Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act
Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act is
Indian law aimed at effective prevention of unlawful activities associations in India.
The National Integration Council appointed a Committee on National Integration and Regionalisation to look into, "inter alia", the aspect of putting reasonable restrictions in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India. Pursuant to the acceptance of recommendations of the Committee, the Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1963 was enacted to impose, by law, reasonable restrictions in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India. In order to implement the provisions of 1963 Act, the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Bill was introduced in the Parliament.
Pursuant to the acceptance by Government of a unanimous recommendation of the Committee on National Integration and Regionalism appointed by the National Integration Council, the Constitution (Sixteenth Amendment) Act, 1963, was enacted empowering Parliament to impose, by law, reasonable restrictions in the interests of sovereignty and integrity of India, on the:
# Freedom of Speech and Expression;
# Right to Assemble peaceably and without arms; and
# Right to Form Associations or Unions.
The object of this Bill was to make powers available for dealing with activities directed against the integrity and sovereignty of India.
The Bill was passed by both the Houses of Parliament and received the assent of the President on 30th December 1967. The Amending Acts are as follows:
# The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 1969;
# The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 1972;
# The Delegated Legislation Provisions (Amendment) Act, 1986;
# The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2004.
This last Amendment was enacted after POTA was withdrawn by the Parliament. However, in the last Amendment Act, 2004, all provisions of POTA were incorporated, thus making it equally draconian. [cite web|date=
October 12, 2004|url=http://www.hrdc.net/sahrdc/hrfeatures/HRF106.htm|title=The Reincarnation of POTA|publisher=Human Rights Features]
On 14 May 2007, prominent doctor and human rights defender Dr Binayak Sen was arrested under this act by the
Chhattisgarhgovernment. This raised a lot of criticism of this act again and twenty two Nobel Prizewinners wrote to the Indian Government in response for the release of Dr. Sen, arguing that "he is charged under two internal security laws that do not comport with international human rights standards”". [cite web|date= May 9, 2008|url=http://binayaksen.net/download/Nobel-Statement.pdf|title=Nobel-Statement]
Ajay TG, an Independent Film maker and Journalist is also arrested under same act.Fact|date=June 2008
* [http://www.mha.nic.in/acts-rules/The%20Unlawful%20Activities%20Prevention%20Act,%201967.pdf Text of Act] Dead link|date=June 2008
* [http://books.rediff.com/bookshop/bkproductdisplay.jsp?prrfnbr=81495080&pvrfnbr=81737698&multiple=false&frompg] Dead link|date=June 2008
* [http://binayaksen.net/download/indian_repressive_laws.pdf Repressive Laws in India page 12]
* [http://www.hrdc.net/sahrdc/hrfeatures/HRF106.htm The Reincarnation of POTA]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act de 1985 — Titre (en) Terrorist and Disruptive Activities (Prevention) Act Abréviation TADA Pays … Wikipédia en Français
Loi sur la prévention des activités illégales — Titre (en) Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act Pays Inde Terri … Wikipédia en Français
Chhattisgarh Special Public Security Act — Chhattisgarh Special Public Security Act, 2005 (CSPSA),(also called as Chhattisgarh Vishesh Jan Suraksha Adhiniyam, 2005)is a law in the state of Chhattisgarh passed by the Chhattisgarh assembly in December 2005. The Bill received the assent of… … Wikipedia
USA PATRIOT Act — Full title Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 Acronym USA PATRIOT Act, also Patriot Act Enacted by the 107th United States Congress … Wikipedia
REAL ID Act — of 2005 Full title To establish and rapidly implement regulations for State driver s license and identification document security standards, to prevent terrorists from abusing the asylum laws of the United States, to unify terrorism related… … Wikipedia
History of the USA PATRIOT Act — The history of the USA PATRIOT Act involved many parties who opposed and supported the legislation, which was proposed, enacted and signed into law a month and a half after the September 11 terrorist attacks of New York City in 2001. The USA… … Wikipedia
Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918 — The Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918 (MBTA), codified at 16 U.S.C. §§ 703–712 (although §709 is omitted), is a United States federal law, at first enacted in 1916 in order implement the convention for the protection of migratory birds… … Wikipedia
CIA transnational activities in counterproliferation — This article deals with activities of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, specifically dealing with arms control, weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and weapons proliferation. It attempts to look at the process of tasking and analyzing, rather… … Wikipedia
USA PATRIOT Act, Title III — The USA PATRIOT Act was passed by the United States Congress in 2001 as a response to the September 11, 2001 attacks. It has ten titles, each containing numerous sections. Title III: International Money Laundering Abatement and Financial Anti… … Wikipedia
Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) Act (Singapore) — Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) Act A police officer equipped with a firearm and handcuffs An Act to make temporary provisions for the maintenance of public order, the control of supplies by sea to Singapore, and the prevention of strikes and … Wikipedia