HMS Terror (I03)
The "Erebus" class monitors were of 7,200
BRTdisplacement, 405 feet long, with a maximum speed of 12 knots produced by reciprocating engineswith two shafts, and a crew of 315. The ship's armament consisted of two 15-inch main guns in a single forward turret, eight secondary 4-inch guns in eight single turrets, two 3-inch anti-aircraft guns in single turrets, as well as eight .50 inch anti-aircraft Vickers machine guns in two quadruplemounts. The class mostly served in the Naval Gunfire Support(NGS) role.
World War I service
"Terror" joined the
Dover Patrolin August 1916 and operated against German forces on the coast of occupied Belgium. On 19 October 1917 she was torpedoed by German motor torpedo boats off Dunkirk. There were no casulties and the ship was beached before being towed back to Portsmouth. The damage took three months to repair. In April 1918 HMS "Terror" was in the Long Range Bombardment force for Zeebrugge raid with monitor her sister ship HMS "Erebus" and destroyers Termanent, Truculent, and Manly. On Friday 27 September 1918 HMS "Terror" along with her sister ship HMS "Erebus" provided gunnery support for the Fourth Battle of Ypres. In the early 1920s she was used for gunnery trials against several old warships including SMS "Baden" and HMS "Superb"Fact|date=October 2007
World War II service
At the outbreak of war in 1939 "Terror" was based at
Singapore, supporting the defences of the major naval base there, and had to be recalled to serve in theatres closer to home. [Roberts 2000: 138] She mainly served in the Mediterranean Theatre during World War II. After first using her anti-aircraft armament to help defend Malta against the first Italian Regia Aeronauticaair attacks on 11 June 1940, HMS "Terror" played an important part in Operation Compass, the British assault against the Italian Tenth Army in Libya.
During the successful advance by the
Western Desert Force(later to become the 8th Army " Desert Rats") "Terror" bombarded Italian land forces and fortifications, amongst others the fortified port of Bardiain eastern Libya, firing 660 rounds from her main guns. The ship also served as a water carrier for the advancing British and Commonwealth army.
HMS "Terror" was subjected to diving attacks by German
Junkers Ju 88bombers on 22 February 1941after leaving Benghazi. She was badly damaged by near misses and abandoned by her crew. Although taken under tow, she sank off Darnah, Libyabefore reaching the Royal Navy's Mediterranean Fleet base at Alexandria, Egypt.
* Roberts, John: "British Warships of the Second World War", Chatham Publishing, London 2000 ISBN 1-86176-131-7
* [http://uboat.net/allies/warships/ship/5460.html. Uboat.net - HMS "Terror"]
* [http://navalhistory.flixco.info/H/157598/8330/a0.htm navalhistory.flixco.info - HMS "Terror"]
* Bob's Ship Collection: [http://rasputin.physics.uiuc.edu/%7Ewiringa/Ships/Period2/GreatBritain/Terror.html HMS "Terror"]
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HMS Terror (I03) — Para otros buques con el mismo nombre, véase HMS Terror. HMS Terror El monitor HMS Terror alrededor de 1933. Banderas … Wikipedia Español
Terror (desambiguación) — El término terror puede referirse a: Terror. Sentimiento de miedo muy intenso. Terror nocturno o terror del sueño. Trastorno del sueño provocado por un despertar brusco con manifestaciones de tener miedo intenso. Se suele dar con mayor frecuencia … Wikipedia Español
Erebus class monitor — The Erebus class of monitors of the Royal Navy consisted of two ships: HMS Erebus and HMS Terror . * HMS Erebus (I02) was built by Harland and Wolff, Govan. She was laid down 12 October 1915, launched on 19 June 1916 and commissioned in September … Wikipedia
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