Infobox Scottish island |
celtic name=Innis Mhearnaig
meaning of name=Island of St Marnock
highest elevation=60 m
Islands of the Clyde
Argyll and Bute
references= [2001 UK Census per
List of islands of Scotland] [ [http://www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/ Ordnance Survey] ] Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004) "The Scottish Islands". Edinburgh. Canongate.]
Scottish Gaelic: "Innis Mheàrnaig") is an island at the northern end of the Sound of Buteon the west coast of Scotland.
The island belongs to the traditional county of Bute and the modern unitary authority of
Argyll and Bute. It is not to be confused with Inchmarnock in Aberdeenshire.Wilson, Rev. John "The Gazetteer of Scotland" (Edinburgh, 1882) Published by W. & A.K. Johnstone]
Around 3.5 km long and rising to a height of 60 metres, Inchmarnock lies to the west of Bute. The island consists mainly of a single ridge running from north to the south. It is partially wooded and has sea caves at the north and the south and two tiny
lochans inland. The island is divided into three farms, Southpark, Midpark and Northpark although only the latter is currently inhabited. A short reef of drying rocks, Tràigh na h-Uil, skirts the island's west coast.
The island lends its name to the Inchmarnock Water, the body of water that lies between the island's western shore and the
Kintyrepeninsula. Inchmarnock Water connects the Sound of Buteand the Kilbrannan Soundin the south to Loch Fyneand the Kyles of Butein the north.
The island's name is an anglicisation of the Gaelic "Innis Mheàrnaig" meaning "Island of
Saint Marnock". Marnock, ( Old Irish"M'Ernóc", 'My [ie. 'Saint'] Little Ernán) was a holy man who lived on the island for a time in the 7th century and established a monastery here. He has also lent his name to a number of other locations:
Kilmarnock, a town on the Scottish mainland
Portmarnock, a town on the eastern coast of Ireland
Dalmarnock, an area in the east end of Glasgow
The remains of Saint Marnock's chapel can still be seen near Midpark.
At the northern end of the island a Bronze Age
cistcontains the remains of a female skeleton, the "Queen of the Inch". The remains were removed for carbon datingand are now displayed behind a pane of glass in their original position.
Local legend has it that in the 19th century drunks from Rothesay were left on Inchmarnock to dry out by means of "isolation and deprivation".
World War IIthe islanders were evacuated and the island was used for commando training.
Today, Inchmarnock is privately owned and run as an organic farm. The owner, Sir Robert Haldane Smith, has introduced a population of organic
Highland Cattle, employed Headland Archaeology (UK) Ltd to survey the island and has had a new ferry, MV "Marnock", built locally (at Ardmaleish on Bute) to provide a service to the island.
Headland Archaeology conducted several seasons of excavation at the site of St. Marnock's monastery in recent years, discovering one of the most important assemblages of early Christian material in
Scotland, notably slates on which the pupils at the monastic scholl had learned to write Latin and oghamletters. The excavation report was published in autumn 2008.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Inchmarnock — Géographie Pays Royaume Uni Archipel Îles Britanniques Loc … Wikipédia en Français
Inchmarnock — Inchmarnock, Insel im Clyde Golf in Schottland, westlich von der Insel Bute … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Bute, John Stuart, 3rd Earl of, Viscount Kingarth, Lord Mount Stuart, Cumrae, And Inchmarnock — ▪ prime minister of United Kingdom born May 25, 1713, Edinburgh, Scot. died March 10, 1792, London, Eng. Scottish royal favourite who dominated King George III of Great Britain during the first five years of his reign. As prime minister… … Universalium
HMS Vandal (P64) — was a Royal Navy U class submarine built by Vickers Armstrong at Barrow in Furness, yard number 838. The submarine had the shortest career of any Royal Navy submarine, being lost with all 37 onboard just four days after commissioning. [cite web | … Wikipedia
Île d'Arran — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Arran. Ne doit pas être confondu avec Îles d Aran. Île d Arran Isle of Arran … Wikipédia en Français
Isle of Arran — This article is about the Scottish island. For other uses, see Arran. Isle of Arran Location OS grid reference … Wikipedia
Marquess of Bute — For the Prime Minister, see John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute. Marquessate of Bute Creation date 27 February 1796 Created by King George III Peerage Peer … Wikipedia
Firth of Clyde — 55.666666666667 5 Koordinaten: 55° 40′ 0″ N, 5° 0′ 0″ W … Deutsch Wikipedia
Holy Isle (Écosse) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Holy Isle. Holy Isle Eilean MoLaise (gd) … Wikipédia en Français
Pladda — Géographie Pays Royaume Uni Archipel Îles Britanniques Localisa … Wikipédia en Français