Princess Margriet of the Netherlands
Princess Margriet Princess Margriet of the Netherlands (more) Spouse Pieter van Vollenhoven Issue Prince Maurits
Full name Margriet Francisca Father Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld Mother Queen Juliana of the Netherlands Born 19 January 1943
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (International Territory)
Dutch Royal Family
- HRH The Prince of Orange *
HRH Princess Máxima *
- HRH Prince Friso
HRH Princess Mabel
- HRH Prince Constantijn *
HRH Princess Laurentien *
Princess Margriet Francisca of the Netherlands (born 19 January 1943) is the third daughter of Queen Juliana and Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands. As a daughter of the Queen Juliana, and a younger sister of the current monarch, Queen Beatrix, she is a member of the Dutch Royal House and currently ninth in the line of succession to the Dutch throne.
Princess Margriet often represents Queen Beatrix at official or semi-official events. Some of these functions have taken her back to Canada (her country of birth), and to events organised by the Dutch merchant navy of which she is a patron.
Birth in Canada
The Princess was born in Ottawa, Ontario, as the family had been living in Canada since June 1940 after the occupation of the Netherlands by Nazi Germany. The maternity ward of Ottawa Civic Hospital in which Princess Margriet was born was temporarily declared to be extraterritorial by the Canadian government. Making the maternity ward outside of the Canadian domain caused it to be unaffiliated with any jurisdiction and technically international territory. This was done to ensure that the newborn Princess would derive her citizenship from her mother only, thus making her solely Dutch.
It is a common misconception that the Canadian government declared the maternity ward to be Dutch territory. Since Dutch nationality law is based primarily on the principle of Jus sanguinis it was not necessary to make the ward Dutch territory for the Princess to become a Dutch citizen. Since Canada followed the rule of jus soli, it was necessary for Canada to disclaim the territory temporarily so that the Princess would not, by virtue of birth on Canadian soil, become a Canadian citizen.
Since she is a descendant of King George II of Great Britain, and is therefore in line for the British throne, she became a British subject after a 1957 court case filed by Ernest Augustus IV, Prince of Hanover (who also claimed, but did not legally have, the title Prince of Great Britain and Ireland) decided that all persons in line for the British throne are British subjects. Though this rendered previous efforts to avoid dual nationality useless, Margriet does not hold dual citizenship.
Princess Margriet of the Netherlands could claim British nationality because of her descent from Sophia, Electress of Hanover. Her British nationality is based on 'The Act for the Naturalization of the Most Excellent Princess Sophia, Electress and Duchess Dowager of Hanover, and the Issue of her Body' from 1705. This Act was repealed in 1948 and is no longer in force, but that was after her birth.
Namesake and christening
She was named after the marguerite, the flower worn during the war as a symbol of the resistance to Nazi Germany. (See also the book When Canada Was Home, the Story of Dutch Princess Margriet, by Albert VanderMey, Vanderheide.)
Princess Margriet was christened at St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Ottawa, on 29 June 1943. Her godparents included the President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt, Queen Mary of the United Kingdom, The Crown Princess Märtha of Norway, Martine Roell (who was a Lady-in-Waiting to Princess Juliana in Canada) and The Dutch Merchant Fleet.
After the war
It was not until August 1945, when the Netherlands had been liberated, that Princess Margriet first set foot on Dutch soil. Princess Juliana and Prince Bernhard returned to Soestdijk Palace in Baarn, where the family had lived before the war.
It was while she was studying at Leiden University that Princess Margriet met her future husband, Pieter van Vollenhoven. Their engagement was announced on 10 March 1965, and they were married on 10 January 1967 in The Hague. It was decreed that any children from the marriage would be styled HH Prince/Princess of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven, titles that would not be held by their descendants.
Reference style Her Royal Highness Spoken style Your Royal Highness Alternative style Ma'am
Princess Margriet and Pieter van Vollenhoven have four sons:
- Prince Maurits (born 17 April 1968) m. Marilène van den Broek (b. 4 February 1970) on 29 May 1998. They have three children:
- Anastasia (Anna) Margriet Joséphine van Lippe-Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven (b. 15 April 2001)
- Lucas Maurits Pieter Henri van Lippe-Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven (b. 26 October 2002)
- Felicia Juliana Benedicte Barbara van Lippe-Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven (b. 31 May 2005)
- Prince Bernhard (b. 25 December 1969) m. Annette Sekrève (b. 18 April 1972) on 6 July 2000. They have three children:
- Isabella Lily Juliana van Vollenhoven (b. 14 May 2002)
- Samuel Bernhard Louis van Vollenhoven (b. 25 May 2004)
- Benjamin Pieter Floris van Vollenhoven (b. 12 March 2008)
- Prince Pieter-Christiaan (b. 22 March 1972) m. Anita van Eijk (b. 27 October 1969) on 25 August 2005. They have two children:
- Emma Francisca Catharina van Vollenhoven (b. 28 November 2006)
- Pieter Anton Maurits Erik van Vollenhoven (b. 19 November 2008)
- Prince Floris (b. 10 April 1975) m. Aimée Söhngen (b. 19 October 1977) on 20 October 2005. They have two children:
- Magali Margriet Eleonoor van Vollenhoven (b. 9 October 2007)
- Eliane Sophia Carolina van Vollenhoven (b. 5 July 2009)
Upon the marriage of Prince Maurits to Marie-Helene van den Broek in 1998, it was announced that the couple's children would bear the surname Van Lippe-Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven. The children of Prince Bernhard, Prince Pieter-Christiaan and Prince Floris will be known by the surname Van Vollenhoven.
Since neither Prince Pieter-Christiaan nor Prince Floris applied for Parliamentary approval for their marriages, as required in the Netherlands, they lost their place in the succession when they married.
Style, titles and names
- Her Royal Highness Princess Margriet of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld (1943–1967)
- Her Royal Highness Princess Margriet of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld, Mrs van Vollenhoven (1967–present)
Ancestors of Princess Margriet of the Netherlands 16. Julius, Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld 8. Ernest II, Count of Lippe-Biesterfeld 17. Countess Adelheid of Castell-Castell 4. Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld 18. Count Leopold of Wartensleben 9. Countess Caroline of Wartensleben 19. Mathilde Halbach 2. Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld 20. Adolf of Cramm 10. Baron Aschwin of Sierstorpff-Cramm 21. Hedwig of Cramm 5. Armgard of Sierstorpff-Cramm 22. Count Ernst of Sierstorpff-Driburg 11. Baroness Hedwig of Sierstorpff-Driburg 23. Baroness Karoline von Vincke 1. Princess Margriet of the Netherlands 24. Paul Frederick, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 12. Frederick Francis II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 25. Princess Alexandrine of Prussia 6. Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 26. Prince Adolph of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt 13. Princess Marie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt 27. Princess Mathilde of Schonburg-Waldenburg 3. Juliana of the Netherlands 28. William II of the Netherlands 14. William III of the Netherlands 29. Grand Duchess Anna Pavlovna of Russia 7. Wilhelmina of the Netherlands 30. George Victor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont 15. Princess Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont 31. Princess Helena of Nassau
Princess Margriet of the NetherlandsCadet branch of the House of LippeBorn: 19 January 1943
- Royal House of the Netherlands
- CBC Archives – A look at Princess Margriet's birth in Ottawa (from 1992).
Dutch royalty Preceded by
Line of succession to the Dutch Throne
British royalty Preceded by
Countess Leonore of Orange-Nassau
Line of succession to the British throne Succeeded by
Lucas van Vollenhoven van Lippe-Biesterfeld
1st Generation 2nd Generation 3rd Generation 4th Generation 5th Generation 6th Generationnone 7th Generation
- HRH The Prince of Orange *
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Princess Christina of the Netherlands — Princess Christina Princess Christina of the Netherlands Spouse Jorge Pérez y Guillermo (m. 1975; div. 1996) Issue Bernardo Guillermor />Nicolás Guillermo Juliana Guillermo Full name Maria Christina Father … Wikipedia
Princess Máxima of the Netherlands — Princess Máxima Princess Máxima in Amsterdam, Autumn 2003 Spouse Willem Alexander, Prince of Orange Issue Catharina Amalia, Hereditary Princess of Orange … Wikipedia
Princess Marie of the Netherlands — Princess of Wied Marie, Princess of Wied Spouse William, Prince of Wied Issue William Frederick, Pr … Wikipedia
Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands — Prince Constantijn Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands (more) Prince Constantijn (in the middle) together with his wife Princess Lauren … Wikipedia
Monarchy of the Netherlands — Monarch of Kingdom of the Netherlands Monarchy Federal … Wikipedia
List of people on stamps of the Netherlands — This is a list of people on stamps of the Netherlands.A* Tobias Michael Carel Asser, jurist (1991)B* Willem Barents, explorer (1996) * Beatrix of the Netherlands, queen (1946, 1980, 1981 6, 1990, 1991 5, 2001) * Nicolaas Beets, theoligan writer… … Wikipedia
Juliana of the Netherlands — For the airport of the same name, see Princess Juliana International Airport. Juliana Juliana in 1963 Queen of the Netherlands Reign … Wikipedia
Beatrix of the Netherlands — Beatrix Queen Beatrix in 2008 Queen of the Netherlands Reign 30 April 1980 – present Predecessor … Wikipedia
History of the Netherlands — This article is part of a series Early History … Wikipedia
Princess Marilène of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven — Princess Marilène Princess Marilène of Orange Nassau, van Vollenhoven Spouse Prince Maurits Issue Anastasia van Lippe Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven Lucas van Lippe Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven Felicia van Lippe Biesterfeld van Vollenhoven Full name… … Wikipedia