List of national anthems


List of national anthems
Rouget de Lisle, the composer of the French national anthem La Marseillaise, sings it for the first time. The anthem is the second-earliest to be adopted by a state, in 1795.

Most nations have anthems, defined as "a song, as of praise, devotion, or patriotism";[1] most anthems are either marches or hymns in style. A hymn can become a national anthem by a provision in the state's constitution, by a law enacted by its legislature, or simply by tradition.[2] A royal anthem is a patriotic song similar to a national anthem, but it specifically praises or prays for a monarch or royal dynasty. Such anthems are usually performed at public appearances by the monarch or during other events of royal importance. Some states use the royal anthem as the national anthem, such as the anthem of Jordan.[3]

There are multiple claimants to the position of oldest national anthem.[4] Among the national anthems, the first to be composed was the Dutch national anthem the Wilhelmus, which was written between 1568 and 1572.[5] The Japanese anthem, Kimi ga Yo, employs the oldest lyrics of any national anthem, taking its words from a Heian period (794–1185) poem, yet it was not set to music until 1880.[6] The first anthem to be officially adopted as such was the Spanish anthem Marcha Real, in 1770; its origins remain unclear, being suggested to have sixteenth century Venetian origins, or even to have been composed by king Frederick the Great himself; it is also one of the few national anthems that has never had official lyrics.[7] Anthems became increasingly popular among European states in the 18th century.[8] For example, the British national anthem God Save the Queen was first performed under the title God Save the King in 1745.[9] The French anthem La Marseillaise was written half a century later in 1792, and adopted in 1795.[10]

National anthems are usually written in the most common language of the state, whether de facto or official. For example, India's anthem Jana Gana Mana is written in a Sanskritized version of Bengali, which are both official languages of India.[11] States with multiple national languages may offer several versions of their anthem. For instance, Switzerland's national anthem has different lyrics for each of the country's four official languages: French, German, Italian, and Romansh.[12] The New Zealand national anthem is traditionally sung with the first verse in Māori (Aotearoa) and the second in English (God Defend New Zealand). The tune is the same but the lyrics have different meanings. South Africa's national anthem is unique in that five of the eleven official languages are used in the same anthem, in which each language comprises a stanza.[13]

Contents


Anthems of United Nations member states

Only United Nations member states are included in this table.[14] Anthems of sovereign states which are not UN members are listed in a separate table below. An English translation of the title is provided in brackets where appropriate.

Nation National anthem Date adopted Lyrics writer Music writer Audio Source
 Afghanistan Milli Tharana
(National Anthem)
2006 Abdul Bari Jahani Babrak Wassa
Milli Tharana
 Albania Himni i Flamurit (Hymn to the Flag) 1912 Aleksandër Stavre Drenova Ciprian Porumbescu
Himni i Flamurit
[15]
 Algeria Kassaman
(We Pledge)
1962 Moufdi Zakaria Mohamed Fawzi
Kassaman
[16]
 Andorra El Gran Carlemany
(The Great Charlemagne)
1914 Enric Marfany Bons Juan Benlloch y Vivó [17]
 Angola Angola Avante
(Forward Angola)
1975 Manuel Rui Alves Monteiro Rui Alberto Vieira Dias Mingas
Angola Avante
 Antigua and Barbuda Fair Antigua, We Salute Thee[note 1] 1981 Novelle Hamilton Richards Walter Garnet Picart Chambers
Fair Antigua, We Salute Thee
 Argentina Himno Nacional Argentino (Argentine National Anthem) 1813 Vicente López y Planes Blas Parera
Himno Nacional Argentino
 Armenia Mer Hayrenik (Our Fatherland) 1991 Mikael Nalbandian Barsegh Kanachyan
Mer Hayrenik
 Australia Advance Australia Fair[note 1] 1984 Peter Dodds McCormick Peter Dodds McCormick
Advance Australia Fair
 Austria Land der Berge, Land am Strome (Land of Mountains, Land on the River) 1947 Paula von Preradović Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart/Johann Holzer
Land der Berge, Land am Strome
 Azerbaijan Azərbaycan marşı
(Azerbaijan's Anthem/National Anthem of the Republic of Azerbaijan)
1992 Ahmed Javad Uzeyir Hajibeyov
Azərbaycan marşı
 Bahamas March On, Bahamaland[note 1] 1973 Timothy Gibson Timothy Gibson
March On, Bahamaland
 Bahrain Bahrainona
(Our Bahrain)
1971 Mohamed Sudqi Ayyash unknown
Our Bahrain
 Bangladesh Amar Shonar Bangla (My Golden Bengal) 1972 Rabindranath Tagore Rabindranath Tagore
Amar Shonar Bangla
 Barbados In Plenty and In Time of Need 1966 Irving Burgie C. Van Roland Edwards
In Plenty and In Time of Need
 Belarus My Belarusy (We, the Belarusians)[note 2] 1955 Michael Klimovich Nestar Sakalowski
My Belarusy
 Belgium The Brabançonne 1830 Jenneval (Louis-Alexandre Dechet) François Van Campenhout
The Brabançonne
 Belize Land of the Free 1981 Samuel Alfred Haynes Selwyn Walford Young
Land of the Free
 Benin L'Aube Nouvelle (The Dawn of a New Day) 1960 Gilbert Jean Dagnon Gilbert Jean Dagnon
L'Aube Nouvelle
 Bhutan Druk tsendhen (The Thunder Dragon Kingdom) 1953 Dasho Gyaldun Thinley Aku Tongmi
 Bolivia Himno Nacional de Bolivia (National Anthem of Bolivia) 1852 José Ignacio de Sanjinés Leopoldo Benedetto Vincenti
Himno Nacional de Bolivia
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Državna himna Bosne i Hercegovine (The National Anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina) 1999 none Dušan Šestić
Državna himna Bosne i Hercegovine
 Botswana Fatshe leno la rona (Blessed Be This Noble Land) 1966 Kgalemang Tumedisco Motsete Kgalemang Tumedisco Motsete
 Brazil Hino Nacional Brasileiro (Brazilian National Anthem) 1922 Joaquim Osório Duque Estrada Francisco Manuel da Silva
Hino Nacional Brasileiro
 Brunei Allah Peliharakan Sultan (God Bless the Sultan) 1951 Pengiran Haji Mohamed Yusuf bin Abdul Rahim Awang Haji Besar bin Sagap
 Bulgaria Mila Rodino (Dear Motherland) 1964 Tsvetan Radoslavov Tsvetan Radoslavov
Mila Rodino
 Burkina Faso Une Seule Nuit (One Single Night) 1984 Thomas Sankara Thomas Sankara
Une Seule Nuit
 Burma Kaba Ma Kyei (Till the End of the World, Burma) 1948 Saya Tin Saya Tin
Kaba Ma Kyei
 Burundi Burundi bwacu (Our Burundi) 1962 Jean-Baptiste Ntahokaja and others Marc Barengayabo
 Cambodia Nokoreach (Royal Kingdom) 1941 Chuon Nat F. Perruchot and J. Jekyll
Nokoreach
 Cameroon O Cameroun, Berceau de nos Ancêtres (O Cameroon, Cradle of Our Forefathers) 1957 René Djam Afame, Samuel Minkio Bamba, and Moïse Nyatte Nko'o (French),
Dr Benard Nsokika Fonlon (English)
René Djam Afame
O Cameroun, Berceau de nos Ancêtres
 Canada O Canada[note 1] 1980 Adolphe-Basile Routhier (French);
Robert Stanley Weir (English)
Calixa Lavallée
O Canada
 Cape Verde Cântico da Liberdade (Song of Freedom) 1996 Amílcar Spencer Lopes Adalberto Higino Tavares Silva
 Central African Republic La Renaissance (The Rebirth) 1960 Barthélémy Boganda Herbert Pepper
 Chad La Tchadienne (People of Chad) 1960 Louis Gidrol and others Paul Villard
 Chile Himno Nacional de Chile (National Anthem of Chile) 1828 Eusebio Lillo Ramón Carnicer
Himno Nacional de Chile
 People's Republic of China Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ (March of the Volunteers) 1949 (provisional)
1982 (official)
2004 (constitutional)
Tian Han Nie Er
Yìyǒngjūn Jìnxíngqǔ
 Colombia Himno Nacional de la República de Colombia (National Anthem of the Republic of Colombia) 1920 Rafael Núñez Oreste Sindici
Himno Nacional de la República de Colombia
 Comoros Udzima wa ya Masiwa (The Union of the Great Islands) 1978 Said Hachim Sidi Abderemane Said Hachim Sidi Abderemane and Kamildine Abdallah
 Democratic Republic of the Congo Debout Congolais (Arise Congolese) 1960, 1997 Joseph Lutumba Simon-Pierre Boka di Mpasi Londi
 Republic of the Congo La Congolaise (The Congolese) 1959, 1991 Jacques Tondra and Georges Kibanghi Jean Royer and Joseph Spadilière
 Costa Rica Himno Nacional de Costa Rica (National Anthem of Costa Rica) 1853 José María Zeledón Brenes Manuel María Gutiérrez
Himno Nacional de Costa Rica
 Côte d'Ivoire L'Abidjanaise (Song of Abidjan) 1960 Mathieu Ekra, Joachim Bony, and Pierre Marie Coty Pierre Marie Coty and Pierre Michel Pango
 Croatia Lijepa naša domovino (Our Beautiful Homeland)[note 3] 1972 Antun Mihanović Josip Runjanin
Lijepa naša domovino
 Cuba El Himno de Bayamo (The Anthem of Bayamo) 1902 Perucho Figueredo Perucho Figueredo
El Himno de Bayamo
 Cyprus Ýmnos eis tīn Eleutherían (Hymn to Liberty)[note 4][note 5] 1960 Dionýsios Solomós Nikolaos Mantzaros
Ýmnos eis tīn Eleutherían
 Czech Republic Kde domov můj (Where is My Home?)[note 6] 1918 Josef Kajetán Tyl František Škroup
Kde domov můj
 Denmark Der er et yndigt land (There is a Lovely Country)[note 7] 1835 Adam Oehlenschläger Hans Ernst Krøyer
Der er et yndigt land
 Djibouti Djibouti 1977 Aden Elmi Abdi Robleh
 Dominica Isle of Beauty, Isle of Splendour 1978 Wilfred Oscar Morgan Pond Lemuel McPherson Christian
 Dominican Republic Himno Nacional (National Anthem) 1934 Emilio Prud'Homme Jose Rufino Reyes Siancas
Himno Nacional
 East Timor Pátria (Fatherland) 2002 Francisco Borja da Costa Afonso de Araujo
Pátria
 Ecuador Salve, Oh Patria (We Salute You, Our Mothership) 1948 Juan León Mera Antonio Neumane
Salve, Oh Patria
 Egypt Bilady, Bilady, Bilady (My Country, My Country, My Country) 1979 Sayed Darwish (adapted from a speech by Mustafa Kamil) Sayed Darwish
Bilady, Bilady, Bilady
 El Salvador Himno Nacional de El Salvador (National Anthem of El Salvador) 1879 Juan José Cañas Juan Aberle
Himno Nacional de El Salvador
 Equatorial Guinea Caminemos pisando las sendas de nuestra inmensa felicidad
(Let Us Tread the Path of our Immense Happiness)
1968 Atanasio Ndongo Miyone Atanasio Ndongo Miyone
 Eritrea Ertra, Ertra, Ertra (Eritrea, Eritrea, Eritrea) 1993 Solomon Tsehaye Beraki Isaac Abraham Meharezghi and Aron Tekle Tesfatsion
 Estonia Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm (My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy) 1920 Johann Voldemar Jannsen Fredrik Pacius
Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm
 Ethiopia Wodefit Gesgeshi, Widd Innat Ityopp'ya (March Forward, Dear Mother Ethiopia) 1992 Dereje Melaku Mengesha Solomon Lulu Mitiku
Wodefit Gesgeshi, Widd Innat Ityopp'ya
 Fiji Meda Dau Doka (God Bless Fiji) 1970 Michael Francis Alexander Prescott Charles Austin Miles
Meda Dau Doka
 Finland Maamme (Our Land) 1867 Johan Ludvig Runeberg Fredrik Pacius
Maamme
 France La Marseillaise (The Song of Marseille) 1795 Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle
La Marseillaise
 Gabon La Concorde (The Concord) 1960 Georges Aleka Damas Georges Aleka Damas
 The Gambia For The Gambia Our Homeland 1965 Virginia Julie Howe Jeremy Frederick Howe
 Georgia Tavisupleba (Freedom) 2004 David Magradze Zakaria Paliashvili
Tavisupleda
 Germany Das Deutschlandlied (The Germany Song) – the Third stanza 1922 August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben Joseph Haydn
Das Deutschlandlied
 Ghana God Bless Our Homeland Ghana 1957 Michael Kwame Gbordzoe Philip Gbeho
 Greece Ýmnos eis tīn Eleutherían (Hymn to Liberty)[note 4] 1865 Dionýsios Solomós Nikolaos Mantzaros
Ýmnos eis tīn Eleutherían
 Grenada Hail Grenada 1974 Irva Merle Baptiste Louis Arnold Masanto
 Guatemala Himno Nacional de Guatemala (National Anthem of Guatemala) 1896 José Joaquín Palma Rafael Álvarez Ovalle
Himno Nacional de Guatemala
 Guinea Liberté (Liberty) 1958 Unknown Kodofo Moussa
 Guinea-Bissau Esta é a Nossa Pátria Bem Amada (This Is Our Beloved Country) 1974 Amílcar Cabral Xiao He
 Guyana Dear Land of Guyana, of Rivers and Plains 1966 Archibald Leonard Luker Robert Cyril Gladstone Potter
 Haiti La Dessalinienne (Song of Dessalines) 1904 Justin Lhérisson Nicolas Geffrard
La Dessalinienne
 Honduras Himno Nacional de Honduras (National Anthem of Honduras) 1915 Augusto Constancio Coello Carlos Hartling
Himno Nacional de Honduras
 Hungary Himnusz (Hymn) 1844 Ferenc Kölcsey Ferenc Erkel
Himnusz
 Iceland Lofsöngur (Hymn) 1944 Matthías Jochumsson Sveinbjörn Sveinbjörnsson
Lofsöngur
 India Jana Gana Mana (Fathership of All People) 1950 Rabindranath Tagore Rabindranath Tagore
Jana Gana Mana
 Indonesia Indonesia Raya (Great Indonesia) 1945 Wage Rudolf Supratman Wage Rudolf Supratman
Indonesia Raya
 Iran Soroud-e Melli-e Jomhouri-e Eslami-e Iran (National Anthem of Iran) 1990 multiple Hassan Riyahi
 Iraq Mawtini (My Homeland) 2004 Ibrahim Touqan Mohammed Flayfel
Mawtini
 Ireland Amhrán na bhFiann (The Soldier's Song) 1926 Peadar Kearney (English), Liam Ó Rinn (Irish) Peadar Kearney and Patrick Heeney
Amhrán na bhFiann
 Israel HaTikvah (The Hope) 1948 (de facto)
2004 (de jure)
Naftali Herz Imber Samuel Cohen
HaTikvah
 Italy Il Canto degli Italiani (The Song of the Italians) 1946 (de facto) Goffredo Mameli Michele Novaro
Il Canto degli Italiani
 Jamaica Jamaica, Land We Love[note 1] 1962 Hugh Sherlock Robert Lightbourne
 Japan Kimi ga Yo (His Majesty's Reign)[18] 1999 (de jure) Traditional Waka poem from the Heian period (794-1185) Yoshiisa Oku and Akimori Hayashi; credited usually to Hiromori Hayashi
Kimi ga Yo
[19]
 Jordan Al-salam Al-malaki Al-urdoni (The Royal Anthem of Jordan) 1946 Abdul Monem Al-Refai Abdul Qader al-Taneer
Al-salam Al-malaki Al-urdoni
 Kazakhstan Meniñ Qazaqstanım (My Kazakhstan) 2006 Zhumeken Nazhimedenov (with modifications by Nursultan Nazarbayev) Shamshi Kaldayakov
Meniñ Qazaqstanım
 Kenya Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu (Oh God of All Creation) 1963 Graham Hyslop, G. W. Senoga-Zake, Thomas Kalume, Peter Kibukosya, and Washington Omondi The Anthem Commission
Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu
 Kiribati Teirake Kaini Kiribati (Stand up, Kiribati) 1979 Urium Tamuera Ioteba Urium Tamuera Ioteba
 North Korea Aegukka (The Patriotic Song) 1947 Pak Seyŏng Kim Wŏn'gyun
 South Korea Aegukga (The Patriotic Song) 1948 uncertain Ahn Eak-tae
 Kuwait Al-Nasheed Al-Watani (National Anthem) 1978 Ahmad Meshari Al-Adwani Ibrahim Al-Soula
 Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz Respublikasynyn Mamlekettik Gimni (National Anthem of the Kyrgyz Republic) 1992 Djamil Sadykov and Eshmambet Kuluev Nasyr Davlesov and Kalyi Moldobasanov
Kyrgyz Respublikasynyn Mamlekettik Gimni
 Laos Pheng Xat Lao (National Anthem of Laos) 1947 Sisana Sisane Thongdy Sounthonevichit
Pheng Xat Lao
 Latvia Dievs, svētī Latviju! (God Bless Latvia) 1920 Kārlis Baumanis Kārlis Baumanis
Dievs, svētī Latviju!
 Lebanon Lebanese National Anthem 1927 Rashid Nakhle Wadih Sabra
Lebanese National Anthem
 Lesotho Lesotho Fatse La Bontata Rona (Lesotho, Land of Our Fathers) 1966 François Coillard Ferdinand-Samuel Laur
 Liberia All Hail, Liberia, Hail! 1847 Daniel Bashiel Warner Olmstead Luca
All Hail, Liberia, Hail!
 Libya Libya, Libya, Libya 2011 Al Bashir Al Arebi Mohammed Abdel Wahab
 Liechtenstein Oben am jungen Rhein (Up Above the Young Rhine) 1963 Jakob Josef Jauch unknown
Oben am jungen Rhein
 Lithuania Tautiška giesmė (National Song) 1919 Vincas Kudirka Vincas Kudirka
Tautiška giesmė
 Luxembourg Ons Hémécht (Our Homeland) 1895 Michel Lentz Jean Antoine Zinnen
Ons Hémécht
 Macedonia Denes nad Makedonija (Today Over Macedonia) 1992 (de jure) Vlado Maleski Todor Skalovski
Denes nad Makedonija
 Madagascar Ry Tanindrazanay malala ô! (Oh, Beloved Land of our Ancestors) 1958 Rahajason Norbert Raharisoa
 Malawi Mlungu dalitsani Malawi (God Bless Malawi) 1964 Michael-Fredrick Paul Sauka Michael-Fredrick Paul Sauka
 Malaysia Negaraku (My Country) 1957 multiple Perak state anthem ("Allah Lanjutkan Usia Sultan")
Negaraku
 Maldives Gaumii salaam (National Salute) 1972 Muhammad Jameel Didi Pandit Wannakuwattawaduge Don Amaradeva
 Mali Pour l'Afrique et pour toi, Mali (For Africa and for You, Mali) 1962 Seydou Badian Kouyate Banzoumana Sissoko
 Malta L-Innu Malti (The Maltese Hymn) 1964 Dun Karm Psaila Robert Samut
L-Innu Malti
 Marshall Islands Forever Marshall Islands 1991 Amata Kabua Amata Kabua
 Mauritania National Anthem of Mauritania 1960 Baba Ould Cheikh Tolia Nikiprowetzky
 Mauritius Motherland 1968 Jean Georges Prosper Philippe Gentil (M.B.E. Esq.)
Motherland
 Mexico Himno Nacional Mexicano (Mexican National Anthem) 1943 Francisco González Bocanegra Jaime Nunó
Himno Nacional Mexicano
 Federated States of Micronesia Patriots of Micronesia 1991 unknown traditional German song (Ich hab' mich ergeben)
Patriots of Micronesia
 Moldova Limba Noastră (Our Language) 1994 Alexei Mateevici Alexandru Cristea
 Monaco Hymne Monégasque (Monégasque Anthem) 1848 Louis Notari Charles Albrecht
Hymne Monégasque
 Mongolia Mongol ulsiin töriin duulal (National Anthem of Mongolia) 1950 Tsendiin Damdinsüren Bilegiin Damdinsüren and Luvsanjyamts Murdorj
 Montenegro Oj, svijetla majska zoro (O, Bright Dawn of May) 2004 Sekula Drljević Žarko Mirković[20]
 Morocco Hymne Chérifien (Anthem of Morocco) 1956 Ali Squalli Houssaini Léo Morgan
Hymne Chérifien
 Mozambique Pátria Amada (Lovely Homeland) 2002 Salomão J. Manhiça unknown
 Namibia Namibia, Land of the Brave 1991 Axali Doëseb Axali Doëseb
Namibia, Land of the Brave
 Nauru Nauru Bwiema (Song of Nauru) 1968 Margaret Hendrie Laurence Henry Hicks
 Nepal Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka (Hundreds of Flowers)[21] 2007 Byakul Maila[22] Ambar Gurung
Sayaun Thunga Phool Ka
 Netherlands Wilhelmus (William) 1932 unknown Adrianus Valerius
The Wilhelmus
 New Zealand God Defend New Zealand 1940 (national hymn)[note 8]
1977 (national anthem)[note 8]
Thomas Bracken (English version)[note 8]
Thomas H. Smith (Māori version)[note 8]
John Joseph Woods[note 8]
God Defend New Zealand
 Nicaragua Salve a ti, Nicaragua (Hail to Thee, Nicaragua) 1971 Salomón Ibarra Mayorga Luis A. Delgadillo
 Niger La Nigérienne (The Nigerien) 1961 Maurice Albert Thiriet Robert Jacquet and Nicolas Abel François Frionnet
 Nigeria Arise O Compatriots, Nigeria's Call Obey 1978 John A. Ilechukwu, Eme Etim Akpan, B. A. Ogunnaike, Sotu Omoigui, and P. O. Aderibighe Nigerian Police Band, under the directorship of B. E. Odiase
Arise O compatriots, Nigeria's Call Obey
 Norway Ja, vi elsker dette landet (Yes, We Love This Country)[note 9] 1864 (de facto) Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson Rikard Nordraak
Ja, vi elsker dette landet
 Oman Nashid as-Salaam as-Sultani (National Anthem of Oman) 1932 Rashid bin Uzayyiz Al Khusaidi James Frederick Mills, arranged by Bernard Ebbinghaus
 Pakistan Qaumī Tarāna (National Anthem) 1954 Hafeez Jullundhri Ahmed Ghulamali Chagla
Qaumī Tarāna
 Palau Belau rekid (Our Palau) 1980 multiple Ymesei O. Ezekiel
 Panama Himno Istmeño (Hymn of the Isthmus) 1925 Jeronimo de la Ossa Santos Jorge
Himno Istmeño
 Papua New Guinea O Arise, All You Sons[note 1] 1975 Tom Shacklady Tom Shacklady
 Paraguay Paraguayos, República o Muerte (Paraguayans, the Republic or Death) 1933 Francisco Acuña de Figueroa Francisco José Debali
Paraguayos, República o Muerte
 Peru Himno Nacional del Perú (National Anthem of Peru) 1821 José de la Torre Ugarte y Alarcón Jose Bernardo Alcedo
Himno Nacional del Perú
 Philippines Lupang Hinirang (Chosen Land) 1898 José Palma Julián Felipe
Lupang Hinirang
 Poland Mazurek Dąbrowskiego (Poland Is Not Yet Lost, So long as we still live)[note 10] 1926 Józef Wybicki unknown
Mazurek Dąbrowskiego
 Portugal A Portuguesa (The Portuguese) 1911 Henrique Lopes de Mendonça Alfredo Keil
A Portuguesa
 Qatar As Salam al Amiri (National Anthem of Qatar) 1996 Sheikh Mubarak bin Saïf al-Thani Abdul Aziz Nasser Obaidan
 Romania Deşteaptă-te, române! (Awaken Thee, Romanian) 1990 Andrei Mureşanu Anton Pann and Gheorghe Ucenescu
Deşteaptă-te, române!
 Russian Federation Gosudarstvenny Gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii (State Hymn of the Russian Federation) 2000 Sergey Mikhalkov Alexander Vasilyevich Alexandrov
Gosudarstvenny Gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii
 Rwanda Rwanda nziza (Beautiful Rwanda) 2002 Faustin Murigo Jean-Bosco Hashakimana
 Saint Kitts and Nevis O Land of Beauty![note 1] 1983 Kenrick Georges Kenrick Georges
O Land of Beauty!
 Saint Lucia Sons and Daughters of Saint Lucia 1979 Charles Jesse Leton Felix Thomas
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines St Vincent Land So Beautiful 1979 Phyllis Punnett Joel Bertram Miguel
 Samoa The Banner of Freedom 1962 Sauni Iiga Kuresa Sauni Iiga Kuresa
 San Marino Inno Nazionale della Repubblica (The National Anthem of the Republic) 1894 Federico Consolo Federico Consolo
 São Tomé and Príncipe Independência total (Total Independence) 1975 Alda Neves da Graça do Espírito Santo Manuel dos Santos Barreto de Sousa e Almeida
 Saudi Arabia As-Salam Al Malaki (The Royal Salute) 1950 Ibrahim Khafaji Abdul Rahman Al-Khateeb
As-Salam Al Malaki
 Senegal Pincez Tous vos Koras, Frappez les Balafons (Strum your Koras, Strike the Balafons) 1960 Léopold Sédar Senghor Herbert Pepper
 Serbia Bože pravde (God of Justice or Lord, Give Us Justice) 1882 (de facto)
2006 (de jure)
Jovan Đorđević Davorin Jenko
Bože pravde
 Seychelles Koste Seselwa (Join together all Seychellois) adopted 1996 David François Marc André and George Charles Robert Payet David François Marc André and George Charles Robert Payet
 Sierra Leone High We Exalt Thee, Realm of the Free 1961 Clifford Nelson Fyle John Akar
 Singapore Majulah Singapura (Onward Singapore) 1965 Zubir Said Zubir Said
 Slovakia Nad Tatrou sa blýska (Storm Over the Tatras)[note 6] 1918 Janko Matúška folk tune
Nad Tatrou sa blýska
 Slovenia Zdravljica (A Toast)[note 11] 1989 France Prešeren Stanko Premrl
Zdravljica
 Solomon Islands God Save Our Solomon Islands[note 1] 1978 Panapasa Balekana and Matila Balekana Panapasa Balekana
 Somalia Somaliyaay toosoo (Somalia, Wake Up) 2000 Ali Mire Awale Ali Mire Awale
 South Africa National Anthem of South Africa[note 12] 1997 Enoch Sontonga and C. J. Langenhoven Enoch Sontonga and Marthinus Lourens de Villiers
National Anthem of South Africa
 South Sudan South Sudan Oyee! 2011 Students and teachers of Juba University, 2011[23]
 Spain La Marcha Real (The Royal March) 1770 none unknown
'La Marcha Real'
 Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Matha (Mother Sri Lanka) 1951 Ananda Samarakoon Ananda Samarakoon
Sri Lanka Matha
 Sudan Nahnu Jund Allah Jund Al-Watan (We Are the Army of God and of Our Land) 1956 Sayyed Ahmed Mohammed Salih Ahmed Murjan
 Suriname God zij met ons Suriname (God Be With Our Suriname) adopted 1959 Cornelis Atses Hoekstra and Henry de Ziel, Johannes Corstianus de Puy
 Swaziland Nkulunkulu Mnikati wetibusiso temaSwati (O Lord our God of the Swazi) 1968 Andrease Enoke Fanyana Simelane David Kenneth Rycroft
 Sweden Du gamla, Du fria (Thou Ancient, Thou Free)[note 13] 19th century (de facto), never officially adopted Richard Dybeck folk tune
Du gamla, Du fria
 Switzerland Schweizerpsalm (Swiss Psalm) 1961 (de facto)
1981 (de jure)
Leonhard Widmer (German), Charles Chatelanat (French), Camillo Valsangiacomo (Italian), and Flurin Camathias (Romansch) Alberich Zwyssig
Schweizerpsalm
 Syria Humāt ad-Diyār (Guardians of the Homeland) 1936 Khalil Mardam Bey Mohammed Flayfel and Ahmad Salim Flayfel File:Syrianthem.mid Humāt ad-Diyār
 Tajikistan Surudi Milli (National Anthem) 1991 Gulnazar Keldi Suleiman Yudakov
 Tanzania Mungu ibariki Afrika (God Bless Africa) 1961 collectively Enoch Sontonga
 Thailand Phleng Chat (National Song)[note 14] 1939 Luang Saranupraphan Peter Feit
Phleng Chat
 Togo Salut à toi, pays de nos aïeux (Hail to Thee, Land of our Forefathers) 1960 Alex Casimir-Dosseh Alex Casimir-Dosseh
 Tonga Ko e fasi ʻo e tuʻi ʻo e ʻOtu Tonga (Song of the King of the Tonga Islands) 1875 Uelingatoni Ngū Tupoumalohi Karl Gustavus Schmitt File:Fasi fakafonua.mid Ko e fasi ʻo e tuʻi ʻo e ʻOtu Tonga
 Trinidad and Tobago Forged from the Love of Liberty 1962 Patrick Castagne Patrick Castagne
 Tunisia Humat al-Hima (Defenders of the Homeland) 1987 Mustafa Sadiq Al-Rafi'i and Aboul-Qacem Echebbi Mohammed Abdelwahab
Humat al-Hima
 Turkey İstiklâl Marşı (The March of Independence) 1921 Mehmet Akif Ersoy Osman Zeki Üngör
İstiklâl Marşı
 Turkmenistan Türkmenbaşyň guran beýik binasy (Independent, Neutral, Turkmenistan State Anthem) 2008 collectively Veli Mukhatov
Türkmenbaşyň guran beýik binasy
 Tuvalu Tuvalu mo te Atua (Tuvalu for the Almighty)[note 1] 1978 Afaese Manoa Afaese Manoa
 Uganda Oh Uganda, Land of Beauty 1962 George Wilberforce Kakoma George Wilberforce Kakoma
 Ukraine Shche ne vmerla Ukrainy (Ukraine's Glory Has Not Perished) 1917 Pavlo Chubynsky Mykhaylo Verbytsky
Shche ne vmerla Ukrainy
 United Arab Emirates Ishy Biladi (Long Live my Homeland) 1971 Arif Al Sheikh Abdullah Al Hassan Saad Abdel Wahab
Ishy Biladi
 United Kingdom God Save the Queen 1745 unknown unknown
God Save the Queen
 United States The Star-Spangled Banner 1931 Francis Scott Key John Stafford Smith
The Star-Spangled Banner
 Uruguay Himno Nacional (National Anthem) 1848 Francisco Acuña de Figueroa Francisco José Debali
Himno Nacional
 Uzbekistan O`zbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi (National Anthem of the Republic of Uzbekistan) 1991 Abdulla Aripov Mutal Burhanov
O`zbekiston Respublikasining Davlat Madhiyasi
 Vanuatu Yumi, Yumi, Yumi (We, We, We) 1980 François Vincent Ayssav François Vincent Ayssav
Yumi, Yumi, Yumi
 Vatican City Marche Pontificale
(Pontifical Anthem and March)
1949 Antonio Allegra Charles Gounod
Marche Pontificale
 Venezuela Gloria al Bravo Pueblo (Glory to the Brave People) 1881 Vicente Salias Juan José Landaeta
Gloria al Bravo Pueblo
 Vietnam Tiến Quân Ca (Song of Advancing Soldier) 1945 Văn Cao Văn Cao
Tiến Quân Ca
 Yemen National anthem of Yemen 1990 Abdallah Abdulwahab Noman Ayoob Tarish
National anthem of Yemen
 Zambia Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free 1964 collective Enoch Sontonga
 Zimbabwe Simudzai Mureza WeZimbabwe (Blessed Be The Land of Zimbabwe) 1994 Solomon Mutswairo Fred Changundega

Anthems of other states

This table includes anthems of de facto sovereign states which are not members of the United Nations. Many of them have received little or no recognition from the international community; some are widely considered to be part of one of the countries listed above.

Nation National anthem Date adopted Lyrics writer Music writer Audio
 Abkhazia Aiaaira
(Victory)
1992 Genady Alamiya Valera Çkaduwa
 Republic of China (Taiwan) San Min Chu I
(Three Principles of the People)[note 15]
1937 (de facto)
1943 (de jure)
Sun Yat-sen Ch'eng Mao-yün
 Kosovo Europe[24] 2008 No lyrics[24] Mendi Mengjiqi[24]
Europe
 Nagorno-Karabakh Azat u ankakh Artsakh
(Free and independent Artsakh)
1992 Vardan Hakobyan Armen Nasibyan
 Palestine Biladi
(My Country)
1996 Said Al Muzayin Ali Ismael
 Somaliland Samo ku waar 1991 unknown unknown
 South Ossetia Respublikæ Hussar Irystony Paddzahadon Gimn
(National Anthem of South Ossetia)
1995 Totraz Kokaev Felix Alborov
 Transnistria My slavim tebia, Pridnestrovie
(We glorify you, Pridnestrovie)
1992 Boris Parmenov, Vitaly Pishenko, Nicholas Bozhko Boris Alexandrov
 Western Sahara Yā Banīy As-Saharā
(O Sons of the Sahara)
1979 unknown unknown

See also

Russian anthem at Victory Day Parade 2010.ogg
Instrumental performance of the Russian national anthem at the 2010 Moscow Victory Day Parade in Moscow's Red Square, resplendent with a 21 gun salute


External links

  • [1] Kurdish national anthem in Sorani-Kurdish

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i God Save the Queen is one of New Zealand's two national anthems and the royal anthem of Antigua and Barbuda, Australia, the Bahamas, Canada, Jamaica, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts and Nevis, the Solomon Islands, and Tuvalu.
  2. ^ My Belarusy was originally adopted by the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic.
  3. ^ Lijepa naša domovino was originally adopted by the Socialist Republic of Croatia.
  4. ^ a b Hymn to Liberty is the national anthem of both Cyprus and Greece.
  5. ^ By the power of the Constitution of Cyprus, the Turkish national anthem İstiklâl Marşı was used when a Turkish Cypriot representative was present. The practice lasted up to 1963.
  6. ^ a b Originally adopted by Czechoslovakia in 1918, and latter in 1993 by both Slovakia and Czech Republic.
  7. ^ Denmark's royal anthem is Kong Kristian (King Christian).
  8. ^ a b c d e This refers to God Defend New Zealand, not God Save the Queen.
  9. ^ Norway's royal anthem is Kongesangen.
  10. ^ Also known by its incipit: Jeszcze Polska nie zginęła (Poland Is Not Yet Lost).
  11. ^ Zdravljica was originally adopted by the Socialist Republic of Slovenia. Only the seventh stanza of the song is used as the national anthem.
  12. ^ The National Anthem of South Africa is a hybrid of Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika (God Bless Africa) and Die Stem van Suid-Afrika (The Call of South Africa).
  13. ^ Sweden's royal anthem is Kungssången.
  14. ^ Thailand's royal anthem is Phleng Sansoen Phra Barami.
  15. ^ National Banner Song is used as the alternate anthem for Republic of China (Taiwan) at international events such as the Olympic Games.

References

General
Specific
  1. ^ "Anthem". Reference.com. Lexico Publishing Group. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/anthem. Retrieved 2008-06-26. 
  2. ^ "National anthem". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2008. 
  3. ^ "Royal anthem "God Save The Queen"". Department of Canadian Heritage. http://www.pch.gc.ca/progs/cpsc-ccsp/sc-cs/godsave_e.cfm. Retrieved 2008-04-17. 
  4. ^ "What are the world’s oldest national anthems?". NationalAnthems.me. http://nationalanthems.me/more/worlds-oldest-national-anthems/. Retrieved 2011-08-14. 
  5. ^ "The Dutch Royal House". Dutch Royal House. Archived from the original on 2008-02-10. http://web.archive.org/web/20080210032558/http://www.koninklijkhuis.nl/english/content.jsp?objectid=13327. Retrieved 2008-04-17. 
  6. ^ Japan Policy Research Institute JPRI Working Paper No. 79. Published July 2001. Retrieved July 7, 2007
  7. ^ "Lost for words". The Economist. 2007-07-26. http://www.economist.com/world/europe/displaystory.cfm?story_id=9558331. Retrieved 2008-04-17. 
  8. ^ "'Bird's Nest' Ballads: Olympic National Anthems". NPR. 2008-08-07. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=93283699. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  9. ^ God Save the King. 15. The Gentleman's Magazine. October 1745. 
  10. ^ "La Marseillaise". Fordham University. http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/marseill.html. Retrieved 2008-04-17. 
  11. ^ "This town cherishes Tagore". The Times of India. 2006-08-15. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/1894028.cms. Retrieved 2008-04-17. 
  12. ^ "Facts and figures". Government of Switzerland. http://www.ch.ch/schweiz/01063/01065/index.html?lang=en. Retrieved 2008-04-17. 
  13. ^ Ash, Timothy Garton (2008-01-17). "There are great national anthems - now we need an international one". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2008/jan/17/kosovo.serbia. Retrieved 2008-04-17. 
  14. ^ "List of Member States". United Nations. http://www.un.org/members/list.shtml. Retrieved 2011-07-21. 
  15. ^ National Anthems of the World (7th ed.) pp. 12–13
  16. ^ National Anthems of the World (7th ed.) pp. 14–17
  17. ^ National Anthems of the World (7th ed.) pp. 18–21
  18. ^ "Elementary schools face new mandate: Patriotism, 'Kimigayo'". The Japan Times Online (Kyodo News). 2008-03-29. http://search.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/nn20080329a3.html. Retrieved 2011-08-20. 
  19. ^ "国旗及び国歌に関する法律 (法律第百二十七号)" (in Japanese). Government of Japan. 1999-08-13. http://law.e-gov.go.jp/htmldata/H11/H11HO127.html. Retrieved 2011-08-20. 
  20. ^ Datenbank-europa.de
  21. ^ Christine Zuchora-Walske (2008). Nepal in Pictures. Twenty-First Century Books. p. 69. ISBN 0822585782. http://books.google.ca/books?id=SYNV0G7ZGokC&pg=PA69&dq=%22Sayaun+Thunga+Phool+Ka%22&hl=en&ei=VzUrTv-kKKXJsQKJ3dC4Cw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CCwQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=%22Sayaun%20Thunga%20Phool%20Ka%22&f=false. Retrieved 2011-07-23. 
  22. ^ "Nepali Cabinet Approves New National Anthem". People's Daily. 2007-04-20. http://english.people.com.cn/200704/20/eng20070420_368365.html. Retrieved 2011-07-23. 
  23. ^ Martell, Peter (2011-01-11). "A Song for South Sudan: Writing a New National Anthem". BBC News. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-12164171. Retrieved 10 July 2011. 
  24. ^ a b c "Kosovo Approves Anthem with No Lyrics". Balkan Insight. 2008-06-11. Archived from the original on 2008-06-12. http://web.archive.org/web/20080612083247/http://balkaninsight.com/en/main/news/10909/. Retrieved 2008-06-11. "Most of the parliamentary groups said they listened to all three shortlisted proposals but opted for the composition called ‘Europe’ by Mehdi Mengjiqi, which has no lyrics as it would respect the multi-ethnic nature of Kosovo." 



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