Munier Chowdhury ( _bn. মুনীর চৌধুরী) (born:
27 November, 1925- died: 14 December, 1971) was a Bangladeshieducator, playwright, literary critic and political dissident.
Chowdhury graduated from
Dhaka Collegiate Schoolin 1941. He attended Aligarh Muslim Universityand later studied English literaturefor his Bachelors degree (with honors, 1946) and Masters (1947) at the Dhaka University. In 1954, he completed a second Masters degree, summa cum laude, in Bangla. In 1958, he obtained another Masters in Linguisticsfrom Harvard University.
Career in Education
Munier Chowdhury started his career in teaching at Brojolal College in
Khulnaand worked there between 1947 and 1950. Later he worked for some time at the Jagannath College in Dhakain 1950. After that, he joined the Dhaka Universityin 1950 and taught both in English and Bengali language departments between 1950 and 1971.
Munier Chowdhury actively participated in the
Language Movementof 1952, and was imprisoned by the Pakistangovernment. He wrote his famous symbolic drama, "Kabar" (The Grave) during his imprisonment. He also fought against any type of cultural repression during the late 1950s and 1960s. In 1967, he protested against the Pakistangovernment's directive to ban Tagore songs on Radio and Television. In the late 1960s there was a movement in Pakistan to replace the Bengali languagealphabet with the Roman alphabet. As a linguist and writer, Munier Chowdhury protested this move to undermine the native language of East Pakistan. He actively participated in the non-cooperation movement during the early part of 1971 and renounced his award "Sitara-e-Imtiaz" (awarded by PakistanGovt in 1966).
* Kabar (The grave), 1952 - a one act play about the
* Raktakta Prantar (The bloody meadow), 1959 - play about the
Third Battle of Panipat
* Mir-Manas, 1965 - literary critique of
Mir Mosharraf Hossain's literature
* Munier Optima, 1965 - a Bangla keyboard layout design
* Dandakaranya, 1966
* Chithi (The letter), 1966
* Palashi Barrack O Anyanya, 1969
* Tulanamulak Samalochana (Comparative critique), 1969
* Bangla Gadyariti (Bengali literary style),1970
Bangla AcademyPrize, 1962
* Daud Prize, 1965
* Sitara-e-Imtiaz, 1966, awarded by Govt. of
:"see also 1971 East Pakistan Intellectuals massacre"
14 December, 1971Munier Chowdhury, along with a large number of Bengali intellectuals, educators, doctors and engineers, was kidnapped and later executed by the Pakistan Armyand its Bengali collaborators, only 2 days before the end of the Bangladesh War.
* [http://banglapedia.search.com.bd/HT/C_0250.htm Banglapedia article on Munier Chowdhury]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Munier Choudhury — Munier Chowdhury (Bengali: মুনীর চৌধুরী) (born: 27 November 1925 died: 14 December 1971) was a Bangladeshi educationist, playwright, literary critic and political dissident. Contents 1 Education 2 Career in Education 3 Political movements … Wikipedia
Bengali theatre — refers to plays in the Bengali language. There are some Hindi theatres which are accepted by the Bengali people (e.g. the productions of Rangakarmee, a group whose productions are directed mainly by Usha Ganguly; the productions by Padatik,… … Wikipedia
List of Bangladesh-related topics — This page lists articles on Wikipedia that are related to Bangladesh, Bengal and Bangladesh/Bengali culture. This is so that those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the… … Wikipedia
List of Bengali language authors (alphabetical) — This article provides an alphabetical list of Bengali language authors. For a chronological list, see List of Bengali language authors.( Awards Prizes : N= Nobel, J= Jnanpith, S= Sahitya Akademi, R= Rabindra, B=Bankim, A= Ananda, BS=Bibhuti… … Wikipedia
Ferdousi Mazumder — ( bn. ফেরদৌসী মজুমদার) (born June 18, 1943) is a Bangladeshi actress. She successfully appeared in the country’s theatre and television for nearly forty years and is awarded with the highest honor Ekushey Padak for her attribution to the Bengali… … Wikipedia
Selim Al Deen — ( bn. সেলিম আল দীন) (18 August 1949 ndash; 14 January 2008) was a Bangladeshi playwright [ Citation last =Kamol first =Ersahad title =Silver Jubilee:Bangladesh Film Archive celebrations:Events on the 2nd day newspaper =The Daily Star year =2004… … Wikipedia
Nurul Momen — নুরুল মোমেন Nurul Momen Nurul Momen Born 25 November 1908(1908 11 25) Alphadanga, Jessore, Bangladesh Died … Wikipedia
Bengali alphabet — Bengali abugida Type Abugida Languages Bengali Time period 11th Century to the present … Wikipedia
List of Bangladeshis — This article lists the notable people, with articles in Wikipedia, who are either citizens of Bangladesh, born in the region of what is now Bangladesh, or of Bangladeshi origin living abroad (such as British Bangladeshis or Bangladeshi Americans) … Wikipedia
List of Bengali language authors (chronological) — This is a Chronological list of Bengali language authors (regardless of nationality or religion), by date of birth. Alphabetical order is used only when chronological order cannot be ascertained.The list also marks the winners of major… … Wikipedia