The Atlanta Crackers (distinct from the
Atlanta Black Crackers) were minor league baseballteams based in Atlanta, Georgiabetween 1901 and 1965. The Crackers were Atlanta's home team until the Atlanta Bravesmoved from Milwaukee in 1966. [http://www.geocities.com/big_bunko/total.htm]
For sixty years (until 1961), the Crackers were part of the Class AA
Southern Association, a period during which they won more games than any other Association team, earning the nickname the "Yankees of the Minors"http://www.atlantacracker.com/team.htm] . In 1962, after the Association disbanded [http://dev.ngerr.gsu.edu/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-838 New Georgia Encyclopedia: Minor League Baseball ] ] , a Class AAA International Leagueteam moved to Atlanta and adopted the name "Crackers."
The Crackers played in
Ponce de Leon Parkfrom 1907 until a fire on September 9, 1923destroyed the all-wood stadium [ [http://dev.ngerr.gsu.edu/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2475 New Georgia Encyclopedia: Ponce de Leon Ballpark ] ] . Spiller Field (a stadium later also called Ponce de Leon Park), became their home starting in the 1924 season; it was named in honor of a wealthy businessman who paid for the new concrete-and-steel stadiumhttp://www.atlantacracker.com/stadium.htm] . That new park was unusual because it was constructed around a magnoliatree that became part of the outfield. Balls landing in the tree remained in play, until Earl Manntook over the team in 1947 and had the outfield wall moved in about fifty feet [ [http://www.ajc.com/living/content/living/0403/25tree.html Tree stands as link to city's baseball roots] , an April 25, 2003 article from " The Atlanta Journal-Constitution"] . The Crackers played their last season in the newly-built Atlanta Stadium (later known as Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium) .
The Crackers were independent of major league
farm systems until 1950. In their final decade and a half, they were affiliated with the Braves of both Boston and Milwaukee (1950-58), the Los Angeles Dodgers(1959-61), St. Louis Cardinals(1962-63), Minnesota Twins(1964), and, in their final season as the Crackers, they were the top farm team of the big-league Atlanta Braves, playing a lame-duck season in Milwaukee under court order. This team now plays in Richmond, Virginiain the International League as the Braves' Class AAA farm team, the Richmond Braves. However, plans are underway for the Richmond Braves to move to Buford, Georgia(northeast of Atlanta) in 2009 under the name Gwinnett Braves (after the county of location), thus marking a homecoming of sorts if the transition goes forward as planned.
Origin of the team's name
The origins of the team's name are unknown, according to
Tim Darnell, who wrote The Crackers: Early Days of Atlanta Baseball [The Crackers: Early Days of Atlanta Baseball (Athens, GA: Hill Street Press, 2003) by Tim Darnell http://hillstreetpress.com/Crackers.html] . He cited three theories during a talk before a University of Georgiaaudience in 2002 [ [http://www.onlineathens.com/stories/072602/uga_20020726012.shtml OnlineAthens: UGALife: Russell Research Library continues series 'Legends of the Dead Ball Era' 07/26/02 ] ] :
*It may have been a shortened version of the name of a 19th century professional baseball team, the
*It may have come from the pejorative for poor, uneducated white Southerners, often specifically Georgians, and with equally obscure etymology.
*It could be a reference to a then-colloquial term for someone who is quick and smart, a variant on "
Cracker Jackballplayer", for example.
While the "
Georgia cracker" is the most obvious association, it raises a question as to why a Negro League ball club would have called itself "Black Crackers". Georgia history books once explained that stagecoach and wagon drivers, using whips to speed up their teams, would often respond "I'm a cracker from Georgia" when asked of their origin. This usage, extending to post-Civil War years, would have crossed racial lines and would not have had any derogatory connotation.
Famous members of the team included:
Luke Applinga member of the Baseball Hall of Famewho later played for the Chicago White Sox
Art Fowler, longtime major league pitcherand pitching coach
Lloyd Gearhart, who later played with the New York Giants
Eddie Mathews, a member of the Baseball Hall of Fame, later the only man to play for the Braves in Boston, Milwaukee and Atlanta
Tim McCarver, who went on to become a catcher for the St. Louis Cardinals
Bob Montag, who hit 113 home runs, the most of any Cracker and the second-most in Association history [ [http://www.georgiaencyclopedia.org/nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2800 New Georgia Encyclopedia: Bob Montag (1923-2005) ] ]
Nat Peeples, the only African-American player in the Southern Association
* Paul Richards, a catcher and then catcher-manager with the Crackers in the 1930s who became a major league manager with the
Chicago White Sox(1951-54, 1976) and Baltimore Orioles(1955-61) and general manager with the Orioles (1955-58), Houston Colt .45s/Astros (1961-65) and Atlanta Braves (1966-72)
Chuck Tanner, who is better known as the manager of four different major league teams during the 1970s and 1980s
In addition, famed major league play-by-play announcer
Ernie Harwellcalled Cracker games on the radio from 1943 to 1949 before being traded to Brooklyn Dodgersfor catcher Cliff Dapper, the only time an announcer has been traded for a player.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Atlanta Black Crackers — Atlanta Black Crackers1932Leagues Independent Negro Southern League (1920 1937 Negro American League (1938) Significant Players Nat Peeples Roy Welmaker James Red Moore The Atlanta Black Crackers … Wikipedia
Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium — Généralités Noms précédents Atlanta Stadium (1965 1976) Surnom The Launching Pad … Wikipédia en Français
Atlanta Stadium — Atlanta Fulton County Stadium Atlanta Fulton County Stadium The Launching Pad Adresse Lakewood Station Atlanta, GA 30315 Début cons … Wikipédia en Français
Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Atlanta Fulton County Stadium Nombres anteriores Atlanta Stadium (1965 1976) Propietario Ciudad de Atlanta y el Condado de Fulton Detalles técnicos … Wikipedia Español
Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium — Infobox Stadium stadium name = Atlanta Fulton County Stadium nickname = The Launching Pad location = 521 Capitol Ave. Atlanta, Georgia| broke ground = April 15, 1964 opened = April 12, 1966 closed = October 24, 1996 demolished = August 2, 1997… … Wikipedia
Culture of Atlanta, Georgia — The city of Atlanta, Georgia has a vibrant and lively culture.TourismThe arts are represented by several theaters and museums, including the Fox Theatre. The Woodruff Arts Center is home to the Alliance Theatre, Atlanta Symphony, and High Museum… … Wikipedia
Culture of Atlanta — The fabulous Fox Theatre, a cultural icon of Atlanta Atlanta, while very much in the South, has a culture that is no longer strictly Southern. This is due to the fact that in addition to a large population of migrants from other parts of the U.S … Wikipedia
History of television in Atlanta — Pre History of Atlanta TV = Atlanta television had its roots in Atlanta Journal (now Atlanta Journal Constitution ) owned radio station WSB AM. The Journal had launched the south s first radio station, WSB AM ( Welcome South Brother ), on March… … Wikipedia
African Americans in Atlanta, Georgia — This article covers the history, current demographics and role of the African American ethnic group in Atlanta and the surrounding metropolitan area in Georgia.HistoryIn the Old SouthSlavery in the state of Georgia mostly constituted the main… … Wikipedia
History of the Atlanta Falcons — The history of the Atlanta Falcons dates back when the Falcons joined the National Football League (NFL) as a 1966 expansion team. 1965 ndash;1979On June 30, 1965, the Atlanta Falcons were born. The NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle granted ownership … Wikipedia