- T2 tanker
The T2 tanker, or T2, was an oil tanker constructed and produced in large quantities in the
United Statesduring World War II. The largest "navy oilers" at the time, nearly 500 of them were built between 1940 and the end of 1945.
Standard T2s were 501 feet 6 inches in total length, with a beam of 68 feet. Rated at 9,900 tons gross (GRT), with DWT|15,850|long|first=yes, standard T2s displaced about 21,100 tons.
Steam turbinesdriving a single propellerat 12,000 shaft horsepowerdelivered a top speed of 15 knots. Six were built for commerceby Bethlehem-Sparrows Point Shipyard in Maryland, only to be taken over by the United States Navyfollowing the attack on Pearl Harbor.
The T2-A type tanker was an early design variation. Bigger but faster, they were 526 feet in total length, displaced about 22,445 tons, and were rated at 10,600 tons gross with DWT|16,300 -- yet they attained a top speed approaching 16½ knots.
By far the most common variety of the T2-type tanker was the T2-SE-A1, another commercial design already being built in 1940 by the Sun Shipbuilding Company for
Standard Oil Companyof New Jersey. They were 523 feet long, 68 feet abeam, with GRT|10,448|first=yes and DWT|16,613. Their turbo-electricpropulsion system delivered 6,000 shaft horsepower, with maximum thrustof 7,240 horsepower, which produced a top-rated speed of about 15 knots with a cruising rangeof up to 12,600 miles. After Pearl Harbor, the United States Maritime Commissionordered this model built "en masse" to supply U.S. warshipsalready in accelerated production. 481 were built in extremely short production times by the Alabama Drydock and Shipbuilding Companyof Mobile, Alabama, the Kaiser Company at their Swan Island Yardat Portland, Oregon, the Marinship Corp. of Sausalito, Californiaand the Sun Shipbuilding and Drydock Companyof Chester, Pennsylvania. During that period, average production time from laying of the keelto "fitting out" was 70 days. The record, however, was held by Marinship, which had the SS "Huntington Hills" ready for sea trials in just 33 days.
The T2-SE-A2 variation, built only by Marinship of Suasalito, was nearly identical to the T2-SE-A1 version, only with maximum thrust of 10,000 horsepower rather than the former’s 7,240.
* [http://select.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=FA0711F83D54107B93CAA81788D85F478485F9 Ship Failure Laid to Steel, Welding] New York Times, March 18, 1943
List of Type T2 Tanker names
Type C1 ship
Type C2 ship
SS Marine Sulphur QueenT2 tanker, lost in the Bermuda Triangle
* [http://www.t2tanker.org/ The T2 Tanker page]
* [http://t2tanker.piranho.de/index.htm T2 tanker page with extensive list of ships and their fate]
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