Mudanjiang


Mudanjiang
Mudanjiang
牡丹江
—  Prefecture-level city  —
牡丹江市
Mudanjiang City (red) in Heilongjiang province (orange) and China
Mudanjiang is located in Heilongjiang
Mudanjiang
Location of the city centre in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 44°33′N 129°38′E / 44.55°N 129.633°E / 44.55; 129.633Coordinates: 44°33′N 129°38′E / 44.55°N 129.633°E / 44.55; 129.633
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
Area
 – Prefecture-level city 40,435 km2 (15,612 sq mi)
 – Urban 1,608 km2 (620.9 sq mi)
 – Metro 1,608 km2 (620.9 sq mi)
Elevation 233 m (764 ft)
Population (2010 census)
 – Prefecture-level city 2,798,723
 – Density 69.2/km2 (179.3/sq mi)
 – Urban 805,584
 – Urban density 501/km2 (1,297.5/sq mi)
 – Metro 805,584
Time zone China standard time (UTC+8)
Licence plates 黑C

Mudanjiang (Chinese: 牡丹江; pinyin: Mǔdānjiāng; Manchu: Mudan bira ᠮᡠᡩ᠋ᠠᠨ ᠪᡳᡵᠠ) is a prefecture-level city in Heilongjiang province of the People's Republic of China. The administrative seat of the prefecture resides in Mudanjiang City. It was called Botankou when it was under Japanese occuption. It serves as a regional communications hub with a railway junction and an international airport connecting with several major Chinese cities as well as Seoul, Korea. Mudanjiang is also an important border city, located only 248 km from Vladivostok, Russia. In 2007 Mudanjiang had a GDP of RMB 42.1 billion with a 13.3% growth rate.

Its population is 2,798,723 at the 2010 census whom 805,584 live in the built up area made of 4 urban districts.


Contents

Administrative divisions

Mudanjiang mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2003 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Aimin District 爱民区 Àimín Qū 230,000 359 641
2 Dong'an District 东安区 Dōng'ān Qū 180,000 566 318
3 Yangming District 阳明区 Yángmíng Qū 160,000 358 447
4 Xi'an District 西安区 Xī'ān Qū 210,000 325 646
5 Muling City 穆棱市 Mùlíng Shì 330,000 6,094 54
6 Suifenhe City 绥芬河市 Suífēnhé Shi 60,000 427 141
7 Hailin City 海林市 Hǎilín Shì 440,000 9,877 45
8 Ning'an City 宁安市 Níng'ān Shì 440,000 7,870 56
9 Dongning County 东宁县 Dōngníng Xiàn 210,000 7,368 29
10 Linkou County 林口县 Línkǒu Xiàn 450,000 7,191 63

Geography

Mudanjiang
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
4.7
 
−11
−23
 
 
5.5
 
−5
−18
 
 
11
 
3
−9
 
 
26
 
14
0
 
 
54
 
21
7
 
 
91
 
25
14
 
 
121
 
28
18
 
 
109
 
27
17
 
 
60
 
21
9
 
 
35
 
13
0
 
 
13
 
1
−10
 
 
7.9
 
−8
−19
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: CMA [1]

Mudanjiang is located in southeastern Heilongjiang province, and is also the province's southernmost prefecture. Neighbouring prefectures are:

It also borders Russia's Primorsky Krai to the east. The average elevation in the prefecture is 230 metres (755 ft), with the terrain primarily consisting of mountains and hills. The east of the prefecture begins to ascend to the Changbai Mountains, while the central parts belong to the Hegu Basin. The lowest part of the prefecture is Suifenhe City, bordering Russia, at a minimum elevation of 86.5 metres (283.8 ft), while the highest point is Zhangguangcai, at 1,686.9 metres (5,534 ft).

Under the Köppen climate classification, Mudanjiang features a monsoon-influenced, humid continental climate (Dwa) with hot, humid summers and very cold winters. Its winters are dry and bitterly cold, with a 24-hour average in January of only −17.3 °C (0.9 °F), yet the city see little precipitation during this season and is often sunny. Moreover, winter temperatures are far warmer than much of the rest of the province, and the city's basin location helps protect it from biting winds. Summers can be hot, with a July mean temperature of 22.3 °C (72.1 °F). Summer is also when most of the year's rainfall occurs. Spring and autumn constitute brief transition periods with variable wind directions.

Tourism

Named after the Mudan River, the region's premier tourist attraction is Jingpo Lake famous for its craggy limestone cliffs (similar to those of Guilin) and its turquoise waters containing Ericton fish and fresh water coral. Jingbo Lake is the only lava-dammed lake caused by volcanic eruption in China. Other sites include the National Forest Park and the Skee Field by Mudan Mountain, and the Breeding Center for the Siberian Tiger. Besides lamb hotpot, fish feast and gluten cake, the best local dishes also include hazel mushrooms and venison. Most of them are derived from Northeast China or Korean culinary styles. The fish feast and the stewed dishes are among the most famous delights.[2]

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Mudanjiang — Lage Mudanjiangs in Heilongjiang Blick über Mudanjiang Mudanjiang (牡丹江市) ist ei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Mudanjiang — Mu·dan·jiang (mo͞oʹdänʹjyängʹ) also Mu·tan·chiang ( tänʹchyängʹ) A city of northeast China southeast of Harbin. It is a railroad junction and industrial center. Population: 750,585. * * * ▪ China Wade Giles romanization  Mu tan chiang        city …   Universalium

  • Mudanjiang — Original name in latin Mudanjiang Name in other language MDG, Mu tan chiang, Mu tan chiang shih, Mudan czjan, Mudanjiang, Mudanjiang Shi, Mutankiang, mu dan jiang, mu dan jiang shi, Муданьцзян State code CN Continent/City Asia/Harbin longitude 44 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Mudanjiang — or Mu tan chiang or Mutankiang geographical name city NE China in S Heilongjiang on the Mudan River (310 miles or 496 kilometers flowing NE into Songhua River) population 571,705 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Mudanjiang — noun a city in Heilongjiang province, China …   Wiktionary

  • Mudanjiang — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Mudanjiang Hailang Airport — 牡丹江海浪机场 Mǔdānjiāng Hǎilàng Jīchǎng IATA: MDG – ICAO: ZYMD Summary Airport type Public Serves Mudanjiang …   Wikipedia


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