mosque of Al-Hakim's interior courtyard
Basic information Location Cairo, Egypt Affiliation Islam Year consecrated 928 Ecclesiastical or organizational status Mosque Leadership Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah Architectural description Architectural type Mosque Architectural style Fatimid Completed 992 Specifications Dome(s) 1 Minaret(s) 2
The al-Hakim Mosque is a major Islamic religious site in Cairo, Egypt. It is located in "Islamic Cairo", on the east side of Muizz Street, just south of Bab Al-Futuh (the northern gate). It is named after Imam Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah (985-1021), the sixth Fatimid caliph,16 th Fatimid/Ismaili Imam and the first to be born in Egypt.
The Mosque was originally built as an enclosure by the Fatimid vizier Gawhar Al-Siqilli (c.928-992), but was incorporated into the extended fortifications built by Badr al-Gamali. It consists of an irregular rectangle with four arcades surrounding the courtyard. An unusual feature is the monumental entrance with its projecting stone porch.
The most spectacular feature of the mosque are the minarets on either side of the facade, reminiscent of the propylon to a pharaonic temple.
Originally the two minarets stood independent of the brick walls at the corners. These are the earliest surviving minarets in the city and they have been restored at various times during their history. The massive salients were added in 1010 to strengthen their structure, and the northern minaret was incorporated into the city wall. Inside, these strange structures are hollow, for they have been built around the original minarets, which are connected with brackets and can still be seen from the minaret above.
At various times, the mosque was used as a prison for captured "Franks" during the Crusades, as a stable by Saladin, as a fortress by Napoleon, and as a local school. In 1980 the mosque was extensively refurbished in white marble and gold trim by Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin the head of the Dawoodi Bohra, an international Ismaili sect based in India. However, remnants of the original decorations are still seen: stucco carvings, timber tie-beams, and Quranic inscriptions.
Today the mosque is a tourist destination as well as a place of worship. Its unique minarets attracts local and foreign tourists. Al-Hakim Mosque is now a place for Egyptians to feed pigeons and enjoy the calm and peacefulness of the Mosque.
See alsoAbu Haggag Mosque• Amr ibn al-As Mosque • Aqmar Mosque • al-Azhar Mosque • Juyushi Mosque • Blue Mosque • al-Hakim Mosque • Lulua Mosque • al-Hussein Mosque • ibn Tulun Mosque • Muhammad Ali Mosque • el-Mursi Abul Abbas Mosque • al-Rifa'i Mosque • Salar and Sangar al-Gawali Mosque • al-Salih Tala'i Mosque • Sultan Hassan Mosque • Qala'un Mosque • Sidi Arif MosqueCategory – Islam in Egypt – Mosques by country
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Mosque of Ibn Tulun — Ibn Tulun Mosque Basic information Location … Wikipedia
Mosque of Muhammad Ali — The Mosque of Muhammad Ali … Wikipedia
Mosque of Amr ibn al-As — Entrance to the Mosque of Amr ibn al As. The sign on the roof says Allahu Akbar . The Mosque of Amr ibn al As (Arabic: جامع عمرو بن العاص), also called the Mosque of Amr, was originally built in 642 AD, as the center of the newly founded capital … Wikipedia
Mosque of al-Zahir Baybars — Mosque of Sultan al Zahir Baybars Contents 1 History 2 Architecture … Wikipedia
Hakim Akhtar — About Moulana Hakim Akhtar is probably one of the most influential Muslim Sufi Shaikhs of the current times. His real name is Mohammad Akhtar but he is more popularly known as Hakim Akhtar because of a degree he holds in Hikmat (Eastern Medicine) … Wikipedia
Abu Haggag Mosque — An Islamic mosque over a pharaonic era 14th century BC Egyptian temple … Wikipedia
Imam Ali Mosque — Mosque / Shrine of Imam Ali Coordinates … Wikipedia
Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah — Tāriqu l Ḥākim, called bi Amr al Lāh (Arabic: الحاكم بأمر الله; literally Ruler by God s Command ), was the sixth Fatimid Caliph in Egypt, ruling from 996 to 1021.His reign was notable for several things: the tender age eleven at which he… … Wikipedia
Imam Ali Mosque bombing — Infobox terrorist attack title=Imam Ali Mosque bombing caption=The Imam Ali Mosque location=Najaf, Iraq target=Imam Ali Mosque date=August 29, 2003 type=car bomb fatalities=83 injuries=500+ perps=Jama at al Tawhid wal JihadThe Imam Ali Mosque… … Wikipedia
Mohammad Baqir al-Hakim — محمد باقر الحكيم Born 1939 (1939) Najaf, Iraq Died August 29, 2003 Najaf, Iraq Political party Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq … Wikipedia