Biel, East Lothian
Biel is a
villagein East Lothian, Scotland, UK, to the south of Dunbar, off the B6370 road. It is situated on the Biel Estate, close to Biel House.
The word 'biel', 'beil' or 'bel' means "shelter", as in
Belton, Belhaven, Bilsdean, or as in Robert Lauder of Beilmouth.
Glasgow Universityfound the remains of a small farmstead over 2000 years old, possibly with a palisadesurrounding a roundhouse.
The Biel estate was originally owned by the Earls of Dunbar, then by
Robert Lauder of The Bass. Sir James Hamilton, Sheriff of Lanark, bought Biel in 1641.
William Hamilton Nisbet succeeded to the Biel lands and made
Biel Househis residence. It is a 12th century tower house, off the B6370, and a member of the Historic Houses Association.
The present Biel House is a 16th century three-storey listed building, formerly owned by the Earls of Belhaven. William Atkinson extended it in 1814-1818, and in the early twentieth century, further interior alterations were made by R.R.Anderson.The grounds include a
chapel, rock garden, doocot, summerhouse, gatepiers, deer park, woodland, arboretum, kitchen garden, glasshouses.
Biel Water (Biel Burn)
The Biel Water, locally known as the Biel Burn, flows through the Biel Estate, and Biel Mill is situated in a woodland.
The Biel Burn Flood of 1948 is still remembered by local residents. The latest
floodingincident occurred in 2007.
List of places in East Lothian
* [http://www.historic-scotland.gov.uk/gardens_search_results.htm/gardenssearchmoreinfo.htm?s=&r=Edinburgh+and+the+Lothians&bool=0&PageID=2311&more_info=Landscape Historic Scotland - Architecture and Gardens of Biel House]
* [http://www.fettes.com/lothian/floods.htm Biel Burn flood]
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