Gypsywort

Taxobox
name = Gypsywort


image_width = 220px
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Lamiales
familia = Lamiaceae
genus = "Lycopus"
species = "L. europaeus"
binomial = "Lycopus europaeus"
binomial_authority = L.

"Lycopus europaeus" (Gypsywort, Gipsywort, Bugleweed, European Bugleweed, Water Horehound, Ou Di Sun) is a perennial plant in the Lycopus genus, native to Europe and Asia, and naturalized in the United States.

Gypsywort grows primarily in wetland areas. Its root is a rhizome. It is in flower from June to September, and produces seeds from August to October.

Etymology and folklore

It is reputed to have medicinal qualities [ [http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?423463 USDA Grin Taxonomy] ] [ [http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/ethnobot.pl?ethnobot.taxon=Lycopus%20europaeus Ethnobotany Query ] ] [ [http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Lycopus+europaeus Plants for a Future Database of Edible and Medicinal Plants] ] [ [http://www.henriettesherbal.com/eclectic/kings/lycopus.html#rel-sp Henriette's Herbal] ] and has been used by various peoples as an astringent, cosmetic, douche, narcotic and refrigerant. It has also been used to treat fever, hypothyreosis, sores and wounds. Several research studies have been undertaken on the properties of this plant. [ [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=PubMed&cmd=search&term=%22Lycopus+europaeus%22] List of articles from the National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health]

The name Gypsywort comes from the belief that Gypsies were reputed to stain their skin with the juice of the plant, althgough Howard (1987) states that they used it to dye their linen. [Howard, Michael. "Traditional Folk Remedies" (Century, 1987) p.151]

Notes

External links

* [http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=LYEU United States Dept. of Agriculture Plants Database]
* [http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?423463 USDA Grin Taxonomy]
* [http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/duke/ethnobot.pl?ethnobot.taxon=Lycopus%20europaeus Dr. Duke's Ethnobotanical Uses]
* [http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=PubMed&cmd=search&term=%22Lycopus+europaeus%22 List of articles from the National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health]
* [http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200019790 Flora of China]
* [http://www.plant-identification.co.uk/skye/labiatae/lycopus-europaeus.htm Skye Flora Plant Identification]
* [http://www.pfaf.org/database/plants.php?Lycopus+europaeus Plants for a Future Database of Edible and Medicinal Plants]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gypsywort — Gyp sy*wort (j[i^]p s[i^]*w[^u]rt ), n. (Bot.) A labiate plant (the {Lycopus Europ[ae]us}). Gypsies are said to stain their skin with its juice. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gypsywort — paprastoji vilkakojė statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Notrelinių šeimos vaistinis augalas (Lycopus europaeus), paplitęs Europoje ir Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Lycopus europaeus angl. bugleweed; European bugleweed; gypsywort šaltinis… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • gypsywort — /ˈdʒɪpsiwɜt/ (say jipseewert) noun an erect perennial herb with small white flowers, Lycopus europaeus, family Labiatae, common on the banks of rivers and lakes in Europe and western Asia. Also, gipsywort …   Australian English dictionary

  • gypsywort — noun hairy Eurasian herb with two lipped white flowers • Syn: ↑gipsywort, ↑Lycopus europaeus • Hypernyms: ↑herb, ↑herbaceous plant • Member Holonyms: ↑Lycopus, ↑genus Lycopus …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lycopus Europaeus — Gypsywort Gyp sy*wort (j[i^]p s[i^]*w[^u]rt ), n. (Bot.) A labiate plant (the {Lycopus Europ[ae]us}). Gypsies are said to stain their skin with its juice. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lycopus — is also a spider genus (Thomisidae)Taxobox name = Lycopus image width = 250px image caption = Illustration of gypsywort ( Lycopus europaeus ) regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Lamiales familia = Lamiaceae… …   Wikipedia

  • gipsywort — n. A hairy Eurasian herb ({Lycopus europaeus}) with two lipped white flowers. Syn: gypsywort, {Lycopus europaeus}. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lycopus europaeus — gipsywort gipsywort n. A hairy Eurasian herb ({Lycopus europaeus}) with two lipped white flowers. Syn: gypsywort, {Lycopus europaeus}. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • List of culinary herbs and spices — This is a list of culinary herbs and spices. Specifically these are food or drink additives of mostly botanical origin used in nutritionally insignificant quantities for flavoring or coloring. As such, this list does not contain salt, which is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Bugleweed — The name bugleweed can refer to two unrelated plants:* Bugle (plant), taxonomically Ajuga * Lycopus, the genus to which the gypsywort belongs …   Wikipedia


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