Irrigationsprinklers are used on farms, golf courses, residential yards, and other places to water crops, lawns, gardens or other plants in the event of drought. They are also used for recreation or as a cooling system.
Sprinklers that spray in a fixed pattern are generally called sprays or spray heads. Sprays are not usually designed to operate at pressures above 30 lbf/in² (200 kPa), due to misting problems that may develop.
Higher pressure sprinklers that rotate around themselves are driven by a ball drive, gear drive, or impact mechanism (
impact sprinklers). These can be designed to rotate in a full or partial circle.
Some sprinklers are also known as Floppy Sprinkler, Spray Pop-ups, pulsating sprinklers due to their water stream and revolutionary new concept having no rotating or moving parts.
Rainguns are similar to impact sprinkler, except that they generally operate at very high pressures of 40 to 130 lbf/in² (275 to 900 kPa) and flows of 50 to 1200 US gal/min (3 to 76 L/s), usually with nozzle diameters in the range of 0.5 to 1.9 inches (10 to 50 mm). In addition to irrigation, guns are used for industrial applications such as
dustsuppression and logging.
Many irrigation sprinklers are buried in the ground along with their supporting plumbing, but above ground and moving sprinklers are also common. Most irrigation sprinklers are functioned through electric and hydraulic technology and are grouped together in zones that can be collectively turned on and off by actuating a
impact sprinklerhead in action]
Underground sprinklers (generally used for high-end home lawns and gardens) function through means of basic electronic and hydrolic technology. A 110 volt supplied controller, or sprinkler box sends a pre-determind 24 volt signal to an awaiting solenoid valve buried in the yard. This valve and all of the sprinklers that will be activated by this valve are known as a zone. Upon activation, the solenoid, which sits on top of the valve is magnetized lifting a small stainless steel plunger in its center. By doing this, the activated (or raised) plunger allows air to escape from the top of a rubber diaphragm located in the center of the valve. Water that has been charged and waiting on the bottom of this same diaphragm now has the higher pressure and lifts the diaphragm. This pressurized water is then allowed to escape down stream of the valve through a series of PVC pipes. Along these pipes and flush to grade level are pre measured and spaced out sprinklers. These sprinklers can be fixed spray heads that have a set pattern and generally spray between 7 and 15 feet, full rotating sprinklers that can spray a broken stream of water from 20 to 40 feet, or small drip emitters that release a slow, steady drip of water on more delicate plants such as flowers and shrubs.
Most irrigation sprinklers are used as part of a sprinkler system, consisting of various plumbing parts, piping and control equipment. Piping is connected to the water source via plumbing fittings and the control system opens and closes valves to provide water on a schedule. The control provided varies depending on the equipment used; some systems are fully automated and even compensate for rain, runoff and evaporation, while others require much more user attention for the same effectiveness.
* [http://www.qim-incendie.com/ QIM]
* [http://www.lrnelson.com/ Nelson]
*Jain Irrigation Systems Ltd.
* [http://www.netafim.com/ Netafim]
* [http://www.krain.com/ K-Rain]
Sprinkler system timer
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Sprinkler — may refer to: Irrigation sprinkler, a device for irrigation of lawns or crops Fire sprinkler system, the entire systems of pipes and sprinklers intended for fire suppression within buildings Fire sprinkler, a device for fire suppression within… … Wikipedia
Irrigation — For its use in viticulture, see Irrigation in viticulture. For its use in medicine, see Therapeutic irrigation. LEPA redirects here. For the airport serving Palma de Mallorca, Spain, assigned the ICAO code LEPA, see Palma de Mallorca Airport.… … Wikipedia
Sprinkler system timer — A sprinkler system timer is an electrical device that is used to set an irrigation sprinkler system to come on automatically at a certain time. Irrigation timers first appeared in the early 1960s to control large radius lawn sprinklers, which at… … Wikipedia
Irrigation in Brazil — has been developed through the use of different models. Public involvement in irrigation is relatively new while private investment has traditionally been responsible for irrigation development. Private irrigation predominates in the populated… … Wikipedia
Irrigation in Australia — is a widespread practice to supplement low rainfall levels in Australia with water from other sources to assist in the production of crops or pasture. As the driest inhabited continent, irrigation is required in many areas for production of crops … Wikipedia
irrigation and drainage — ▪ agriculture Introduction artificial application of water to land and artificial removal of excess water from land, respectively. Some land requires irrigation or drainage before it is possible to use it for any agricultural production; other… … Universalium
Irrigation in viticulture — A vineyard with a drip irrigation system running along the bottom of the vines The role of irrigation in viticulture is considered both controversial and essential to wine production. In the physiology of the grapevine, water is a vital component … Wikipedia
Irrigation Association — The Irrigation Association, formerly the Association of Sprinkler Irrigation Equipment Manufacturers, is a United States industry trade group for irrigation professionals, contractors, consultants, universities, government agencies, distributors… … Wikipedia
sprinkler — noun a) Anything that sprinkles. b) An irrigation device that sprays water into the air whilst moving back and forth … Wiktionary
Impact sprinkler — An Impact sprinkler (sometimes incorrectly called an impulse sprinkler ) is a type of Irrigation sprinkler used primarily to irrigate farm fields. It is by far the most widely recognized type of sprinkler, particularly by the sound it makes while … Wikipedia