Participatory 3D Modelling (P3DM)

Participatory 3D Modelling (P3DM) is a community-based mapping method which integrates local spatial knowledge with data on elevation of the land and depth of the sea to produce stand-alone, scaled and geo-referenced relief models. Essentially based on local spatial knowledge, land use and cover, and other features are depicted by informants on the model by the use of pushpins (points), yarns (lines) and paints (polygons). On completion, a scaled and geo-referenced grid is applied to facilitate data extraction or importation. Data depicted on the model are extracted, digitised and plotted. On completion of the exercise the model remains with the community.

References

*Rambaldi G., Muchemi J., Crawhall N. and Monaci L. 2007. [http://idv.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/23/2-3/113 Through the Eyes of Hunter-gatherers: Participatory 3D Modelling among Ogiek Indigenous Peoples in Kenya] . Information Development, Vol. 23, No. 2-3, 113-128
*Rambaldi G., Kwaku Kyem A. P.; Mbile P.; McCall M. and Weiner D. 2006. [http://www.ejisdc.org/ojs/include/getdoc.php?id=246&article=263&mode=pdf Participatory Spatial Information Management and Communication in Developing Countries] . EJISDC 25, 1, 1-9 .
*Chambers R. 2006. [http://www.ejisdc.org/ojs/include/getdoc.php?id=247&article=264&mode=pdf Participatory Mapping and Geographic Information Systems: Whose Map? Who is Empowered and Who Disempowered? Who Gains and Who Loses?] EJISDC 25, 2, 1-11
*Rambaldi G, Chambers R., McCall M, And Fox J. 2006. [http://www.iapad.org/publications/ppgis/ch14_rambaldi_pp106-113.pdf Practical ethics for PGIS practitioners, facilitators, technology intermediaries and researchers] . PLA 54:106-113, IIED, London, UK
*Corbett J, Rambaldi G., Kyem P., Weiner D., Olson R., Muchemi J., McCall M And Chambers R. 2006. [http://www.iapad.org/publications/ppgis/ch01_overview_pp13-19.pdf Mapping for Change: The emergence of a new practice] . PLA 54:13-19 IIED, London, UK
*Rambaldi G, Tuivanuavou S., Namata P., Vanualailai P., Rupeni S. And Rupeni E. 2006. [http://www.iapad.org/publications/ppgis/ch03_rambaldi_pp28-35.pdf Resource Use, Development Planning, and Safeguarding Intangible Cultural Heritage in Fiji] . PLA 54:28-35, IIED, London, UK
*Rambaldi G. and Callosa-Tarr J. 2002. [http://www.iapad.org/p3dm_guiding_principles.htm Participatory 3-Dimensional Modelling: Guiding Principles and Applications] . ASEAN Regional Center for Biodiversity Conservation (ARCBC), Los Baños, Philippines. ISBN: 971-8986-47-2.
*Rambaldi G., Bugna S., Tiangco A. and de Vera D. 2002 [http://www.iapad.org/publications/ppgis/Bringing_the_vertical_dimension_to_the_negotiating_table.pdf Bringing the Vertical Dimension to the Negotiating Table. Preliminary Assessment of a Conflict Resolution Case in the Philippines] . ASEAN Biodiversity, Vol. 2 No. 1, 17-26. ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity Conservation (ARCBC), Los Baños, Philippines.
*Hoare P., Maneeratana B., Songwadhana W., Suwanmanee A. and Sricharoen Y. 2002. [http://www.iapad.org/publications/ppgis/relief_models_a_multipurpose_tool_for_nrm.pdf Relief Models, a Multipurpose Tool for Improved Natural Resource Management The Experience of the Upper Nan Watershed Management Project in Thailand] . ASEAN Biodiversity, Vol. 2 No. 1, 11-16. ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity Conservation (ARCBC), Los Baños, Philippines.
*Puginier O. 2002. [http://www.iapad.org/publications/ppgis/Participation_in_a_conflicting_policy_framework.pdf “Participation” in a conflicting policy framework: Lessons learned from a Thai experience] . ASEAN Biodiversity, Vol. 2 No. 1, 35-42. ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity Conservation (ARCBC), Los Baños, Philippines.
*Rambaldi G., and Le Van Lanh. 2002. [http://www.iapad.org/publications/ppgis/seventhhelper.pdf The Seventh Helper: the Vertical Dimension. Feedback from a training exercise in Vietnam] . ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity Conservation (ARCBC), Los Baños, Philippines.
*Martin C., Eguienta Y., Castella, J.C., T.T. Hieu and Lecompte P. 2001. [http://www.iapad.org/publications/ppgis/northern_vietnam.pdf Combination of participatory landscape analysis and spatial graphic models as a common language between researchers and local stakeholders] . SAM Paper Series. IRRI-IRD.
*Rambaldi G. and Callosa-Tarr J. 2000. [http://www.iapad.org/p3dm_manual_for_nrm.htm Manual on Participatory 3-D Modeling for Natural Resource Management] . Essentials of Protected Area Management: Vol. 7; National Integrated Protected Areas Programme. European Commission, DENR, Quezon City, Philippines. ISBN 971-8986-21-9.

External links

Networks
* [http://www.ppgis.net Open Forum on Participatory Geographic Information Systems and Technologies] - a global network of PGIS/PPGIS practitioners with Spanish, Portuguese and French-speaking chapters.
*Indigenous Peoples of Africa Coordinating Committee (IPACC)

Organizations
* [http://wwww.iapad.org Integrated Approaches to Participatory Development (IAPAD)] - Provides information and case studies on Participatory 3-Dimensional Modelling (P3DM) practice.
* [http://www.iapad.org/pafid/ The Philippine Association for Inter-Cultural Development (PAFID)] uses Participatory 3D Modelling, GPS and GIS applications to support Indigenous Cultural Communities throughout the Philippines in claiming for their rights over ancestral domains.
* [http://www.ermisafrica.org ERMIS Africa] builds capacities among local communities and development practitioners in using Participatory Geo-spatial Information Management Technologies.
*The Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation ACP-EU (CTA) supports the dissemination of good PGIS practice, including P3DM in ACP countries.

Bibliography
* [http://www.iapad.org/bibliography.htm Community Mapping, PGIS, PPGIS and P3DM Virtual Library]

Multimedia
* [http://www.iapad.org/multimedia.htm Collection of community mapping and participatory GIS multimedia]
* [http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=4076981782860217618&hl=en Giving Voice to the Unspoken] a 20-minute video production showing the hands-on aspects of Participatory 3D Modelling (P3DM).

ee also

* Participatory GIS (PGIS)
* Public Participation GIS (PPGIS)
* Geographic information systems (GIS)
*Traditional knowledge gis
*Neogeography


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