Dar al-Manasir

Dar al-Manasir as seen from the top of Gebel Musa

Dar al-Manasir (Arabic: دار المناصير‎) is the region of the Fourth Cataract, the most impassable of all rapids of the Nile. It is the homeland of the Arab tribe of the Manasir and from them gets its name. Still today the water rapids cannot be crossed by any large boats making the region accessible only via a sandy and rocky desert track.

At the height of the Island of Muqrat (N 19°30') the Nile river is blocked from its northward course taking a sharp turn SSW for 280 kilometres before continuing to flow north. In the middle of this S-shape between the Bayudah Desert to the south and the Nubian Desert to the north, the Nile is forced by the topography to split up into a multitude of tributaries forming a fertile river oasis of small rocky islands described by the traveller GRAY (1949:120) with the following words: "Whereas usually [agriculture] in the Nile Valley […] is confined to the belt on two banks on which the river has deposited silt, in this cataract area, where islands are scattered like a flock of goats, the number of silt-covered river banks in any given 10 kilometres may be up to a dozen".

Dar al-Manasir will be successively flooded by the Merowe Dam project.

Contents

Extent

The local map of Dar al-Manasir in Shiri

Dar al-Manasir is confined by the upstream living Rubatab tribe (الرباطاب) in the area of Abu Hamed (أبو حمد) (E 33.18°) and the downstream Shaiqiyah tribe (الشايقية) past the village of Birti (E 32.15°), (cf. LAGNAH 2005:2). Dar al-Manasir is covering a distance of approximately 130 km along the Nile with most villages lined up along the left river bank called "western side" (…). But the heart of Dar al-Manasir consists of 14 islands, twelve of them permanently inhabited; al-Qanaweit (القناويت), Shiri (شري), Kidir (كدر), Sherari (شرري), Sur (سور), Us (اوز), Tibit (…), Dumag (دماج), Buni (بوني), Arag (ارج), Dirbi (دربي) and Birti (برتي), (cf. SALIH 1999:8, LAGNAH 2005:2).

Climate

View over Marha, Sur Island in Dar al-Manasir

The climate is arid with an annual rainfall of about 50 mm in good years. The exact amount and spatial distribution of the precipitation during the rainy season in the months of August until October is highly variable and therefore unpredictable. The rainy season coincides with the flood season of the Nile (cf. SALIH 1999:9).

Economy

Dar al-Manasir as seen from the top of Gebel Us

The Manasir pursue small scale agriculture in the immediate vicinity of the Nile. Tiny pockets of alluvial sediments and the seasonally inundated riverside land are intensively irrigated and cultivated. The most important cash crops of the region are dates (cf. Date cultivation in Dar al-Manasir). During good rainy seasons, in which grazing grounds are abundant, many male Manasir join members of their tribe in the adjacent Bayudah Desert.

Administration

Sunset over Dar al-Manasir

Politically Dar al-Manasir belongs to the Wilaiah Nahr al-Nil (ولاية نهر النيل, River Nile Province). The administrative centre with the only local run police station, branch of the Agricultural Bank and Secondary Schools for both sexes is Shiri (شري) on Shiri Island.

Dar al-Manasir is among the most neglected areas in Northern Sudan. Apart from basic educational institutions virtually no public infrastructure such as tarred roads, bridges or ferry boats and hospitals exist. But the Manasir are also aware of advantages of this situation and describe them in terms of exceptional safety and honesty (في أمان), tranquillity (الجوّ هادئ و نظيف), untainted beauty of their country (البلد سمح) and cleanness of the water which they drink straight out of the Nile. The landscape, described by Innes (1931:184) as "most barren and the most beautiful" along the Nile, is rocky, picturesque and referred by the inhabitants happily as "our rocks" (حجرنا).

Dar al-Manasir with all its villages and agricultural land will be successively flooded in the coming months by the Merowe Dam project. Its residents are going to be moved, but the exact relocation area is still not clear and a matter of ongoing discussion.

References

  • Gray, T. (1949): "The Fourth Cataract". In: Sudan Notes and Records, Vol.30, p.120-121.
  • Innes, N. MCL. (1930): "The Monasir Country". In: Sudan Notes and Records, Vol.14, p. 185-191.
  • Lagnah al-Tanfidhiyah lil-Muta'thirin (2005): Khasan al-Hamdab wa Qissah Tahgir Ahali al-Manasir. 20 p.
  • Salih, A. M. (1999): The Manasir of the Northern Sudan: Land and People. A Riverain Society and Resource Scarcity. 282 p.

See also

  • Al-Hakem, A.M.A. (1993): "Merowe (Hamdab) High Dam and its Impacts". In: Kush XVI, 25 p.
  • Beck. K. (1997): "Wer kennt schon Hamdab? Ein Staudammvorhaben im Sudan". In: Pörtge, K.-H. (ed.): Forschungen im Sudan. Erfurter Geographische Studien, Bd.5, pp.79–88.
  • Beck, K. (1999): "Escaping from the Narrow Confines – Returning to ‎Tight Communities. Manasir Labour Migration from the Area of the Fourth ‎Nile Cataract". In: Hahn, H.P. & G. Spittler (ed.): Afrika und die ‎Globalisierung, pp. 201–211.‎
  • Beck, K. (2001): "Die Aneignung der Maschine". In: Kohl, K.-H. & N. ‎Schafhausen (ed.): New Heimat. Katalog zur Ausstellung im Frankfurter ‎Kunstverein, pp. 66–77.‎
  • Cavendish, M. W. (1966): "The Custom of Placing Pebbles on Nubian Graves". In: Sudan Notes and Records, Vol.47. pp. 151–156.
  • Corkill N.L. (1948): "Weight Equivalent of Sudan Foods sold by Measures of Capacity". In: Sudan Notes and Records, Vol.29, pp. 126–127.
  • Crowfoot, J. W. (1918): "Customs of the Rubatab". In: Sudan Notes and Records, Vol.1. pp. 119–134.
  • Gray, T. (1949): "The Fourth Cataract". In: Sudan Notes and Records, Vol.30, p.120-121.
  • Innes, N. McL. (1930): "The Monasir Country". In: Sudan Notes and Records, Vol.14, pp. 185–191.
  • Jackson, H.C. (1926): "A Trek in Abu Hamed District". In: Sudan Notes and Records, Vol.9 No.2, pp. 1–35.
  • Lagnah aL-Tanfidhiyah lil-Muta'thirin (2005): Khasan al-Hamdab wa Qissah Tahgir Ahali al-Manasir. pp. 20 (اللجنة التنفيذية للمتأثرين (2005): خزان الحامداب و قصة تهجير أهالي المناصير)
  • Leach, T.A. (1919): "Date-Trees in Halfa Province". In: Sudan Notes and Records, Vol.2, pp. 98–104.
  • Nicholls, W. (1918): "The Sakia in Dongola Province". In: Sudan Notes and Records, Vol.1. pp.21–24.

Related books

  • Bashir, al-N. T. al-S. (ed.), (1997): Diwan 'Abqariah al-Manasir. Li-Ustadh Ibrahim 'Ali al-Sha'ir. 189 p.‎ ‎ (‎النذير تاج السر البشير(جمع وإعداد), (1997): ديوان عبقرية المناصير. للأستاذ إبراهيم علي الشاعر‎)
  • Qasim, 'A. al-Sh. (2002): Qamus al-Lahgah al-'Amiya fi al-Sudan, 3rd ed. 1076 p. (‎عون الشريف قاسم (2002): قاموس اللهجة العامية في السودان. الطبعة الثالثة. الدار السودانية للكتب‎)
  • Salih, A. M. (1999): The Manasir of the Northern Sudan: Land and People. A Riverain Society and Resource Scarcity. 282 p.
  • Taiyeb, M. Al-T. et al. (1969): Al-Turath al-Sha'ibi li-Qabilah al-Manasir. Salsalah Dirasat fi al-Turath al-Sudani. Khartoum University Faculty of Adab. 155 p. (الطيب محمد الطيب و عبد السلام سليمان و علي سعد (1969): التراث الشعبي لقبيلة المناصير. سلسلة دراسات في التراث السوداني ,جامعة الخرطوم, كلية الآداب)
  • Yusif, A.A. (1995): Al-Nakhil (First Part), Khartoum. 349 p. (عبدلله أحمد يوسف (1995): النخيل – الجزء الأولى الخرطوم)

External links

Coordinates: 18°59′N 32°25′E / 18.983°N 32.417°E / 18.983; 32.417


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dar al-Manasir — Sicht vom Berg Musa auf Dar al Manasir. Alle Fotos zeigen das Land vor der Überflutung 2009 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Date cultivation in Dar al-Manasir — The female Tamim and the male date flower (تميم). Date palms are cultivated in Sudan from the Egyptian border in the North all the way along the Nile south of Khartoum until Sennar. In addition to the banks of the Nile, isolated occurrences of… …   Wikipedia

  • Manasir — The Manasir people (Arabic: المناصير‎) constitute one of many Sunni Arab riverine tribes of Northern Sudan. They are not to be confused with the Al Manaseer of the Gulf region in the Arabian Peninsula based mainly in the United Arab Emirates.… …   Wikipedia

  • Dar — Als Abkürzung steht DAR für: Drshawnata Aeroplanna Rabotilniza, die staatliche Luftfahrtindustrie Bulgariens bis zum Ende des Zweiten Weltkrieges In dieser Bedeutung ist es in DAR 10 Teil einer Flugzeugbezeichnung Dar es Salaam Airport im IATA… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DAR — Als Abkürzung steht DAR für: Darschawna Aeroplanna Rabotilniza, die staatliche Luftfahrtindustrie Bulgariens bis zum Ende des Zweiten Weltkrieges Flughafen Dar es Salaam in Tansania (IATA Flughafencode) Daughters of the American Revolution, eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Material culture of the Manasir — The material culture of the Manasir is very basic and primarily relies on the by products of palm tree cultivation (cf. Date cultivation in Dar al Manasir). Date trees not only constitute the main source of income and an important supply of… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Sudan-related topics — This is a list of topics related to Sudan. Those interested in the subject can monitor changes to the pages by clicking on Related changes in the sidebar.udan* SudanBuildings and structures in SudanArchaeological sites in Sudan* H.U.N.E. * Nubian …   Wikipedia

  • Ibrahim 'Ali Salman — (‎إبراهيم علي سلمان‎), poet of the Manasir Ibrahim Ali Salman (‎إبراهيم علي سلمان‎) (died March 30, 1995) is the most famous contemporary poet of the Arab Manasir who inhabit the area of the Fourth Cataract of the Nile in Northern Sudan. He is… …   Wikipedia

  • Merowe Dam — Merowe Dam …   Wikipedia

  • Geographie Sudans — Topographische Karte Sudans Ein Teil der Geographie Sudans ist geprägt durch die Großlandschaft Sudan und der Sahelzone. Sein Relief wird von der Beckenlandschaft des Nils und seinen Randgebirgen bestimmt. So erhebt sich im Nordosten das Bergland …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.