United Opposition

United Opposition

The United Opposition (sometimes also called the Joint Opposition) was a group formed in the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) in 1926 by Leon Trotsky, Lev Kamenev, and Gregory Zinoviev in opposition to Joseph Stalin. It demanded, among other things, greater freedom of expression within the Party (in effect, lifting the Ban on Factions imposed by Lenin as a temporary measure in 1921) and less bureaucracy. By this time, Stalin's supporters had already voted Trotsky out from the Politburo.

The grouping was proposed by the Group of 15, a small faction around Vladimir Smirnov which claimed that the Soviet Union was no longer a workers' state. They brought together Trotsky's Left Opposition and Zinoviev's Opposition of 1925. Many former supporters of the Workers Opposition also joined.

Smirnov's group soon left, over differences between themselves and Kamenev and Zinoviev's supporters. Many from Kamenev and Zinoviev's group, as well as most from the Workers Opposition grouping had left by mid-1927, espousing support for Stalin.

In November 1927, the United Opposition held a demonstration in Red Square, Moscow, along with Lenin's widow Krupskaya. However, the Opposition was unable to gain the support of more than a small minority of the party, and were expelled in December 1927 for constituting a faction. Trotsky formed the International Left Opposition with his remaining supporters, and the Group of 15 also continued its opposition. Supporters of these groups were soon exiled or imprisoned, and by 1940, most former supporters of the United Opposition, whether or not they had repudiated it, had been executed on Stalin's orders.

Despite various attempts at rapprochement, the International Left Opposition and the Group of 15 were unable to agree on a further platform.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Opposition to the War of 1812 in the United States — Opposition to the War of 1812 was widespread in the United States, especially in New England. Many New Englanders opposed the conflict on political, economic, and religious grounds. Contents 1 Background 2 Official opposition 3 Popular opposition …   Wikipedia

  • Opposition to water fluoridation — refers to activism against the fluoridation of public water supplies. The controversy occurs mainly in English speaking countries, as Continental Europe does not practice water fluoridation, although some continental countries fluoridate salt.… …   Wikipedia

  • United Workers' Party (Dominica) — United Workers Party Leader Hector John President Edison James Headquarters Roseau Ideology Centrism …   Wikipedia

  • Opposition to circumcision — has occurred throughout history. The Ancient Greeks valued the foreskin and were opposed to circumcision; the Romans past laws banning the procedure. Opposition of a different kind was spawned with the advent of routine infant circumcision in the …   Wikipedia

  • United Nations Parliamentary Assembly — United Nations Parliamentary Assembly …   Wikipedia

  • Opposition to cults and new religious movements — Opposition to cults and to new religious movements (NRMs) comes from several sources with diverse concerns. Some members of the opposition have associations with cult watching groups which collect and publish critical information about one or… …   Wikipedia

  • United Airlines Flight 93 — United 93 redirects here. For the movie, see United 93 (film). For the related made for TV movie, see Flight 93 (TV movie). United Airlines Flight 93 UA 93 s flight path on September 11, 2001 from Newark, New Jersey to Shanksville, Pennsylvania …   Wikipedia

  • United States presidential election, 2008 — 2004 ← November 4, 2008 → 2012 …   Wikipedia

  • Opposition — may mean or refer to: Opposition (planets), a term describing the position of a celestial body Opposition (chess), a term describing the position of the kings relative to each other Opposition proceeding, an administrative process available under …   Wikipedia

  • United States Presidential doctrines — are key goals, attitudes, or stances for United States foreign affairs outlined by Presidents that were dubbed their doctrines . Most presidential doctrines are related to the Cold War. Though many U.S. Presidents had themes related to their… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.