Oslob, Cebu

Oslob, Cebu
—  Municipality  —
Country  Philippines
Region Central Visayas (Region VII)
Province Cebu
 - Mayor
Population (2007)
 - Total 22,732
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code
Website -

Oslob is a 4th class municipality in the province of Cebu, Philippines. According to the 2007 census, it has a population of 22,732 people.



Oslob is administratively subdivided into 21 barangays.

  • Alo
  • Bangcogon
  • Bonbon
  • Calumpang
  • Canangca-an
  • Cañang
  • Can-ukban
  • Cansalo-ay
  • Daanlungsod
  • Gawi
  • Hagdan
  • Lagunde
  • Looc
  • Luka
  • Mainit
  • Manlum
  • Nueva Caceres
  • Poblacion
  • Pungtod
  • Tan-awan
  • Tumalog

Municipal officials

Municipal officials as of May 2010[1]

  • Mayor: Ronald (Dodong) Luna Guaren
  • Vice-Mayor:Jose (Jun) Chaves Tumulac Jr.


  • Leonardo S. Rendon
  • Kenneth C. Tan

Clementino A. Filosofo

  • Mansueto (Ete) A. Jugador
  • Teodoro D. Mirasol
  • Jesus C. Lim, Carlos S. Luzano
  • Guillermo R. Zamora

Previous municipal officials (2007)

  • Mayor: Ronald L. Guaren
  • Vice Mayor: Pacifica J. Letegio


  • Leonardo Rendon
  • Filosofo Clementino
  • Alijandro Cabanlit
  • Vilma Zamora
  • Vicente Minao Jr.
  • Donoy Ficrencho
  • Jesus Lim
  • Kenneth Tan

General information

Land Classification as of (Latest Year)

  Arable Area: 5,045.00 Has.
  Residential : 220.00 Has.
  Commercial : 12.60 Has. 
  Industrial : none 
  Certified Alienable /Disposable Land: 1,563.00 Has. 
  Classified Forest/Reservation/Timberland: 9,619.00 Has.    Wildlife/Military Reserve Land : none
  Unclassified Forest Land/Wilderness : 65.89 Has. 
  National Parks/Playgrounds : 5.75 Has.

Topography: Generally, topography of the area is hilly and rolling, dominated by open grasslands and second growth forest. There are fairly level and rolling plateaus and valleys spread throughout the interior. These are some of the most suitable areas for upland agriculture. The highest mountain peak is 800 meters above sea level.

Climate : The Municipality of Oslob belongs to the third type of climate in the Philippines where in dry season comes on the months of February to September and the heaviest rains come on the month of October.

Soil Type : Faraon clay Faraon clay steep phase Medellin clay Lugo clay


Population: (Latest NCSO Survey-1994 ) 20,589 No. of Household: 4,438 Labor Force: 10,500

Infrastructure and utilities road network

National Road: 20.00 km. Provincial Road: 22.00 km. Municipal Road : 5.75 km. Barangay Road : 32.50 km. Ports (Domestic/International): none Airport (If any): none Schools (Public & Private)

        Elementary: 13 
        High Schools:3
        College: none 

Public Library: none Public Market: 2 Multi-purpose Building: 5 Recreation Courts/Centers : 15 Transportation Services

        No. of Buses: 5 
        No. of Jeepneys : 8 
        No.of Tricycles: 15 
        No. of Trisicads : 25


        No. of Post Office: 1
        No. of Telephone Stations: 1
        No. of Telex Services: none 
        No. of Telegraphic Stations: 1 


        Source of Electricity: CEBECO 
        No. of Barangay Served: 17
        No. Household Served: - 


        Source of Water: Mun. Water System 
        No. of Households Served: - 

Financial intermediaries

No. of Commercial Banks and Money Shops: 3 No. of Government Banks: none No. of Savings Banks: 1 No. of Rural Banks: 1 No. of Lending/Financing Institutions: 1 No. of Cooperatives within the area: 2

Trade and industry

Commercial Establishments

Type of Business No. of Establishments

Sari-sari Stores: 135 Restaurants & Cafeterias: 15 Fresh Fish & Meal Retailers: 8 General Merchandising: 23 Service and Repair Shops: 5 Tailoring & Dress Shops: 4 Pawnshops & Lending Investments: 3 Lumber and Hardwares: 4 Pharmacies and Drug Stores: 5 Marketing Firms (Appliances, furniture,etc.): none Gasoline Stations: 1 Bakeries: 6 Photo Shops & Beauty Parlors: 4

Raw materials available within the area: 1. Coconut 2. Rice 3. Root crops 4. Fruit trees 5. Corn 6. Fishery Livestock and Poultry 7. Bamboos Limestone

(Names of existing Commercial farms within the area) 1. Gawi Poultry Farms

Existing Skills 1. Carpentry 2. Masonry 3. Deep Sea Fishing 4. Welding

Official festival: Toslob Festival

The official festival of the Municipality of Oslob is Toslob Festival which is held during the feast of the Immaculate Concepcion which falls in December, every year.[2][3][4][5]

The official was originally named Sadsad Festival and then was renamed to Sadsadayon Festival during the first term of Mayor Ronald Guaren in the year 2007. The next year, 2008, the festival's name was changed to Toslob Festival which refers to how the town of Oslob got its name. Thus, the festival has undergone 3 years already (as of 2010).[6]

Origin of Oslob's name

In a place currently named as "Nigad" in barangay Daanlungsod, Oslob was where the name "Oslob" came to be.

The word “Oslob” was born due to the misunderstandings between a native couple, named Umpang and Burong,[7] and two guardia civils (civil guards) in the year 1785. While the said couple were taking a rest under the tree and were eating their brought boiled bananas while soaking it with vinegar and salt, the two guards asked the couple: “Como se llama esto pueblo?” meaning ”What is the name of this town?”. The couple not knowing what the civil guards were saying, were thinking that the stangers were asking them what they were doing. Since the couple, at that time, were then soaking bananas with the vinegar and salt, the couple answered ”Toslob”, which means “soak”. After hearing the word “Toslob”, the civil guards kept on repeating the word “Toslob” thinking that the said word was the name of the town. This has been the start of the word “Toslob” which was later changed to “Oslob”.

Until now, the flowing of the water at Nigad is still there quenching the thirst of the many people of the place including the nearby inhabitants specially when there is a shortage of water. [8]

Tourist spots

Sumilon Island

Sumilon Island is a 24-hectare coral island off the coast of Bancogon, Oslob, Cebu. The island hosts the Sumilon Bluewater Island Resort which developed the island into an eco-friendly haven for those who want to get away from the stress of city living.[9]

The Island of Sumilon is located in the southeastern tip of the Municipality of Oslob in the province of Cebu. The island has an area of 24 hectares and has clear waters with varying aquamarine hues and white sand beaches in different areas of the island.

It is the first marine protected area in the Philippines and was created as a marine sanctuary in 1974 under the guidance of the Siliman University Marine Reserve of Dumaguete City in the nearby province of Negros Oriental.

The island is famous throughout the country and internationally for the exceptional beauty of its dive sites. Sumilon has four major dive sites, which are Garden Eel Plaza, Nikki’s Wall, Coral Landscape and Julie’s Rock. The island’s diving sites are famous for their superb visibility, stunning reefs and abundance of varied tropical marine species that provide an ideal and memorable dive. There are occasional sightings of black tip sharks during dives. A popular attraction in Sumilon Island is its sandbar because of its changing shapes and shifting locations around the island depending on the season. Other places of interest in the island are a natural lagoon teeming with high mangroves and natural caves used by fishermen to seek refuge during storms, and a pristine lake. On the south portion of the island, a lighthouse rests on a protected tree park and beside it is a “Baluarte”, a historical watchtower built as part of a warning system to thwart slavers and marauders in the 19th century.

Besides diving, you can also go bird watching, do beach picnics with the family, fishing, hiking, island tours, paddling and trekking. Located in the island is the Sumilon Bluewater Island Resort, a private beach resort that provides excellent amenities and facilities for tourists and guests.The Island of Sumilon is located off the southeast coast of the Municipality of Oslob, Cebu, and is under the administration of Oslob. The island is about 125 kilometers from Cebu City and separated from the mainland by the Cebu Strait. It is also close to Dumaguete City in the nearby island province of Negros Oriental.

To get to Oslob, you can ride a public bus or a V-hire van from the Cebu South Bus Terminal in Cebu City. The estimated travel time from the city to Oslob is about three hours. The three-hour land trip to Oslob from Cebu City is a scenic ride through the southern coastal towns with fantastic views of the ocean.

From the port of Oslob, there are pump boats or small fast constructs that will bring you to the island. Another route to Sumilon Island is via Dumaguete City since it is also close to the island.[10]


Located front-roght of the church of Oslob, just outside the perimeter stone fence and near the sea, at the intersection of Calle Aeternidad and the end of Calle Aragones, an unfinished building made of coral blocks resembling a spanish-era barracks stand. This unfinished structure was the cuartel, intended for the Spanish soldiers or guardia civil. It was started by Fray Juan Jose Aragones (1848-1854, 1859-1861) during his second term of service in this municipality. While it was not finished by Fray Aragones, work continued but remained unfinished until the end of Spanish occupation in 1898.[11]

Church of the Immaculate Conception

Oslob was established as a visita of Boljoon in 1690 and became an independent parish in 1848 with the Immaculate Conception as its patroness. The present day church of cut coral stone was built by Fr. Julian Bermejo in May 4, 1830 following the plans of Cebu Bishop Santos Gomez Marañon and was finished 18 years later. The buttresses that would later on form part of this very massive church were added by Fr. Juan Aragones between 1848 and 1850. The adjacent bell tower was built in 1858. The church was burned during the Second World War liberating Philippine Commonwealth troops and Cebuano guerillas against the Japanese in Oslob in 1945, and 1955 but was eventually restored.

The entire church complex is surrounded by a stone wall. At the southeastern portion of the complex are the unfinished remains of a military barracks. Outside the walls are the remains of a watchtower, one of the many that line the southeastern coast of the Cebu.

The church is connected to the parish house or convento that still has its original clay-tiled roof. Across the church is the former mortuary chapel with a pediment decorated with a relief of a human skeleton. North of the complex is a small road that leads to the old cemetery.

On March 26, 2008, a fire (1:40 a.m. to 4:00 a.m.) gutted the 19th century church's interior, including the altar and adjacent rectory, but it spared the image of Our Lady of Immaculate Conception, which is inside a glass case, and the 73 other icons near the door to the bell tower.[12][13]


Baluarte is the Spanish name of watch tower. Its main purpose is to provide a safe place wherein guards can observe the surrounding area. It was a part of the defense system in dispelling the Moro raiders of the past.[14] Many of these watchtowers ply the coastline of Oslob.[15] Just near the Cuartel, one can immediately see ruins of an ancient watchtower.[16] So effective was this system that in 1815, the townspeople of Oslob were able to repel one such attack and was peaceful ever since. These prompted them to relocate the town to it’s present site from their fortified settlement in Daanglungsod which are now in ruins but still breathtaking.[17]


External links

Coordinates: 9°31′N 123°26′E / 9.517°N 123.433°E / 9.517; 123.433

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