Lavo Čermelj

Lavo Čermelj, Italianized in "Lavo Cermeli" (October 10 1889 - January 26 1980) was a Slovene physicist, political activist, publicist and author.

Life

Lavo Čermelj was born in Trieste, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. After finishing the German language lyceum in his native town, he enrolled to the Charles University in Prague, where he studied law for one year. He then switched to the University of Vienna, where he studied mathematics and physics, graduating from physics in 1914. During World War One he was drafted in the Austro-Hungarian Army. After the war he returned to Trieste, then already part of the Kingdom of Italy, where he worked as a professor at a private Slovene language high school. In the late 1920s he collaborated with several underground organizations that were resisting the policies of Fascist Italianization in the Julian March. When his activities were traced by the Italian Fascist secret police, he illegally emigrated to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. He settled in Ljubljana, and got employed at the Bežigrad Grammar School.

In the early 1930s, he started actively working as a researcher at the Minority Institute in Ljubljana, a private institution establsihed to study the position of Slovene minortites in Italy, Austria and Hungary. In 1935, he published the monograph "Life - and - death Struggle of a National Minority: the Yugoslavs in Italy", in which he described the persecution of the Slovenes and Croats in the Julian March and in the Venetian Slovenia. The book was later translated into French, German, Italian and Russian, becoming a referential work on the subject.

When the Italian army occupied the so-called Province of Ljubljana after the invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941, Čermelj was arrested by the Italian authorities and trialed at the Second Trieste trial. He was sentenced to death, but the convistion was later converted to life imprisoment. He was sent to the maximum security prision on the island of Elba. In 1944 he was released by the Allied troops and joined the Yugoslav partisans. After World War Two, he collaborated as an expert for the Yugoslav foreign ministry, and after 1947 he dedicated himself mostly to the study of the legal position of the Slovene minority in Italy.

Čermelj also wrote several books and articles for the popularization of science.

He died in Ljubljana.

External links

* [http://www.spletna-knjigarna.si/default.cfm?Jezik=Sl&Kat=041201&Artikel=2267&ProdID=2267&Quantity=1 Bibliography]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Trieste — Infobox CityIT image caption = Piazza Unità d Italia img coa = Trieste Stemma.svg official name = Comune di Trieste region = Friuli Venezia Giulia province = Trieste (TS) elevation m = 2 area total km2 = 84 population as of = December 31, 2007… …   Wikipedia

  • Venetian Slovenia — ( sl. Beneška Slovenija, it. Slavia Veneta or Slavia Friulana, fu. Sclavanie) is a small mountainous region in northeastern Italy, in the area between the towns of Cividale del Friuli ( sl. Čedad), Tarcento ( sl. Čenta) and Gemona ( sl. Humin)… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Slovenes — This is a list of Slovenes and people from Slovenia that are famous or notable. Artists / Performing Arts * Zvest Apollonio (1935 ) painter and graphic artist. * Berko (1946 ) painter and graphic artist. * Emerik Bernard (1927 ) painter. * Janez… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Slovenian physicists — This is a list of the most famous Slovenian physicists. NOTOC A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A * Miroslav Adlešič * Anton Ambschell (1751 1821) B * Robert Blinc (1933 ) * Silvo Breskvar (1902 1969) C * Andrej Čadež… …   Wikipedia

  • Society of Mathematicians, Physicists and Astronomers of Slovenia — The Society of Mathematicians, Physicists and Astronomers of Slovenia (Slovene: Društvo matematikov, fizikov in astronomov Slovenije, DMFA) is the main Slovene society in the field of mathematics, physics and astronomy. The Society is occupied… …   Wikipedia

  • Bežigrad Grammar School — infobox high school name = Bežigrad Grammar School native name = Gimnazija Bežigrad streetaddress = Peričeva 4 city = Ljubljana country = SVN coordinates = coord|46|03|51|N|14|30|42|E|display=inline,title head of school = Janez Šušteršič… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Slovenian astronomers — A list of notable astronomers from Slovenia: A * Anton Ambschel (1749 – 1821) B * Maruša Bradač * Franc Breckerfeld (1681 – 1744) * Silvo Breskvar (1902 – 1969) Č * Andrej Čadež (1942 – ) * Lavo Čermelj (1889 – 1980) D * Bojan Dintinjana * Franjo …   Wikipedia

  • Gimnazija Bežigrad — infobox high school name = Bežigrad Grammar School native name = Gimnazija Bežigrad streetaddress = Peričeva 4 city = Ljubljana country = SVN coordinates = coord|46|03|51|N|14|30|42|E|display=inline,title head of school = Janez Šušteršič… …   Wikipedia

  • France Bevk — Infobox Writer name = France Bevk caption = birth date = birth date|1890|9|17 birth place = Zakojca near Cerkno, Austrian Littoral death date = death date|1970|9|17 death place = Ljubljana, Slovenia occupation = Writer nationality = Slovene… …   Wikipedia

  • France Bevk — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda France Bevk (* 17 de septiembre de 1890 en Zakojca, † 17 de septiembre de 1970 en Ljubljana) fue un escritor, poeta y traductor esloveno. También firmó sus obras con el seudónimo Pavle Sedmak. Fue vicepresidente de… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.