baroclinic fluid

  • 1 baroclinic — ¦barə¦klinik adjective Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary bar + clinic : relating to a state of a fluid (as the atmosphere) in which surfaces of constant pressure intersect those of constant density …

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  • 2 Baroclinity — In fluid dynamics, the baroclinity (sometimes called baroclinicity) is a measure of the stratification in a fluid. A baroclinic atmosphere is one for which the density depends on both the temperature and the pressure; contrast this with… …

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  • 3 climate — /kluy mit/, n. 1. the composite or generally prevailing weather conditions of a region, as temperature, air pressure, humidity, precipitation, sunshine, cloudiness, and winds, throughout the year, averaged over a series of years. 2. a region or… …

    Universalium

  • 4 Barotropic — In meteorology, a barotropic atmosphere is one in which the pressure depends only on the density and vice versa, so that isobaric surfaces (constant pressure surfaces) are also isopycnic surfaces (constant density surfaces). The isobaric surfaces …

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  • 5 Physical oceanography — World ocean bathymetry. Physical oceanography is the study of physical conditions and physical processes within the ocean, especially the motions and physical properties of ocean waters. Physical oceanography is one of several sub domains into… …

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  • 6 Rossby wave — Rossby (or planetary) waves are giant meanders in high altitude winds that are a major influence on weather. Their emergence is due to shear in rotating fluids, so that the Coriolis force changes along the sheared coordinate. In planetary… …

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  • 7 Cyclone — This article is about the meteorological phenomenon. For other uses, see Cyclone (disambiguation). Polar low over the Barents Sea on February 27, 1987 In meteorology, a cyclone is an area of closed, circular fluid motion rotating in the same… …

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  • 8 Vorticity equation — The vorticity equation is an important prognostic equation in the atmospheric sciences. Vorticity is a vector, therefore, there are three components. The equation of vorticity (three components in the canonical form) describes the total… …

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  • 9 Atmospheric model — A 96 hour forecast of 850 mbar geopotential height and temperature from the Global Forecast System An atmospheric model is a mathematical model constructed around the full set of primitive dynamical equations which govern atmospheric motions. It… …

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  • 10 Joseph Smagorinsky — Infobox Scientist name = Joseph Smagorinsky image width = 200px caption = Joseph Smagorinsky birth date = birth date|1924|1|29 birth place = New York City death date = death date and age|2005|9|21|1924|1|29 death place = Hillsborough, NJ, USA… …

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  • 11 Meteorology — For other uses of the root word meteor , see Meteor (disambiguation). For the work by Aristotle, see Meteorology (Aristotle). Not to be confused with Metrology. Part of the Nature series on Weather   …

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  • 12 Instability — [ Hydrodynamics simulation of the Rayleigh–Taylor instability [Shengtai Li, Hui Li Parallel AMR Code for Compressible MHD or HD Equations (Los Alamos National Laboratory) [http://math.lanl.gov/Research/Highlights/amrmhd.shtml] ] ] Instability in… …

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  • 13 Beta plane — In geophysical fluid dynamics, an approximation whereby the Coriolis parameter, f , is set to vary linearly in space is called a beta plane approximation. On a rotating sphere such as the earth, f varies with the sine of latitude; a linear… …

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  • 14 Precipitation (meteorology) — Long term mean precipitation by month In meteorology, precipitation (also known as one of the classes of hydrometeors, which are atmospheric water phenomena is any product of the condensation of atmospheric water vapor that falls under… …

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  • 15 Richard Lindzen — Richard S. Lindzen Born 8 February 1940 (1940 02 08) (age 71) Webster, Massachusetts Fields Atmospheric physics …

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  • 16 Nebular hypothesis — Star formation Interstellar medium Molecular cloud …

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  • 17 Atmospheric physics — is the application of physics to the study of the atmosphere. Atmospheric physicists attempt to model Earth s atmosphere and the atmospheres of the other planets using fluid flow equations, chemical models, radiation balancing, and energy… …

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  • 18 Thermal wind — The thermal wind is a vertical shear in the geostrophic wind caused by a horizontal temperature gradient. Its name is a misnomer, because the thermal wind is not actually a wind, but rather a wind gradient. Description Physical Intuition , so… …

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  • 19 Sverdrup balance — The Sverdrup balance, or Sverdrup relation, is a theoretical relationship between the wind stress exerted on the surface of the open ocean and the vertically integrated meridional (north south) transport of ocean water. History Aside from the… …

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  • 20 Tropical cyclone forecast model — [ National Hurricane Center (NHC)] A tropical cyclone forecast model is a computer program that uses meteorological data to forecast the motion and intensity of tropical cyclones. Such models utilize powerful supercomputers with sophisticated… …

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