—  town  —
Country India
State Maharashtra
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)

Coordinates: 18°32′46″N 72°55′38″E / 18.5461°N 72.9272°E / 18.5461; 72.9272 Chaul is a former city of Portuguese India, now in ruins. It is located 60 km south of Mumbai, in Raigad District of Maharashtra state in western India.

In 1508, the Egyptian Mamluks, allied with the Gujarat Sultanate vanquished the Portuguese in the Battle of Chaul. The first Portuguese settlement at Chaul took place in 1521 with the construction of the first fort on the south bank of the Kundalika River. In October 1531, the Portuguese erected a new square stone fortress, named Santa Maria do Castello, which contained a church and dwellings for 120 men. A town developed around the fortress, but a 1558 treaty precluded fortifying the town. The town was destroyed in a 1570-71 siege by the Nizam Shahi Sultan of Ahmadnagar, but a treaty was concluded which lifted the siege, and the town was rebuilt and surrounded by walls and bastions. A fort (Korlai fort) was built on the Morro de Chaul, a rocky promontory on the north side of the river opposite the town. The town withstood several further attacks, and its defense works were expanded in 1613.

The samadhi (mausoleum) of Kanhoji Angre at Chaul, Maharashtra

Chaul was part of Portuguese India's Northern Province, which by the mid 17th century extended for 100 km along the coast of present-day Maharashtra and Gujarat, from Chaul in the south to Daman in the north. The headquarters of the northern province was at Baçaim (modern Vasai) north of Bombay.

During the later 17th and early 18th centuries Portuguese India declined economically and politically, and Chaul lost its former importance. As the power of the Mughal Empire declined in the early 18th century, the Marathas expanded their control of central and western India. The Portuguese colony of Kalyan was captured by the Marathas in 1720, and in 1737 the Maratha general Angria began a concerted campaign to capture the remaining Portuguese territories. Chaul and the Morro de Chaul came under siege in March 1739, but the siege was raised in October. After the capture of Baçaim in 1740, a peace treaty was concluded, and on 18 September 1740, Chaul was ceded by treaty to the Marathas. The city was subsequently abandoned and left in ruins.

The village of Korlai, near the ruins of Chaul, is still home to speakers of Portuguese Creole.

See also

  • Battle of Diu - Chaul had a very important role to play in the setup to this critical battle in 1509
  • Revdanda
  • Korlai fort

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • chaul — chaul·moo·gra; chaul·moo·grate; chaul·moo·gric; chaul·mau·gra; chaul·mu·gra; …   English syllables

  • Chaul — fue un antiguo territorio de Portugal entre los años 1521 y 1740. Está localizado en el subcontinente indio, a 60 kilómetros al sur de Bombay. En 1740, Chaul fue cedida a los hindúes marathas pero fue abandonada por sus nuevos soberanos. Enlaces… …   Wikipedia Español

  • chaúl — (Del ingl. shawl, pañuelo grande; cf. chal). m. Tela de seda de China, comúnmente azul, semejante al gro en el tejido …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • chaúl — ► sustantivo masculino TEXTIL Tela de seda sin brillo, originaria de China. * * * chaúl (del ingl. «shawl», pañuelo grande) m. *Tela de *seda de China, semejante en el tejido al gro. * * * chaúl. (Del ingl. shawl, pañuelo grande; cf. chal). m.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • chaul — chauld, chaul(e obs. forms of chavel, jowl …   Useful english dictionary

  • chaul|mu|gra — chaul|moo|gra or chaul|mu|gra «chl MOO gruh», noun. an East Indian tree whose seeds yield an acrid oil. ╂[< Bengali cāulmugrā] …   Useful english dictionary

  • chaul|moo|gra — or chaul|mu|gra «chl MOO gruh», noun. an East Indian tree whose seeds yield an acrid oil. ╂[< Bengali cāulmugrā] …   Useful english dictionary

  • Chaul Chhnam — Chaul Chnam Thmey (បុណ្យចូលឆ្នាំថ្មី) soit littéralement « Entrer dans la nouvelle année » est le nom officiel des fêtes cambodgiennes qui célèbrent le nouvel an khmer. Elles durent trois jours, et les dates sont fixées chaque année en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • chaul|moo|gric acid — «chl MOO grihk», an acid in chaulmoogra oil. Formula: C5H7(CH2)12 • COOH …   Useful english dictionary

  • Seconde bataille de Chaul — Bataille de Diu Bataille de Diu Informations générales Date 3 février 1509 Lieu Diu, Kerala, Inde Issue Victoire portugaise Belligérants Le Royaum …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.