Symphonia

:"For the plant genus of the Clusiaceae, see Symphonia (genus). For the game, see Tales of Symphonia."

Symphonia (Gr. "συμφωνία") , a much discussed word, applied at different times (1) to the bagpipe, (2) to the drum, (3) to the hurdy-gurdy, and finally (4) to a kind of clavichord. The sixth of the musical instruments enumerated in Dan. iii. 5, 10, 15, erroneously translated "dulcimer," in all probability refers to the bagpipe.

Symphonia, signifying drum, occurs in the writings of Isidore of Seville: "Tympanum est pellis vel corium ligno ex una parte extentum. Est enim pars media symphoniae in similitudinem cribri. Tympanum autem dictum quod medium est. Unde, et margaritum medium tympanum dicitur, et ipsum ut symphonia ad virgulam percutitur." The reference comparing the tympanum (kettle-drum) to half a pearl is borrowed from Pliny ("Nat. hist." IX. 35, 23).

Symphonia or "Chifonie" was applied during the 13th and 14th centuries, in the Latin countries more especially, to the hurdy-gurdy. Symphonia is applied by Praetorius to an instrument which he classed with the clavichord, spinet, regals and virginal, but without giving any clue to its distinctive characteristics.


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  • SYMPHONIA — apud Isidorum Origin. l. 2. c. 21. vulgo dictum est, lignum cavum ex utraque parte pelle extensâ, quam virgulis hinc inde Musici feriunt. Scribit quoque Hieronymus Ep. ad Damasum, quosdam de Latinis putavisle, Symphoniam genus esse organi musici …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Symphonĭa — (S. L.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Chesiaceae Moronobeae, Monadelphie, Pentandrie, ist Moronobea Aubl.; Arten: S. globulifera, Baum mit rothen Blumen, in Guiana; liefert ein Harz, Mani, welches als Theer, auch zur Bereitung von Fackeln… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • symphonia — n. m. BOT Arbre à fleurs roses ou rouges, caractéristique des forêts marécageuses d Afrique équatoriale …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Symphonia —   Symphonia …   Wikipedia Español

  • symphonia — /sim foh nee euh/, n. any of various medieval musical instruments, as the hurdy gurdy. [1570 80; < LL, L symphonia SYMPHONY] * * * …   Universalium

  • symphonia — греч. [симфо/ниа] созвучие, кансонанс …   Словарь иностранных музыкальных терминов

  • symphonia — sym·pho·nia …   English syllables

  • symphonia — simˈfōnēə noun ( s) Etymology: Latin more at symphony 1. : concord of sounds; especially : musical harmony 2. [Late Latin, a kind of musical in …   Useful english dictionary

  • Symphonia (Theologie) — Symphonia (aus dem Griechischen. Συμφωνία Harmonie , Zustimmung ) ist ein Begriff für eine als Ideal angesehene harmonische Beziehung zwischen Kirche und Staat, der die Orthodoxie vor allem in Osteuropa geprägt hat. Der Begriff der Symphonia… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Symphonia Domestica — Symphonia Domestica, Op. 53 (Domestic Symphony) is a tone poem for large orchestra by Richard Strauss. The work is a musical reflection of the secure domestic life so valued by the composer himself and, as such, harmoniously conveys daily events… …   Wikipedia

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