Ladonia (micronation)

Ladonia
Micronation
Flag of Ladonia.svg[1]
Flag
Motto: omnia vincit amor
(English: Love Conquers All)
Anthem: Two unnamed anthems[2] by Greve Jan Lothe von Eriksen & Toomas Mathiesen
Status Current
Location of Ladonia (micronation)
Area claimed 1 km2
Date of foundation June 2, 1996
Leadership Queen Carolyn I
President
Organisational structure Constitutional monarchy
Language Phrased Latin[3]
Capital Wotan City[4]

Ladonia (Swedish: Ladonien) is a micronation, proclaimed in 1996 as the result of a years-long court battle between artist Lars Vilks and local authorities over two sculptures. The claimed territory is part of a natural reserve in an enclave of southern Sweden. Later a third sculpture was actually evicted by the authorities.

Contents

History

In 1980, artist Lars Vilks began construction of two sculptures, Nimis (Latin for "too much", a structure made of 75 tonnes of driftwood) and Arx (Latin for "fortress", a structure made of stone), in the Kullaberg nature reserve in north-west Skåne, Sweden. The location of the sculptures is difficult to reach, and as a consequence they were not discovered for two years, at which point the local council declared the sculptures to be buildings, the construction of which was forbidden on the nature reserve, and demanded that they should be dismantled and removed.

Nimis
Arx

Vilks appealed the decision of the council, but lost. He appealed repeatedly, and finally the case was settled, in the council's favour, by the Swedish government. However, in the meantime Nimis had been bought from Vilks by the artists Christo and Jeanne-Claude after the death of Joseph Beuys, who bought it in 1984. In 1996 Vilks declared the micronation of Ladonia in protest of the local council.[citation needed]

In 1999, another sculpture, Omphalos (named after Omphalos, a small sculpture in the temple at Delphi, "marking the centre of the world"), was created. It was made of stone and concrete, 1.61 metres high and weighing a tonne. The Gyllenstiernska Krapperup Foundation, formed to promote art and culture, accused Vilks of building this sculpture and complained to the police, and in August 1999 the district court ordered its removal. The Foundation had also demanded the removal of Nimis and Arx, but the court ruled against it. The Foundation appealed this decision to the Supreme Court, who eventually ruled against it. The police were unable to positively identify Vilks as the sculptor, but the district court held that he was.

The removal of Omphalos was itself controversial. Vilks was ordered to find an acceptable way to remove the sculpture. He proposed blowing it up on 10 December 2001, Nobel Day and the 100th anniversary of the Nobel Prize, and applied to the county council for permission to do so. The county council made a decision on 7 December, but kept it secret until 10 December. By that time, another artist, Ernst Billgren, had bought Omphalos from Vilks, and had requested that it not be damaged. In the early hours of 9 December, a crane boat was sent (by DYKMA, under contract from the Enforcement Administration) to the site and removed the sculpture (at a cost of SEK 92,500, billed to Vilks). Despite the new owner's request, the sculpture was damaged by handling. In response to this, the Enforcement Administration was satirically declared to be "Performance Artist of the Year" in 2002.

Afterwards, Vilks applied to the county council again, this time for permission to erect a memorial in the place that Omphalos had stood. Permission was granted by the council to erect a monument no greater than 8 centimetres high. This was duly done, and the monument was inaugurated on 27 February 2002.

In July 2006, a satire web site of "the Armed Coalition Forces of the Internets" (ACFI) declared war on the micronation claiming that the government has not recognized the citizens' rights of internet and piracy.[5]

Population and citizenry

When it was created, Ladonia had a population of zero. As of 2011, there are 15,567 Ladonian citizens from more than 50 countries. [6]

Vilks has specified the "taxation" of Ladonia to be "contributing your creativity". Many Ladonian ministries have artistic connotations and whimsical names.[citation needed]

Nimis

Nimis is a series of wooden sculptures situated along the coast in the Kullaberg Nature Reserve, Höganäs Municipality, in the northern part of Skåne County, Sweden. They are a massive, wooden labyrinthine structure connected by several wooden towers, and are said to be mostly constructed from driftwood.

They were begun by the artist Professor Lars Vilks in 1980 and have been the subject of a long-running legal dispute between the Swedish authorities and the artist. As no permission was given to build on the site within the nature reserve, the County Administrative Board in Skåne has sought to have Nimis demolished, despite the fact that it has become a popular tourist attraction.

As Nimis' existence is not sanctioned by the state, it is difficult to find - there are no official sign posts, nor is it marked on maps. It lies a few kilometres northwest of the town of Arild and somewhat farther from the town of Mölle, and can only be reached on foot following a well-worn path with yellow "N"s painted on trees and fences. The path begins as an easy stroll past Himmelstorp, a well-preserved eighteenth-century farmstead, but quickly becomes a steep and rocky climb down to the coast.

Nimis as seen from the bay

Notes

  1. ^ Flag of Ladonia with contours.svg
    The flag features a nordic cross which normally isn’t visible.
  2. ^ There are two national anthems. One is composed by Greve Jan Lothe von Eriksen and is executed when a stone is thrown into the water. The other is composed by the Minister of Health and can be described as a tone poem on the development of Ladonian freedom.
  3. ^ Also English, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Finnish, German and French are accepted.
  4. ^ A PDF on Ladonia
  5. ^ "Implode Ladonia". Web site of the Armed Coalition Forces of the Internets. http://implodeladonia.net/. Retrieved 2006-08-17. 
  6. ^ Ladonia's population chart on www.ladonia.net

References

External links

Coordinates: 56°17′16″N 12°32′22″E / 56.28778°N 12.53944°E / 56.28778; 12.53944


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ladonia — can refer to:* Ladonia (micronation), in southern Sweden * Ladonia, Alabama, USA * Ladonia, Texas, USA …   Wikipedia

  • Micronation — This article is about entities that are not officially recognized by world governments or major international organisations. For information on countries that are generally recognized but geographically small, see microstate. The Principality of… …   Wikipedia

  • Micronation — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • List of micronation currencies — $10 Nortonian banknote Micronational currency systems describe the self declared official currencies of micronations. These currencies are usually created to legitimize the micronations[citation needed] that produce them and few of these… …   Wikipedia

  • Principauté de Sealand — 51°53′40″N 1°28′57″E / 51.89444, 1.4825 Principau …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nimis — This article is about the town in Italy. For the series of wooden sculptures situated along the coast of Skåne County, Sweden, see Ladonia (micronation). For the Romanian village of Nima, called Néme in Hungarian, see Mintiu Gherlii. Nimis… …   Wikipedia

  • List of micronations — The Principality of Sealand, a micronation. Micronations, sometimes also referred to as model countries and new country projects, are small, self proclaimed entities that …   Wikipedia

  • Micronaciones — Anexo:Micronaciones Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Principado de Sealand fue descrito como la micronación más conocida del mundo.[1] Las micronaciones, llamadas también como modelos de país y …   Wikipedia Español

  • Список микрогосударств — Княжество Силенд характеризуется, как наиболее известное микрогосударство.[1] Микрогосударства, иногда также называют моделью страны и новых проектов в стране, являются небольшими, самопровозглашенными организациями, которые утверждают, что они… …   Википедия

  • Republic of Molossia — For the ancient Epirote tribe of Molossia, see Molossians. Republic of Molossia Micronation Flag …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.