DIMM

Two types of DIMMs: a 168-pin SDRAM module (top) and a 184-pin DDR SDRAM module (bottom). Note that the SDRAM module has two notches on the bottom edge, while the DDR1 SDRAM module has only one. Also note that both modules have 8 RAM chips, but the lower one has an unoccupied space for a 9th.
3 SDRAM DIMM slots

A DIMM or dual in-line memory module, comprises a series of dynamic random-access memory integrated circuits. These modules are mounted on a printed circuit board and designed for use in personal computers, workstations and servers. DIMMs began to replace SIMMs (single in-line memory modules) as the predominant type of memory module as Intel P5-based Pentium processors began to gain market share.

The main difference between SIMMs and DIMMs is that DIMMs have separate electrical contacts on each side of the module, while the contacts on SIMMs on both sides are redundant. Another difference is that standard SIMMs have a 32-bit data path, while standard DIMMs have a 64-bit data path. Since Intel's Pentium has (as do several other processors) a 64-bit bus width, it requires SIMMs installed in matched pairs in order to complete the data bus. The processor would then access the two SIMMs simultaneously. DIMMs were introduced to eliminate this practice.

The most common types of DIMMs are:

  • 72-pin SO-DIMM (not the same as a 72-pin SIMM), used for FPM DRAM and EDO DRAM
  • 100-pin DIMM, used for printer SDRAM
  • 144-pin SO-DIMM, used for SDR SDRAM
  • 168-pin DIMM, used for SDR SDRAM (less frequently for FPM/EDO DRAM in workstations/servers)
  • 172-pin MicroDIMM, used for DDR SDRAM
  • 184-pin DIMM, used for DDR SDRAM
  • 200-pin SO-DIMM, used for DDR SDRAM and DDR2 SDRAM
  • 204-pin SO-DIMM, used for DDR3 SDRAM
  • 214-pin MicroDIMM, used for DDR2 SDRAM
  • 240-pin DIMM, used for DDR2 SDRAM, DDR3 SDRAM and FB-DIMM DRAM
  • 244-pin MiniDIMM, used for DDR2 SDRAM

Contents

168-pin SDRAM

On the bottom edge of 168-pin DIMMs there are 2 notches, and the location of each notch determines a particular feature of the module.

  • The first notch is DRAM key position. It represents RFU (reserved future use), registered, and unbuffered (in that order from left to middle to right position).
  • The second notch is voltage key position. It represents 5.0V, 3.3V, and Reserved (order as above).
  • The upper DIMM in the (topmost) photo is an unbuffered 3.3V 168-pin DIMM. DIMM slots support also DDR1, 2, 3 RAM.
Notch position between DDR and DDR2

DDR DIMMs

DDR, DDR2 and DDR3 all have a different pin-counts, and different notch positions.

SPD EPROM

A DIMM's capacity and timing parameters may be identified with serial presence detect (SPD), an additional chip which contains information about the module type and timing for the memory controller to be configured correctly.

Error correction

ECC DIMMs are those that have extra data bits which can be used by the system memory controller to detect and correct errors. There are numerous ECC schemes, but perhaps the most common is Single Error Correct, Double Error Detect (SECDED) which uses an extra byte per 64-bit word. ECC modules usually carry a multiple of 9 instead of a multiple of 8 chips.

Ranking

Sometimes memory modules are designed with two or more independent sets of DRAM chips connected to the same address and data buses; each such set is called a rank. Since all ranks share the same buses, only one rank may be accessed at any given time; it is specified by activating the corresponding rank's chip select (CS) signal. All other ranks are deactivated for the duration of the operation by having their corresponding CS signals deactivated. DIMMs are currently being commonly manufactured with up to four ranks per module. Consumer DIMM vendors have recently begun to distinguish between single and dual ranked DIMMs.

DIMMs are often referred to as "single-sided" or "double-sided" to describe whether the DRAM chips are located on one or both sides of the module's printed circuit board (PCB). However, these terms may cause confusion, as the physical layout of the chips does not necessarily relate to how they are logically organized or accessed.

JEDEC decided that the terms "dual-sided," "double-sided," or "dual-banked" were not correct when applied to registered DIMMs.

Organization

Most DIMMs are built using "×4" (by 4) memory chips or "×8" (by 8) memory chips with 9 chips per side. "×4" or "×8" refer to the data width of the DRAM chips in bits.

In the case of the "×4"-registered DIMMs, the data width per side is 36 bits; therefore, the memory controller (which requires 72 bits) needs to address both sides at the same time to read or write the data it needs. In this case, the two-sided module is single-ranked.

For "×8"-registered DIMMs, each side is 72 bits wide, so the memory controller only addresses one side at a time (the two-sided module is dual-ranked).

Speeds

For various technologies, there are certain bus and device clock frequencies that are standardized. There is also a decided nomenclature for each of these speeds for each type.

SDR SDRAM DIMMs - These first synchronous registered DRAM DIMMs had the same bus frequency for data, address and control lines.

  • PC66 = 66 MHz
  • PC100 = 100 MHz
  • PC133 = 133 MHz

DDR SDRAM (DDR1) DIMMs - DIMMs based on Double Data Rate (DDR) DRAM have data but not the strobe at double the rate of the clock. This is achieved by clocking on both the rising and falling edge of the data strobes.

  • PC1600 = 200 MHz data & strobe / 100 MHz clock for address and control
  • PC2100 = 266 MHz data & strobe / 133 MHz clock for address and control
  • PC2700 = 333 MHz data & strobe / 166 MHz clock for address and control
  • PC3200 = 400 MHz data & strobe / 200 MHz clock for address and control

DDR2 SDRAM DIMMs - DIMMs based on Double Data Rate 2 (DDR2) DRAM also have data and data strobe frequencies at double the rate of the clock. This is achieved by clocking on both the rising and falling edge of the data strobes. The power consumption and voltage of DDR2 is significantly lower than DDR(1) at the same speed.

  • PC2-3200 = 400 MHz data & strobe / 200 MHz clock for address and control
  • PC2-4200 = 533 MHz data & strobe / 266 MHz clock for address and control
  • PC2-5300 = 667 MHz data & strobe / 333 MHz clock for address and control
  • PC2-6400 = 800 MHz data & strobe / 400 MHz clock for address and control
  • PC2-8000 = 1000 MHz data & strobe / 500 MHz clock for address and control
  • PC2-8500 = 1066 MHz data & strobe / 533 MHz clock for address and control
  • PC2-9600 = 1200 MHz data & strobe / 600 MHz clock for address and control

DDR3 SDRAM DIMMs - DIMMs based on Double Data Rate 3(DDR3) DRAM have data and strobe frequencies at double the rate of the clock. This is achieved by clocking on both the rising and falling edge of the data strobes. The power consumption and voltage of DDR3 is lower than DDR2 of the same speed.

  • PC3-6400 = 800 MHz data & strobe / 400 MHz clock for address and control
  • PC3-8500 = 1066 MHz data & strobe / 533 MHz clock for address and control
  • PC3-10600 = 1333 MHz data & strobe / 667 MHz clock for address and control
  • PC3-12800 = 1600 MHz data & strobe / 800 MHz clock for address and control
  • PC3-16000 = 2000 MHz data & strobe / 1000 MHz clock for address and control

Form factors

Several form factors are commonly used in DIMMs. Single Data Rate (SDR) SDRAM DIMMs commonly came in two main heights: 1.7-inch and 1.5-inch. When 1U rackmount servers started becoming popular, these form factor Registered DIMMs had to plug into angled DIMM sockets to fit in the 1.75" high box. To alleviate this issue, the next standards of DDR DIMMs were created with a "Low Profile" (LP) height of ~1.2". These fit into vertical DIMM sockets for a 1U platform. With the advent of blade servers, the LP form factor DIMMs have once again been often angled to fit in these space-constrained boxes. This led to the development of the Very Low Profile (VLP) form factor DIMM with a height of ~.72" (18.3 mm). The DDR3 JEDEC standard for VLP DIMM height is 18.75mm. These will fit vertically in ATCA systems. Other DIMM form factors include the SO-DIMM, the Mini-DIMM and the VLP Mini-DIMM.

See also

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • DIMM — son las siglas de «Dual In line Memory Module» y que podemos traducir como Módulo de Memoria de Doble línea. Las memorias DIMM comenzaron a reemplazar a las SIMMs como el tipo predominante de memoria cuando los microprocesadores Intel Pentium… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • DIMM —   [Abk. für Dual Inline Memory Module, dt. »Speichermodul mit doppelter (Kontakt)reihe«] das, kleine Platine mit Speicher Chips (RAM) sowie mit zwei Kontaktreihen zu je 84 Kontakten auf der Vorder und der Rückseite, insgesamt also 168. Das DIMM… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • DIMM — abbr. Computer Science. dual in line memory module. * * * …   Universalium

  • DIMM — UK US noun [C] IT ► ABBREVIATION for dual in line memory module: an electronic part that is used to give a computer more memory …   Financial and business terms

  • DIMM — (dual in line memory module) printed circuit board that contains groups of random access memory chips (RAM) that connect to the mother board of computers using a 64 bit channel …   English contemporary dictionary

  • DIMM — (computing) abbrev Dual In line Memory Module, a plug in board able to carry large amounts of memory chips …   Useful english dictionary

  • DIMM — модуль DIMM (память DDR SDRAM) …   Википедия

  • DIMM — Módulos de memoria en formato DIMM (dos módulos SDRAM PC133). DIMM son las siglas de «Dual In line Memory Module» y que podemos traducir como Módulo de Memoria en línea doble. Son módulos de memoria RAM utilizados en ordenadores personales. Se… …   Wikipedia Español

  • DIMM — Als Dual Inline Memory Module (DIMM) (engl. etwa doppelreihiger Speicherbaustein) werden Speichermodule für den Arbeitsspeicher von Computern bezeichnet. Im Gegensatz zu Single Inline Memory Modulen (SIMM) führen DIMMs auf den Anschlusskontakten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DIMM — Dual Inline Memory Module Barette mémoire au format DIMM Le DIMM (pour Dual Inline Memory Module) est un format de barrette mémoire vive qui fut utilisé sur les ordinateurs à la suite du format SIMM. Ce format est exploité par les mémoires SDRAM… …   Wikipédia en Français

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