cloud radiative forcing

  • 1 Radiative forcing — In climate science, radiative forcing is generally defined as the change in net irradiance between different layers of the atmosphere. Typically, radiative forcing is quantified at the tropopause in units of watts per square meter. A positive… …

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  • 2 Cloud forcing — (sometimes described as cloud radiative forcing) is, in meteorology, the difference between the radiation budget components for average cloud conditions and cloud free conditions. Much of the interest in cloud forcing relates to its role as a… …

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  • 3 Cloud reflectivity modification — Cloud reflectivity enhancement is also known as marine cloud brightening or cloud whitening on low cloud. An opposite scheme exists to reduce the reflectivity of higher, colder cirrus clouds.[1] It is a geoengineering technique that works by… …

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  • 4 Cloud feedback — is the coupling between cloudiness and surface air temperature in which a change in radiative forcing perturbs the surface air temperature, leading to a change in clouds, which could then amplify or diminish the initial temperature perturbation.… …

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  • 5 Forcing — may refer to: *Forcing (set theory), a technique for obtaining proofs in set theory *Forcing (recursion theory) *Radiative forcing, the difference between the incoming radiation energy and the outgoing radiation energy in a given climate system… …

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  • 6 List of atmospheric radiative transfer codes — this article contains list of atmospheric radiative transfer codes and their applications.ClassificationThe compilation contains information about the atmospheric radiative transfer, relevant databases, and atmospheric radiation parameterizations …

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  • 7 Orbital forcing — is the effect on climate of slow changes in the tilt of the Earth s axis and shape of the orbit (see Milankovitch cycles). These orbital changes change the total amount of sunlight reaching the Earth by up to 25% at mid latitudes (from 400 to 500 …

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  • 8 Mammatus cloud — Mammatus clouds in San Antonio, Texas, 2009 Appearance The cloud appears to have smooth, round puffs hanging from its underside …

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  • 9 Veerabhadran Ramanathan — Infobox Scientist name = Veerabhadran Ramanathan image width = caption = birth date = birth place = Madurai, India death date = death place = residence = nationality = field = Atmospheric Scientist erdos number = work institution = Scripps… …

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  • 10 CRF — Die Abkürzung CRF steht für: Air Central, japanische Fluggesellschaft (ICAO Code) Capital Recovery Factor (deutsch: Annuitätenfaktor) siehe Annuitätenmethode der Wirtschaftlichkeitsanalyse Cardiale Risikofaktoren, in der Medizin Case Report Form …

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  • 11 global warming — an increase in the earth s average atmospheric temperature that causes corresponding changes in climate and that may result from the greenhouse effect. [1975 80] * * * Potential increase in global average surface temperatures resulting from… …

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  • 12 Global warming controversy — refers to a variety of disputes, significantly more pronounced in the popular media than in the scientific literature,[1][2] regarding the nature, causes, and consequences of global warming. The disputed issues involve the causes of increased… …

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  • 13 Global warming — This article is about the change in climate Earth is currently experiencing. For general discussion of how Earth s climate can change, see Climate change …

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  • 14 Global climate model — AGCM redirects here. For Italian competition regulator, see Autorità Garante della Concorrenza e del Mercato. Climate models are systems of differential equations based on the basic laws of physics, fluid motion, and chemistry. To “run” a model,… …

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  • 15 Climate sensitivity — is a measure of how responsive the temperature of the climate system is to a change in the radiative forcing. It is usually expressed as the temperature change associated with a doubling of the concentration of carbon dioxide in Earth s… …

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  • 16 Contrail — Vapor Trail redirects here. For other uses, see Vapor Trail (disambiguation). For other uses, see Contrail (disambiguation). Cirrus aviaticus Contrails from a S7 Airlines Tupolev Tu 154M …

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  • 17 Traînée de condensation — Traînées de condensation derrière un avion quadriréacteur Boeing 747 …

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  • 18 Ozone depletion — Image of the largest Antarctic ozone hole ever recorded (September 2006) Ozone depletion describes two distinct but related phenomena observed since the late 1970s: a steady decline of about 4% per decade in the total volume of ozone in Earth s… …

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  • 19 Effects of global warming — This article is about (primarily) effects during the 21st century. For longer term effects, see Long term effects of global warming. The variou …

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  • 20 Greenhouse gas — Simple diagram of greenhouse effect. A greenhouse gas (sometimes abbreviated GHG) is a gas in an atmosphere that absorbs and emits radiation within the thermal infrared range. This process is the fundamental cause of the greenhouse effect.[1] …

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