Banswara


Banswara

Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
native_name = Banswara | type = city | latd = 23.55 | longd = 74.45
locator_position = right | state_name = Rajasthan
district = Banswara
leader_title =
leader_name =
altitude = 302
population_as_of = 2001
population_total = 85,638| population_density =
area_magnitude= sq. km
area_total =
area_telephone =
postal_code =
vehicle_code_range =
sex_ratio =
unlocode =
website =
footnotes =

Banswara is a city in Banswara District in south Rajasthan in India. Banswara princely state was founded by Maharawal Jagmal Singh. It gets the name from dominance of "bans" or bamboo forests. It is also known as 'City of Hundred Islands', due to presence of numerous islands in the Mahi River, which flows through Banswara.

Geography

Banswara is located at coord|23.55|N|74.45|E|. [ [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/24/Banswara.html Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Banswara] ] It has an average elevation of 302 metres (990 ft).

History

.

Banswara state is about convert|45|mi|km in length from N. to S., and convert|33|mi|km in breadth from E. to W., and has an area of 1946 m². The population in 1901 was 165,350. The Mahi is the only river in the state and great scarcity of water occurs in the dry season.

Demographics

As of 2001 India census, [GR|India] Banswara had a population of 85,638. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Banswara has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 56% of the males and 44% of females literate. 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Banswara, it is likely, derived its name from bans or bamboo shoots, which once grew in abundance around the places. It was a part of the territory known aas Bagar during the regin of Udai Singh (who succeeded to the throne sometime between 1496 and 1498 AD) and is said to have been founded by Jagmal, the younger son of Udai Singh who, being much devoted to his queen, the mother of Jagmal and wanting to see him installed as a ruler of a separate State, had partitioned Bagar between the two claimant sons before his death. Banswara remained the capital of erstwhile State of the same name for about four centuries thereafter.The crumbling stone wall enclosing the old town is still visible, overlooked by the palace of the former rulers of the principality. Bai Tal - an artificial tank - believed to have been constructed by Lachhi Bai of Idar, the Rani of Maharawal Jagmal, lies on the eastern side of the town. About a kilometre away, are the chhatris or cenotaphs of the royalty. The town has some Jain and Hindu temples and old mosques.

Banswara

Area

5,037 km². (1.47 per cent of the State)

Location

The Banswara district lies in the southern most part of Rajasthan. It is surrounded by Udaipur and Chittaurgarh in the North, Dungarpur in the west, Ratlam and Jhabua districts of Madhya Pradesh in the east and south respectively.

Distance from major cities

*Jaipur-509 k(via chittorgadh)
*Delhi-827 km
*Ahmedabad-265 km
*Mumbai-816 km
*Indore-210 km
*Udaipur-165 km
*partapur-35 km (by taiyeb mushala)

Climate and rainfall

The district has a climate which is very much milder than that in the desert regions in further north and north-west.
*Maximum temperature is 45 degrees Celsius to 46 degrees Celsius.
*Minimum temperature is 10 degrees Celsius to 20 degrees Celsius
*Normal annual rainfall is 922.4 mm

*Population: 15,00,420
*Density of population: 298/km²
*Literacy: 44.22 %
*Total working population: 32.46 %
*Percentage distribution of work force :*Cultivators: 75.58 %:*Agricultural labourers: 9.36 %:*Household industry, manufacturing :*Processing servicing and repairs: 1.25 %:*Other workers: 13.80 %

Electricity

The total transformer capacity in the district is 63.1 MV·A. Of the 1,431 villages 1,219 villages were electrified up to 31 March 2000.

Water

The Mahi river flows on the borders of Peepalkhoot and Ghatol and Banswara Panchayat Samitis. The Mahi project has the capacity to irrigate an area of 800 square kilometres.

Road transport

Road transport is the only mode of goods and passengers movement from and to the district. The district head quarter has diret road connection with Ratlam, Dungarpur, Dohad and Jaipur. Total road length in the district is 1,747 km, as of 31 March 2000.

Rail transport

Rail transport facility is not available in the district. However, the nearest railway station is at Ratlam (85 km) which is on meter gauge and broad gauge.

Air transport

The nearest airport is at Udaipur (192 km).

Communication facilities

(No.) Post offices 276 Telegraph offices 58 Telephone exchanges 34 Public call offices 815

Famous temple

Nandni Mata Mandir Barodiyan (Nandnimata),Tripura Sundri mandir Talvara,

Banswara's related blogs

[http://www.ruralphotography.blogspot.com Digital town by Bhavar garg]

Medical and Public Health Service

(No.) Hospitals 5 Dispensaries 3 Primary Health Centres 34 T.B. Hospitals 1 Sub-health Centres 208

Educational facilities/institutions

(No.) Colleges 4 Higher Secondary and Secondary Schools 128 Primary and Middle Schools 1,995 ITI 2 Others 3

Industrial Scenario

No. of Large and Medium Scale Units: 8 No. of Small Scale Units: 5312 Main Existing Industries

Agro-based (oil mills) Blended yarn Dress material Marble slabs and tiles Portland cement Shirting and suiting Synthetic yarn and texturised grey cloth yarn

References

*

See also

* Banswara (Lok Sabha constituency)


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