Jakob Wilhelm Hauer

Jakob Wilhelm Hauer (born April 4, 1881 in Ditzingen-died February 18, 1962 in Tübingen) was a German Indologist and religious studies writer. He was the founder of the German Faith Movement.

Initially trained in the family trade as a plasterer, he entered the missionary school at Basel in 1900 and served as a missionary in India from 1907 to 1911.de icon [http://www.bbkl.de/h/hauer_w.shtml KIRCHENLEXIKON HAUER, Jakob Wilheml] ] His time in India and his study of indigenous religions saw him lose faith in Christianity and instead he returned to his studies, reading religious studies and Sanskrit to doctorate level at the University of Oxford and the University of Tübingen, before going on to teach at the University of Marburg (1925) and Tübingen itself (1927). Under his tutelage religious studies at Tübingen became increasingly close to Nazism and by 1940 he was heading up an 'Aryan Seminar'. [ [http://www.uni-leipzig.de/~religion/vereinigungen/dvrg/dvrg2001_junginger.html The Study of Religion under the Impact of National Socialism] ]

In 1920 he formed the "Bund der Köngener", a youth movement that grew out of groups of Protestant Bible circles who had come into contact with the Wandervogel tendency. Initially little more than a more organised version of the Wandervogel, the Bund, which was for a time led by Rudolf Otto, became attracted to the ideals of the Völkisch movement, especially as Hauer began to move more towards developing his own religion. [Hans-Christian Brandenburg & Rudolf Daur, "Die Brücke zu Köngen. Fünfzig Jahre Bund der Köngener", Stuttgart, 1970]

Hauer began to look into his own forms of religion in 1927 when he set up the "Religiösen Menschheitsbund", which aimed for a greater unity amongst Germany's faiths towards common goals. He joined with Ernst Graf zu Reventlow in this endeavour and in 1934 founded the German Faith Movement ("Deutsche Glaubensbewegung"), which combined a number of existing communities in a Völkisch faith influenced by Hinduism. Hauer's admiration for Hinduism centred on the Bhagavad Gita, to which he had been particularly drawn. He described it as "a work of imperishable significance", arguing that it called on people to "master the riddle of life". [ [http://www.hinduwisdom.info/quotes81_100.htm Quotes on Hinduism] ] By July 1934 the religion had been ratified as Hauer celebrated his first wedding without other clergy. [ [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,747547,00.html Pagans and Gags] from "Time"]

It had initially been hoped that it might be adopted as the state religion of the Third Reich but this did not happen and as it began to decline Hauer left in 1936. Hauer remained close to the Nazis however and wrote to Heinrich Himmler immedaitely after Rudolf Hess' flight to Scotland to denounce the Nazi Party number two as a victim of the anthroposophy which he had opposed. [Uwe Werner, [http://www.defendingsteiner.com/pers/Hess.php Was Rudolf Hess an Anthroposophist?] ]

In later years Hauer would seek to not only distance himself from the Nazis but also to portray himself as an anthroposophist by stating that:

"every undertaking and activity of anthroposophy necessarily arises out of the Anthroposophical world view. The anthroposophical world view is in the most important points directly opposed to National Socialism. Therefore, schools which are built out of the anthroposophical world view and led by anthroposophists mean danger to true German education." [Uwe Werner, [http://www.waldorfanswers.com/AnthroposophyDuringNaziTimes.htm#3 Anthroposophy in the Time of Nazi Germany] ]

Removed from his university position after World War II, Hauer continued to agitate for his own religion, forming the "Arbeitsgemeinschaft für freie Religionsforschung und Philosophie" in 1947 and the "Freie Akademie" in 1955.

Publications

* 1922: "Werden und Wesen der Anthroposophie"
* 1922: "Die Anfänge der Yogapraxis im alten Indien"
* 1932: " Der Yoga als Heilweg"
* 1934: "Dt. Gottschau"
* 1934: "Was will die D.G."
* 1937: "Glaubensgeschichte der Indogermanen"
* 1941: "Glaube und Blut"
* 1941: "Religion und Rasse"
* 1950: "Die Krise der Religion und ihre Überwindung"
* 1952: "Glauben und Wissen"

References


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