Stranraer

infobox UK place
country = Scotland
official_name=Stranraer
gaelic_name=An t-Sròn Reamhar
scots_name=
population=10,851 (2001 Census)
os_grid_reference=NX055605
map_type=
latitude=54.84504
longitude=-5.12429
unitary_scotland=Dumfries and Galloway
lieutenancy_scotland=Wigtown
constituency_westminster=Dumfries and Galloway
constituency_scottish_parliament=Galloway and Upper Nithsdale
post_town=Stranraer
postcode_district =DG9
postcode_area=DG
dial_code=01776
static_

static_image_caption=Stranraer, as viewed from Gallowhill

Stranraer (Gaelic: "An t-Sròn Reamhar", pronounced|ən̴̪ t̪ɾɔːn ɾãũ.əɾ) is a town in the south of Scotland in the west of the region of Dumfries and Galloway and in the county of Wigtownshire.

Stranraer lies on the shores of Loch Ryan on the northern side of the isthmus joining the Rhins of Galloway to the mainland. The name is generally believed to come from the Scottish Gaelic "An t-Sròn Reamhar" meaning literally "The Fat Nose", but which more prosaically might be rendered as "the broad headland" - although another interpretation would connect the second element in the name with "Rerigonium", a settlement anciently noted by Ptolemy in this part of Britain.

Stranraer is an administrative centre for the West Galloway (Wigtownshire) area of Dumfries and Galloway. It is best known as a ferry port connecting Scotland with Belfast in Northern Ireland.

History

Stranraer became a burgh of barony in 1596 and a royal burgh in 1617. By 1600, it had become the market town for western Wigtownshire. At about this time Stranraer was reached by a military road built from Dumfries to allow easier access to Portpatrick for transportation to Ireland.

The first harbour in Stranraer was built in the mid 1700s, with further port development in the 1820s. The arrival of the railway from Dumfries in 1861 finally established Stranraer as the area's main port. In 1862, the line was extended to serve the harbour directly, and a link to Portpatrick was also opened. Some time later, a rail connection north to Girvan was established.

Stranraer remained the main Scottish port for the Irish ferries for the next 150 years or so. On 31 January 1953, 133 people died when the "Princess Victoria" sank near Belfast Lough after its car deck was swamped by heavy seas.

Stranraer and its surrounding area saw a significant amount of activity during the Second World War, as it became a focus for anti U-boat work. Flying boats operated from the area in an attempt to secure the waters of the North Channel and the south western coast of Scotland. Almost all Britain's shipping imports passed through those two sea areas en-route to the Clyde or the Mersey. Indeed, the flying boat "Supermarine Stranraer" is named after the town. Winston Churchill himself departed from Stranraer in a Boeing Flying Boat on the night of the 25 June 1942, when making his second visit of the war to the USA. Churchill also spent time at nearby Knockinaam Lodge during the war years.

Stranraer has an active [http://stranraerhistory.org.uk/index.htm local history trust] which publishes work on the area's history commissioned from local authors.

Historic buildings

The Castle of St. John is a medieval tower house, built around 1500 by the Adairs of Kilhilt. It has been used as a home, a court, a prison, and a military garrison, the latter during the Killing Times in the 1680s.clr

Stranraer Today

Stranraer is best known as a ferry port connecting Scotland with Belfast (and previously with Larne) in Northern Ireland. In 2003 Stena Line announced plans to transfer its operations to a new port at Old House Point, north of Cairnryan, sharing with P&O. However, this plan was later scrapped due to increasing costs, securing Stranraer's future as a ferry port for the time being. [cite web
last = BBC News
title = Ferry firms scrap harbour plans
date = 2007-10-22
url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/scotland/south_of_scotland/7056213.stm
accessdate = 2008-01-27
]

However Stena Line announced on 5th June, 2008 that it was to transfer it operations to its own new port at Old House Point. Stena Line stated that the operations will be separate to that of P&O.

A person from Stranraer is referred to as a Clayeholer (kleɪ'həʊl-ə).

The Old Town Hall, built in 1776, now houses Stranraer Museum with its displays of Victorian Wigtownshire and the town's polar explorers, Sir John Ross and his nephew James Clark Ross.

Stranraer is Dumfries and Galloway's second largest town (or as locals call it, 'toon/the toon') with a population including the surrounding area of nearly 13,000+ compared to that of the next town Annan (nearly 8,000). It is currently undergoing redevelopment in the South Central Area (known as Dick's Hill, Ochtrelure and the southern part of Liddesdale Road area into the Gallow Hill).

Areas of Stranraer

Areas of Stranraer include:
*Stranraer Town
*West End
*Dick's Hill
*Ochtrelure
*Sheuchan Parks / Liddesdale
*Stair

Outer-Areas of Stranraer

*Inchparks
*Innermessan
*Sulseat
*Culhorn
*Sandmill
*Auchtrelure
*Gallowhill
*Blackparks

Industry

The main industries in the area are the ferry port, with associated industries, tourism and more tradiotnally farming. The [http://www.caledonian-cheese.co.uk/docs/html/_aboutus.html/ Caledonian Cheese Company] (owned by Lactalis [http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lactalis] ) operates a large creamery in the town which supports a large number of jobs. Stranraer is the home to [http://www.caledonian-cheese.co.uk/docs/html/_products.html Seriously Strong Cheese] .

Media

Local newspaper the Stranraer and Wigtownshire Free Press is based and printed in the town's St Andrews Street. The [http://www.gallowaygazette.co.uk/ Galloway Gazette] also covers the town and surrounding area. Stranraer falls in the ITV Border Scotland area. The nearest radio station is based in Dumfries, South West Sound broadcasts at 96.5FM in the town [ [http://www.southwestsound.co.uk/ South West Sound FM (SWS) ] ] .

port

The town is the home of Stranraer F.C., the local semi-professional football team who play at Stair Park. They currently play in the Scottish Second Division after being promoted due to Gretna's demotion to the Third Division. Stair Park is also home to Stranraer FC reserve team who play in the South of Scotland League. Another local football team, Stranraer Athletic also compete in the South of Scotland league, and the venue for their home matches is on the playing fields in the grounds of the local secondary school, Stranraer Academy.

The rugby team Wigtownshire RFC are based in the town and are currently in West League Division 2. They play at London Road Playing Fields, just opposite Stair Park.

Also at Stair Park are BMX and skateboarding ramps [http://rpu.dumgal.gov.uk/xpedio/groups/public/documents/agenda/012823.pdf Item 6] , and all weather tennis and netball courts. The town also has a swimming pool (with flumes), fitness suite, gymnasium and large sports hall at the council run Ryan Leisure Centre [ [http://www.dumgal.gov.uk/dumgal/MiniWeb.aspx?id=201&menuid=3257&openid=3257 MiniWeb: Ryan Centre - Introduction ] ] , as well as many other football fields, parks and All Weather Multi Purpose pitches.

Transport

Apart from the Stena Line ferry port linking the town to Belfast, the town's Stranraer railway station is also the Southern terminus for one of the branch lines of the Glasgow South Western Line. Trains are provided by First ScotRail daily to Ayr, Glasgow, and Newcastle.The main national coach providers operate services from Stranraer. National Express offer a service to London, and Scottish Citylink (in association with Ulsterbus) operate services (which connect with HSS Sailings) to Edinburgh.

Local transport in and around the town is provided by Stagecoach Western [ [http://www.stagecoachbus.com/western/ West Scotland - Home ] ] , and three locally based companies [http://www.kingscoachhire.com/bus-services.htm James King Coaches] , [http://www.carlberry.co.uk/rfnshowo.asp?O=IRVINE Irvine] and [http://www.carlberry.co.uk/rfnshowo.asp?O=MCCULL McCulloch's Coaches] .

Education

Stranraer has five primary schools:
*Belmont
*Park
*Rephad
*St. Joseph’s
*Sheuchan

The town has one secondary school, Stranraer Academy. The 'Academy', as it is referred to, is a comprehensive school consisting of two 1960's modernist buildings and one ultra modern. The New Building has excellent physical education facilities. The school has around 1100 pupils, 90 members of staff and serves both the town itself and the surrounding villages and rural populations.

Stranraer has no private education institutions.

Dumfries and Galloway College have a campus in the town, at what used to be the site of Stranraer Academy. In 1990 the John Niven Further Education College was built on Academy Street in the town, it has since been absorbed into the Dumfries and Galloway College.

Healthcare

NHS Dumfries and Galloway provides healthcare services in the town. The Galloway Community Hospital opened in 2006 and replaced the Garrick and Dalrymple hospitals of the town. GP services are based in the [http://www.waverleymedicalcentre.org/ Waverly Medical Centre] , adjacent to the new hospital.

The town has several care homes for the elderly, the biggest being Thorneycroft on the edges of the town which is run by the CIC company [ [http://www.c-i-c.co.uk/care_home.asp?PageTypeID=29&PageObjectID=457 Care Homes - Thorneycroft ] ] .

References to Stranraer in Popular Culture

*A reference to Stranraer is made in the song "Cap In Hand" by The Proclaimers, in which they say "I can understand why Stranraer lie so lowly, they could save a lot of points by signing Hibs goalie." A reference to goalkeeper Andy Goram, and to Stranraer F.C's poor league position at the time the song was written [ [http://www.gettherhythm.com/p/proclaimers/cap_in_hand.html Cap In Hand Lyrics by Proclaimers ] ] .
*In the 4th episode of the BBC Radio 4 series Knowing Me, Knowing You... with Alan Partridge, one of the guests was the "Duchess of Stranraer" [ [http://www.bbc.co.uk/comedy/partridge/life/kmky_radio4.shtml BBC - Knowing Me Knowing You with Alan Partridge - The Radio Series ] ] . No such title does exist.
*Stranraer has also featured in Peter Kay's Channel 4 Phoenix Nights series, albeit only by name. Alan is said to be stuck in Stranraer with his lorry and not at the club [ [http://www.channel4.com/entertainment/tv/microsites/P/phoenix_nights/episode_guide/s1/episode_1.html Phoenix Nights ] ] .

Tourism

Local tourist attractions include:
*Ardwell Gardens
*Castle of St John
*Castle Kennedy Gardens - a 75 acre garden between 2 lochs noted for its rhododendrons, azaleas and embothriums in the grounds of Lochinch Castle, the seat of the Earls of Stair
*Glenluce Abbey - a 12th century Cistercian monastery
*Glenwhan Gardens - a 12 acre garden near Dunragit
*Logan Botanic Garden, near Port Logan village, one of the four sites of the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh
*Mull of Galloway - the most southerly point of Scotland with a lighthouse, visitor centre and RSPB bird reserve
*Portpatrick
*Southern Upland Way - a convert|212|mi|km|sing=on long distance path between Portpatrick and Cockburnspath
*Stranraer Museum
*Whithorn - with its relics of St Ninian
*Wigtown - Scotland's national book town

Famous people associated with Stranraer

*David Broadfoot, hero of the 1953 "Princess Victoria" sinking
*Sir James Caird, agricultural writer and politician
* Colin Calderwood, footballer
*Alan Clements, television producer and co-founder of Wark-Clements
*John Dalrymple, 1st Earl of Stair - sat as MP for the Burgh of Stranraer in the 1689 Convention Parliament
*Leander Starr Jameson, leader of the Jameson Raid, a precursor of the Second Boer War, and Prime Minister of the Cape Colony. Also Editor of the "Wigtownshire Free Press".
*Robert William Jameson, author, Editor of the "Wigtownshire Free Press", and father of Leander Starr Jameson
*Sir John Noble Kennedy, army officer, author and colonial governor
*William King, author of e.g. the Slayer novels and the Space Wolves books, favoured by tabletop gamers.
*Kevin Kyle, footballer
*Allan Little, BBC foreign correspondent
*John Claudius Loudon, landscape gardener and horticultural writer, who laid out the grounds at Castle Kennedy in 1841
*William Hunter McFadzean, Baron McFadzean, industrialist and President of the Federation of British Industries
*Alexander McGaw, bridge-builder, and builder of the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor
*Hammy McMillan World Curling Champion 1999
*Henry Mavor, electrical engineer and co-founder of a successful company in Glasgow which was involved in early public lighting projects, and the design of electric maritime engines. He was the father of playwright James Bridie (O.H. Mavor).
*James Mavor, economist, economic historian and Professor of Political Economy and Constitutional History at the University of Toronto
*John Rennie, naval architect
*Sir John Ross, polar explorer
*Peter Wilson, World Junior Curling champion 1981

References

* Ordnance Survey Landranger Map (number 82) - 1:50,000 scale (1.25 inches to 1 mile).


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stranraer — Koordinaten 54° 54′ N, 5° 2′ W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stranraer FC — Stranraer Football Club Stranraer FC Généralités Nom complet …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stranraer — Stranraer …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stranraer —    STRANRAER, a royal burgh, a sea port, and parish, in the county of Wigton, 6¼ miles (N. E. by N.) from Portpatrick, and 50 (S. S. W.) from Ayr; containing 3440 inhabitants. This place, the name of which, of Gaelic origin, is supposed to be… …   A Topographical dictionary of Scotland

  • Stranraer — (spr. ßtrănrár), Hafenstadt (royal burgh) in Wigtownshire (Schottland), im Hintergrund von Loch Ryan, mit Austern und Heringsfischerei, Brauerei, Mühlen und (1901) 6009 Einw. Eine Dampferlinie verbindet S. mit Belfast …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Stranraer — (spr. strännráhr), Stadt in der schott. Grafsch. Wigtown, am Loch Ryan, (1901) 6009 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Stranraer —   [stræn rɑːə], Hafenstadt im Verwaltungsdistrikt Dumfries and Galloway, Südwestschottland, am Südende der Bucht Loch Ryan, 10 700 Einwohner; Fischerei; Fährverkehr (64 km) über den Nordkanal nach Larne in Nordirland.   …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Stranraer F.C. — Infobox Football club clubname = Stranraer fullname = Stranraer Football Club nickname = The Blues or The Clayholers founded = 1870 ground = Stair Park, Stranraer, Scotland capacity = 5,600 chairman = flagicon|Scotland Nigel Redhead manager =… …   Wikipedia

  • Stranraer F.C. — FC Stranraer Voller Name Stranraer Football Club Gegründet 1870 Stadion Stair Park, Stranraer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stranraer FC — FC Stranraer Voller Name Stranraer Football Club Gegründet 1870 Stadion Stair Park, Stranraer …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.