Lord High Admiral of Scotland

The Lord High Admiral of Scotland was one of the Great Offices of State of Scotland before the Union with England in 1707.

The office was one of considerable power, also known as "Royal Scottish Admiralty", including command of the King's ships and sailors (see Royal Scottish Navy) and inspection of all sea ports, harbours, and sea coasts. The Admiral appointed judges to decided causes relating to maritime affairs, including both civil and criminal jurisdiction, and juridsiction over creeks, fresh and navigable waterways. The duties were exercised through Vice-Admirals and Admirals-Depute, later called Judge Admirals.

Apart from occasional earlier references, the office seems to have originated in the early 15th century and was held by once held by Sir Robert Logan of Grugar, later also of Restalrig and the Earls of Bothwell and the Dukes of Lennox. It was one of the heritable offices that Charles II gave to his illegitimate son Charles Lennox, 1st Duke of Richmond and Lennox.

By the Act of Union 1707 all admiralty jurisdictions were placed under the Lord High Admiral of Great Britain or Commissioners of the Admiralty. Nevertheless the Vice-Admiral of Scotland who received his commission from the Crown continued to appoint the Judge Admiral (until 1782) and Admirals-depute and to rank as an Officer of the Crown.

The Public Offices (Scotland) Act 1817 provided that no person thereafter appointed as Vice Admiral should receive a salary. The Admiralty Court in Edinburgh was abolished in 1830.

List of Lord High Admirals

* Henry Sinclair, 1st Earl of Orkney
* George Crichton, 1st Earl of Caithness
* William Sinclair, 1st Earl of Caithness
* David Lindsay, 1st Duke of Montrose
* Alexander Stewart, 1st Duke of Albany
* Patrick Hepburn, 1st Earl of Bothwell
* James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran
* Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus
* Robert Maxwell, 4th Lord Maxwell
*Sir Robert Logan of Grugar, later also of Restalrig 1400
* Adam Hepburn, 2nd Earl of Bothwell 1511
* Patrick Hepburn, 3rd Earl of Bothwell 1524
* James Douglas, 4th Earl of Morton 1567
* Francis Stewart, 1st Earl of Bothwell 1587
* James Stuart, 4th Duke of Lennox 1626
* Alexander Bruce, 3rd Earl of Kincardine 1668
* James Duke of York 1673
* William Douglas, Duke of Hamilton 1692
* Charles Stewart, 6th Duke of Lennox 1694
* James Graham, 1st Duke of Montrose 1702
* David Wemyss, 4th Earl of Wemyss 1706-1707, thereafter Vice-Admiral

List of Vice Admirals

* David Wemyss, 4th Earl of Wemyss
* John Hamilton-Leslie, 9th Earl of Rothes
* Charles Douglas, 3rd Duke of Queensberry
* John Dalrymple, 2nd Earl of Stair
* George Douglas, 13th Earl of Morton
* James Ogilvy, 5th Earl of Findlater
* John Carmichael, 3rd Earl of Hyndford
* William Douglas, 4th Duke of Queensberry
* John Campbell, 3rd Earl of Breadalbane and Holland
* Lord William Gordon, son of Cosmo Gordon, 3rd Duke of Gordon
* William Cathcart, 1st Earl Cathcart


*Stair Memorial Encyclopaedia of the Laws of Scotland
* [http://www.statutelaw.gov.uk/content.aspx?LegType=All+Legislation&title=public+offices&searchEnacted=0&extentMatchOnly=0&confersPower=0&blanketAmendment=0&sortAlpha=0&TYPE=QS&PageNumber=1&NavFrom=0&parentActiveTextDocId=1028911&ActiveTextDocId=1028922&filesize=382 Public Offices (Scotland) Act 1817]

ee also

*List of Lord High Admirals and vice Admirals of the Royal Scots Admiralty

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