Rorate Coeli

Rorate Coeli (or Rorate Caeli), from the Book of Isaiah (Isaiah 45:8) in the Vulgate, are the opening words of a text used in Catholic and, less frequently, Protestant liturgy. It is also known as The Advent Prose or by the first words of its English translation, "Drop down ye heavens from above."

It is used frequently sung as a plainsong at Mass) and in the Divine Office during Advent. where it gives expression to the longings of Patriarchs and Prophets, and symbolically of the Church, for the coming of the Messiah. Throughout Advent it occurs daily as an antiphon at Vespers, divided into a versicle and response:

Rorate coeli desuper et nubes pluant justum
(Drop down dew, ye heavens, from above, and let the clouds rain the just)

Aperiatur terra et germinet salvatorem"
(Let the earth be opened and send forth a Saviour").

Other uses

The Introit Rorate Coeli in square notation, a different melody that the sound file above.

The text is also used:

  • as the Introit for the Fourth Sunday in Advent, for Wednesday in Ember Week, for the feast of the Expectation of the Blessed Virgin, and for votive Masses of the Blessed Virgin during Advent;
  • as a versicle in the first responsory of Tuesday in the first week of Advent;
  • as the first antiphon at Lauds for the Tuesday preceding Christmas and the second antiphon at Matins of the Expectation of the Blessed Virgin;
  • in the second responsory for Friday of the third week of Advent and in the fifth responsory in Matins of the Expectation of the Blessed Virgin.

In the Anglican Communion, the Rorate Coeli is included in the music for Advent (735 in the English Hymnal and 501 in the New English Hymnal) and is translated as:

Drop down, ye heavens from above
and let the skies pour down righteousness.

In the Book of Hymns (Edinburgh, 1910), p. 4, W. Rooke-Ley translates the text in connection with the O Antiphons:

Mystic dew from heaven Unto earth is given:
Break, O earth, a Saviour yield -- Fairest flower of the field

The Introit plain-song may be found in the various editions of the Vatican Graduale and the Solesmes "Liber Usualis", 1908, p. 125. Under the heading, "Prayer of the Churches of France during Advent", Dom Guéranger (Liturgical Year, Advent tr., Dublin, 1870, pp. 155–6) gives it as an antiphon to each of a series of prayers ("Ne irascaris ", "Peccavimus", "Vide Domine", "Consolamini") expressive of penitence, expectation, comfort, and furnishes the Latin text and an English rendering of the Prayer. The Latin text and a different English rendering are also given in the Baltimore "Manual of Prayers" (pp. 603–4). A plain-song setting of the "Prayer", or series of prayers, is given in the Solesmes "Manual of Gregorian Chant" (Rome-Tournai, 1903, 313-5) in plain-song notation, and in a slightly simpler form in modern notation in the "Roman Hymnal" (New York, 1884, pp. 140–3), as also in "Les principaux chants liturgiques" (Paris, 1875, pp. 111–2) and "Recueil d'anciens et de nouveaux cantiques notés" (Paris, l886, pp. 218–9).

This text forms the basis for the hymn “O Heiland, reiß die Himmel auf.


Gregorian Rorate at Wikimedia Commons

Latin English
Roráte caéli désuper,
et núbes plúant jústum.

Drop down ye heavens, from above,
and let the skies pour down righteousness:

Ne irascáris Dómine,
ne ultra memíneris iniquitátis:
ecce cívitas Sáncti fácta est desérta:
Síon desérta fácta est:
Jerúsalem desoláta est:
dómus sanctificatiónis túæ et glóriæ túæ,
ubi laudavérunt te pátres nóstri.

Be not wroth very sore, O Lord,
neither remember iniquity for ever:
the holy cities are a wilderness,
Sion is a wilderness,
Jerusalem a desolation:
our holy and our beautiful house,
where our fathers praised thee.

Peccávimus, et fácti súmus tamquam immúndus nos,
et cecídimus quasi fólium univérsi:
et iniquitátes nóstræ quasi véntus abstulérunt nos:
abscondísti faciem túam a nóbis,
et allisísti nos in mánu iniquitátis nóstræ.

We have sinned, and are as an unclean thing,
and we all do fade as a leaf:
and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away;
thou hast hid thy face from us:
and hast consumed us, because of our iniquities.

Víde Dómine afflictiónem pópuli túi,
et mítte quem missúrus es:
emítte Agnum dominatórem térræ,
de Pétra desérti ad móntem fíliæ Síon:
ut áuferat ípse júgum captivitátis nóstræ.

Behold, O Lord, the affliction of thy people
and send forth Him who is to come
send forth the Lamb, the ruler of the earth from Petra of the desert to the mount of the daughter of Sion
that He may take away the yoke of our captivity


Ye are my witnesses, saith the Lord,
and my servant whom I have chosen;
that ye may know me and believe me:
I, even I, am the Lord, and beside me there is no Savior:
and there is none that can deliver out of my hand.

Consolámini, consolámini, pópule méus:
cito véniet sálus túa:
quare mæróre consúmeris,
quia innovávit te dólor?
Salvábo te, nóli timére,
égo enim sum Dóminus Déus túus,
Sánctus Israël, Redémptor túus.

Comfort ye, comfort ye, my people,
my salvation shall not tarry:
(translation missing)
(translation missing)
I have blotted out as a thick cloud thy transgressions:
Fear not, for I will save thee:
for I am the Lord thy God,
the Holy One of Israel, thy Redeemer.

External links

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Rorate Coeli — • Vulgate, text, the opening words of Isaiah 45:8 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Rorate Coeli     Rorate Coeli     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Rorate coeli desuper (Messe) — Die Messe Rorate coeli desuper in G Dur (Hob. XXII: 3) von Joseph Haydn wurde 1749 oder 1750 geschrieben und zählt neben der Messe in F Dur zu seinen frühesten Schöpfungen. Der Titel (Tauet, ihr Himmel, von oben) ist dem biblischen Buch Jesaja… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Missa Rorate coeli desuper — Die Missa Rorate coeli desuper in G Dur (Hob. XXII: 3) ist eine Joseph Haydn zugeschriebene Messe. Sie wurde möglicherweise 1749 oder 1750 komponiert und würde neben der Missa brevis F Dur zu Haydns frühesten Schöpfungen zählen. Der Titel Rorate… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rorāte — (lat.), Anfangswort einer Stelle aus Jesaias (45, 8), welche die Sehnsucht nach dem Erlöser ausdrückt. In der Katholischen Kirche werden vor Weihnachten, während der Adventszeit, sogenannte Roratemessen u. Rorateandachten gehalten, wobei das… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Rorāte — (lat.), in der kath. Kirche der während der Adventszeit gegen Tagesanbruch bei vielen Lichtern gefeierte Gottesdienst, von dem Eingangsgebet der Messe aus Jes. 45, 8: »Rorate coeli desuper« (»Tauet Himmel herab«) benannt; auch Engelamt geheißen,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Rorate — Der gregorianische Introitus Rorate lautet der Beginn einer Antiphon in der katholischen Liturgie. Der Text Rorate caeli desuper („Tauet, Himmel, von oben“) stammt aus dem alttestamentlichen Buch Jesaja (Jesaja 45,8 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste lateinischer Phrasen/R — Lateinische Phrasen   A B C D E F G H I L M N O P …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Christus (Liszt) — Christus (S.3, composed 1862 1866) is an oratorio by the Hungarian composer and pianist Franz Liszt. The oratorio takes the traditional plot of Jesus Christ s life from his birth to his passion and resurrection, using Bible texts, and is thus… …   Wikipedia

  • Johann Caspar Ferdinand Fischer — (* vermutlich 6. Dezember 1656 oder 7. September 1656 in Schönfeld bei Karlsbad, evtl. auch 1665 oder erst um 1670; † 27. August 1746 in Rastatt) war ein deutscher Komponist und Musiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Johann Kaspar Ferdinand Fischer — Johann Caspar Ferdinand Fischer (* vermutlich 6. Dezember 1656 oder 7. September 1656 in Schönfeld bei Karlsbad im Egerland, evtl. auch 1665 oder erst um 1670; † 27. August 1746 in Rastatt) war ein deutscher Komponist und Musiker. Leben J. C. F.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.