Gyrus

A gyrus (pl. "gyri") is a ridge on the cerebral cortex. It is generally surrounded by one or more sulci.

Notable gyri

* Fornicate gyrus
* Superior frontal gyrus, "lat". gyrus frontalis superior
* Middle frontal gyrus, "lat". gyrus frontalis medius
* Inferior frontal gyrus, "lat". gyrus frontalis inferior with 3 parts: pars opercularis, pars triangularis, and pars orbitalis
* Superior temporal gyrus, "lat". gyrus temporalis superiorMiddle temporal gyrus, "lat". gyrus temporalis medius

Inferior temporal gyrus, "lat". gyrus temporalis inferior
* Fusiform gyrus, "lat". gyrus occipitotemporalis medius
* Parahippocampal gyrus, "lat". gyrus parahippocampalis
* Transverse temporal gyrusPrecentral gyrus, "lat". gyrus praecentralis
* Postcentral gyrus, "lat". gyrus postcentralisSupramarginal gyrus, "lat". gyrus supramarginalis

Angular gyrus, "lat". gyrus angularis
* Cingulate gyrus "lat". gyrus cinguli
* Dentate gyrus"lat". gyrus dentatusCuneus

Lingula "lat". gyrus lingualis

ee also

* Lissencephaly

External links

* [http://www.mindsci-clinic.com/selected_gyri_sulci_and_fissures.htm Visual explanation of gyri, sulci, and fissures]


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  • gyrus — ● gyrus nom masculin (latin gyrus, circonvolution) Circonvolution cérébrale. ⇒GYRUS, subst. masc. ANAT. Circonvolution cérébrale. Fritsch et Hitzig (1870), puis (...) Ferrier (1875), (...) appliquèrent la méthode des stimulations électriques au… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Gyrus — (lat.), 1) Ring, Windung; 2) Ring der Farrenkräuter, s. Befruchtungstheile der Kryptogamen: daher als Anhängesylbe gyrus, wendelig, mit Spiralwindungen; 3) Windung der Därme …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • gyrus — convolution between grooves, 1842, from L. gyrus “circle, circuit, career,” from Gk. gyros “ring, circle” (see GYRE (Cf. gyre)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Gyrus — Gy rus (j[imac] r[u^]s), n.; pl. {Gyri} (j[imac] r[imac]). [L. See {Gyre}, n.] A convoluted ridge between grooves; a convolution; as, the gyri of the brain; the gyri of brain coral. See {Brain}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • gyrus — término empleado en ocasiones para designar las circunvoluciones cerebrales Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano. 2010 …   Diccionario médico

  • gyrus — [jī′rəs] n. pl. gyri [jī′rī΄] [ModL < L: see GYRE] Anat. a convoluted ridge or fold between fissures, or sulci, of the cortex of the brain …   English World dictionary

  • Gyrus — Die äußere Oberfläche der linken Gehirnhälfte Die mediale Oberfläche der linken Gehirnhälfte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gyrus — Gy̲rus [von gr. γυ̃ρος = Kreis] m; , ...ri: anatom. Bezeichnung für: Gehirnwindung, eine der wulstigen Erhebungen an der Oberfläche des Gehirns, die durch seichte Furchen getrennt sind. Gy̲rus an|gula̱ris: Windung des ↑Lobus parietalis, dem… …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • GYRUS — I. GYRUS in vet. Epigr. Septem etiam gytis claudunt certamin palmae, Quod caelum stringunt singula sorte pari: καμπτὴρ est in Citco seu καμπτὸς, qui,flexus proprie circa metam, hîc pro toto spatii decursu sumitur, ut vidimus supra. Certe in re… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • gyrus — /juy reuhs/, n., pl. gyri /juy ruy/. Anat. a convolution, esp. of the brain. [1835 45; < L gyrus; see GYRE] * * * …   Universalium


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