bile acid

noun Date: circa 1881 any of several steroid acids (as cholic acid) of or derived from bile

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Bile acid — Bile acids (also known as bile salts) are steroid acids found predominantly in the bile of mammals. In humans taurocholic acid, and glycocholic acid (derivatives of cholic acid) represent approximately eighty percent of all bile acids. The two… …   Wikipedia

  • bile acid — n any of several steroid acids (as cholic acid) that occur in bile usu. in the form of sodium salts conjugated with glycine or taurine * * * see under B …   Medical dictionary

  • bile acid — noun any of the steroid acids generated in the liver and stored with bile • Hypernyms: ↑steroid • Hyponyms: ↑cholic acid * * * noun : any of several acids (as cholic acid) that occur in bile usually in the form of sodium salts of the acids… …   Useful english dictionary

  • bile acid — bile′ ac id n. phl any of various steroid acids that emulsify fats during digestion Compare bile salt …   From formal English to slang

  • bile acid — noun any of the steroid acids produced by the liver, such as cholic acid, that occur in bile as sodium salts and serve to neutralize the contents of the stomach as they enter the duodenum and to aid the emulsificatio …   Wiktionary

  • bile acid — Physiol. any of various steroid acids, produced in the liver and stored with bile, that emulsify fats during digestion. Cf. bile salt. [1880 85] * * * …   Universalium

  • Bile acid resin — Bile acid resins are substances that bind in the intestines with bile acids that contain cholesterol and are then eliminated in the stool. The major effect of bile acid resins is to lower LDL cholesterol by about 10 to 20 percent. Small doses of… …   Medical dictionary

  • bile acid therapy — bile acid replacement therapy administration of bile acids for treatment of hyperliposis …   Medical dictionary

  • Bile acid sequestrant — The bile acid sequestrants are a group of medications used for binding certain components of bile in the gastrointestinal tract. They disrupt the enterohepatic circulation of bile acids by sequestering them and preventing their reabsorption from… …   Wikipedia

  • bile acid breath test — (for overgrowth of bacteria in the intestine) a breath test in which the patient is given a dose of a conjugated bile acid labeled with carbon 14 and the amount of radioactively labeled carbon dioxide in the breath is measured at hourly intervals …   Medical dictionary

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