List of prehistoric mammals

This is a list of articles dealing with animals that lived and went extinct during prehistoric times. It does not include species that existed then that still continue to exist into recorded history.

ubclass Prototheria

Infraclass Yinotheria

*Family Shuotheriidae
**"Shuotherium"
**"Pseudotribos"

Order Monotremata

Middle CretaceousRecent

*Family Ornithorhynchidae
**Genus "Monotrematum"
***"Monotrematum sudamericanum"
**"Obdurodon"
**"Steropodon"
*Family Kollikodontidae
**Genus "Kollikodon"
*Family Tachyglossidae
**Genus "Zaglossus"
*** "Zaglossus hacketti"
*** "Zaglossus robustus"
**Genus "Megalibgwilia"

"to be sorted"
*"Kryoryctes cadburyi"
*"Teinolophos"
*"Zaglossus"

ubclass Allotheria

Order Multituberculata

Late JurassicEocene

uborder "Plagiaulacida"

*Family Albionbaataridae
*Family Allodontidae
*Family Eobaataridae
*Family Hahnodontidae
*Family Paulchoffatiidae
*Family Pinheirodontidae
*Family Plagiaulacidae
*Family Zofiabaataridae

uborder Cimolodonta

*Superfamily Djadochtatherioidea
*Superfamily Taeniolabidoidea
**Genus "Lambdopsalis"
**Genus "Prionessus"
**Genus "Sphenopsalis"
**Genus "Taeniolabis"
*Superfamily Ptilodontoidea
**Genus "Neoliotomus"
*Family Eucosmodontidae
**Genus "Eucosmodon"
**Genus "Stygimys"
*Family Microcosmodontidae
**Genus "Acheronodon"
**Genus "Microcosmodon"
**Genus "Pentacosmodon"
*Family Kogaionidae
**Genus "Hainina"
*Family Cimolomyidae
**Genus "Buginbaatar"
**Genus "Cimolomys"
**Genus "Meniscoessus"
*Family Boffiidae
**Genus "Boffius"

"to be sorted"
*"Anconodon"
*"Baiotomeus"
*"Cernaysia"
*"Essonadon"?
*"Kimbetohia"
*"Liotomus"
*"Mesodma"
*"Mesodmops"
*"Mimetodon"
*"Neoplagiaulax"
*"Prochetodon"
*"Ptilodus"
*"Sinobaatar"
*"Xanclomys"
*"Xyronomys"

Order Triconodonta

Late TriassicLate Cretaceous
***"Repenomamus"
***"Jeholodens"

Order Docodonta

Late TriassicLate Jurassic

*Family Docodontidae
**Genus "Castorocauda"
***"Castorocauda lutrasimilis"

ubclass Theria

Infraclass Pantotheria

Order Symmetrodonta

Late TriassicLate Cretaceous
***"Zhangheotherium"
***"Maotherium"

Order Pantotheria (Eupantotheria)

Late TriassicLate Jurassic

Infraclass Metatheria

Late Cretaceous–Recent

Order Dasyuromorphia

*Family Dasyuridae
**Genus "Glaucodon"
*Family Thylacinidae
**Genus "Thylacinus"
***Thylacine ("Thylacinus cynocephalus", Australia, d. 1936)

Order Peramelemorphia

*Family Peramelidae
**Genus "Perameles"
***Desert Bandicoot ("Perameles eremiana")
**Genus "Chaeropus"
***Pig-footed Bandicoot ("Chaeropus ecaudatus")
*Family Thylacomyidae
**Genus "Macrotis" ("Thalacomys")
***Lesser Bilby ("Macrotis leucura")

Order Diprotodontia

*Family Thylacoleonidae
**Genus "Thylacoleo"
***Marsupial Lion ("Thylacoleo carnifex", Australia)

uborder Vombatiformes

*Family Diprotodontidae
**Genus "Diprotodon" (1.6 Ma – 50,000 BP, Australia)
***"Diprotodon australis"
***"Diprotodon opatum"
***"Diprotodon minor"
***"Diprotodon loderi"
***"Diprotodon annextans"

uborder Phalangeriformes

uborder Macropodiformes

*Family Potoroidae
**Genus "Potorous"
***Broad-faced Potoroo ("Potorous platyops")
**Genus "Caloprymnus"
***Desert Rat-kangaroo ("Caloprymnus campestris")
*Family Macropodidae
**Genus "Lagorchestes"
***Eastern Hare Wallaby ("Lagorchestes leporides")
**Genus "Onychogalea"
***Crescent Nailtail Wallaby ("Onychogalea lunata")
**Genus "Procoptodon" largest leaf-eating kangaroo
***Giant Short-faced Kangaroo" (Procoptodon goliah)"to be sorted"
*Genus "Argyrolagus"
*Genus "Ekaltadeta"
*Genus "Maastrichtidelphys"
*Genus "Necrolestes"
*Genus "Palorchestes"
*Genus "Peradectes"
*"Pucadelphys andinus"
*Genus "Silvabestius"
*Genus "Simosthenurus" leaf-eating (browsing) kangaroos
*Genus "Sinodelphys"
**"Sinodelphys szalayi" (125 Ma, China)
*"Yalkaparidon coheni" ("Thingodon", 20 Ma, Australia)
*Genus "Wakaleo"
*Genus "Zygomataurus"
*Genus Sthenurus "Strong Tail" [12]
*Genus Propleopus, carnivorous kangaroo during the pliocene and pleistocene periods (e.g. giant rat kangaroo) [11] [13] Simosthenurus,

Infraclass Eutheria

Order Leptictida

**Genus "Kennalestes"
*Family Gypsonictopidae
**Genus "Gypsonictops"
***"Gypsonictops hypoconus"
***"Gypsonictops illuminatus"
*Family Leptictidae
**Genus "Prodiacodon"
**Genus "Palaeictops"
**Genus "Myrmecoboides"
**Genus "Xenacodon"
**Genus "Leptictis"
**Genus "Diaphyodectes"?
*Family Didymoconidae
**Genus "Zeuctherium"
**Genus "Archaeoryctes"
*Family Pseudorhynchocyonidae
**Genus "Leptictidium"
***"Leptictidium auderiense"
***"Leptictidium nasutum"
***"Leptictidium tobieni"

Order Apatotheria

*Family Apatemyidae
**Genus "Jepsenella"
**Genus "Labidolemur"
**Genus "Unuchinia"

Order Pantolesta

*Family Pentacodontidae
**Genus "Coriphagus"
**Genus "Aphronorus"
**Genus "Pentacodon"
**Genus "Protentomodon"
**Genus "Bisonalveus"
***"Bisonalveus browni" (60 Ma)
*Family Pantolestidae
**Genus "Propalaeosinopa"
**Genus "Bessoecetor"
**Genus "Palaeosinopa"
**Genus "Paleotomus"
**Genus "Pantomimus"
**Genus "Pagonomus"
**Genus "Todralestes"
**Genus "Nosella"?

Order Insectivora

Late Cretaceous–Recent

uborder Erinaceomorpha

*Family Erinaceidae
**Genus "Deinogalerix"
*Family Amphilemuridae
**Genus "Pholidocercus"

uborder Soricomorpha

*Family Palaeoryctidae
*Family Micropternodontidae
*Family Apternodontidae
*Family Nyctitheriidae

Order Macroscelidea

Order Dermoptera

Paleocene–Recent

*Family Paromomyidae
*Family Plagiomenidae?
*Family Mixodectidae?

Order Chiroptera

Eocene–Recent

*Family Archaeonycteridae
**Genus "Icaronycteris"
***"Icaronycteris index"

Order Scandentia

Order Plesiadapiformes

*Family Purgatoriidae
**Genus "Purgatorius"
***"Purgatorius unio"
***"Purgatorius ceratops"
***"Purgatorius titusi"
***"Purgatorius janisae"

*Family Palaechthonidae
*Family Microsyopidae
*Family Toliapinidae
*Family Micromomyidae
*Family Plesiadapidae
**Genus "Plesiadapis"
*Family Saxonellidae
*Family Carpolestidae
*Family Picrodontidae

Order Primates

Paleocene–Recent
*Family Omomyidae
**Genus "Teilhardina"
***"Teilhardina belgica"
***"Teilhardina asiaticus"
***"Teilhardina tenuicula"
***"Teilhardina americana"
***"Teilhardina crassidens"
***"Teilhardina demissa"
***"Teilhardina brandti"
*Family Adapidae

*Family Nothactidae
**Genus "Notharctus" (Eocene)
***"Notharctus robinsoni"
***"Notharctus tenebrosus" (Early Eocene)
***"Notharctus pugnax"
***"Notharctus robustior"

uborder Strepsirrhini

*Family Daubentoniidae
**Genus "Daubentonia"
***"Daubentonia robusta"
*Family Lepilemuridae
**Genus "Megaladapis"
***"Megaladapis edwardsi"
***"Megaladapis madagascariensis"
***"Megaladapis grandidieri"
*Family Lemuridae
**Genus "Pachylemur"
***"Pachylemur insignis"
***"Pachylemur jullyi"
*Family Archaeolemuridae
**Genus "Archaeolemur"
***"Archaeolemur edwardsi"
***"Archaeolemur majori"
**Genus "Hadropithecus"
*Family Palaeopropithecidae
**Genus "Palaeopropithecus"
***"Palaeopropithecus ingens"
**Genus "Mesopropithecus"
**Genus "Babakotia"
**Genus "Archaeoindris"
***"Archaeoindris fontoynonti"
*Family Adapidae
**Genus "Godinotia" (Eocene)

uborder Haplorrhini

*Family Tarsiidae
*Family Eosimiidae
**Genus "Eosimias"
***"Eosimias sinensis"
***"Eosimias centennicus"
*Family Cebidae
*Family Aotidae
*Family Pitheciidae
*Superfamily Cercopithecoidea
**Family Cercopithecidae (Old World monkeys)
***Subfamily Victoriapithecinae
****Genus "Victoriapithecus"
*****"Victoriapithecus macinnesi" (Middle Miocene)
*Superfamily Hominoidea
**Family Hylobatidae (Gibbons)
**Family Proconsulidae
***Subfamily Proconsulinae
****Genus "Proconsul" (27–17 Ma, Africa)
*****"Proconsul africanus" (18 Ma)
*****"Proconsul nyanzae"
*****"Proconsul major"
*****"Proconsul heseloni"
**Family Dryopithecidae
***Genus "Dryopithecus" (12–9 Ma, Africa)
****"Dryopithecus wuduensis"
****"Dryopithecus fontani" (Europe)
****"Dryopithecus brancoi"
****"Dryopithecus laietanus"
****"Dryopithecus crusafonti"
***Genus "Pierolapithecus"
****"Pierolapithecus catalaunicus" (13 Ma, Spain)
**Family Hominidae (Great apes)
***Subfamily Oreopithecinae
****Genus "Oreopithecus"
*****Swamp Ape ("Oreopithecus bambolii")
***Subfamily Ponginae
****Genus "Gigantopithecus"
*****"Gigantopithecus blacki"
*****"Gigantopithecus bilaspurensis"
****Genus "Sivapithecus"
*****"Sivapithecus indicus"
*****"Sivapithecus sivalensis"
*****"Sivapithecus parvada"
***Subfamily Homininae (Humans)
****Genus "Ardipithecus"
****Genus "Sahelanthropus"
*****"Sahelanthropus tchadensis" (6–7 Ma, Chad)
****Genus "Orrorin"
*****"Orrorin tugenensis" (6 Ma, Kenya)
****Genus "Kenyanthropus"
*****"Kenyanthropus platyops" (3.5–3.2 Ma, Kenya)
****Genus "Australopithecus" (Africa)
*****"Australopithecus afarensis"
*****"Australopithecus africanus"
*****"Australopithecus anamensis"
*****"Australopithecus garhi"
****Genus "Paranthropus" (Africa)
*****"Paranthropus aethiopicus"
*****"Paranthropus robustus"
*****"Paranthropus boisei"
****Genus "Homo" (Humans)
*****Handy Man ("Homo habilis")
*****Rudolf Man ("Homo rudolfensis")
*****Working Man ("Homo ergaster")
*****Upright Man ("Homo erectus")
*****Flores Man ("Homo floresiensis")
*****Explorer Man ("Homo antecessor")
*****Heidelberg Man ("Homo heidelbergensis")
*****Neanderthal Man ("Homo neanderthalensis")
*****Rhodesian Man ("Homo rhodesiensis")
*****Ceprano Man ("Homo cepranensis")
*****Georgia Man ("Homo georgicus")
*****Modern Human ("Homo sapiens")
******"Homo sapiens idaltu"
******Modern Human "Homo sapiens sapiens"

"to be sorted"
*Genus "Pliopithecus"
*Genus "Propliopithecus"

*"Apidium"
*"Branisella"
*"Leptadapis"
*"Mesopithecus"
*"Necrolemur"
*"Paracolobus"
*"Protopithecus"
*"Shoshonius"
*"Teilhardina"
*"Theropithecus"
*"Tremacebus"

Order Anagalida

*Family Anagalidae
*Family Pseudictopidae
*Family Astigalidae

Order Lagomorpha

Eocene–Recent

*Family Mimotonidae?

Order Rodentia

Paleocene–Recent

*Family Eurymylidae
*Family Alagomyidae
*Family Paramyidae

"to be sorted"
*"Alphagaulus"
*"Birbalomys"
*"Castoroides"
*"Ceratogaulus"
*"Eocardia"
*"Eomaia scansoria"
*"Eougaulus"
*Giant hutia
*"Hepserogaulus"
*"Ischyromys"
*"Kubwaxerus"
*"Megapedetes"
*"Mylagaulus"
*"Palaeolagus"
*"Phoberomys"
*"Pterogaulus"
*"Steneofiber"
*"Telicomys"
*"Umbogaulus"

Order Condylarthra

PaleoceneEocene

*Family Arctocyonidae
*Family Periptychidae
*Family Hyopsodontidae
*Family Mioclaenidae
*Family Phenacodontidae
**Genus "Phenacodus"
*Family Didolodontidae
**Genus "Didolodus"
*Family Sparnotheriodontidae?

Order Mesonychia

*Family Triisodontidae
**Genus "Andrewsarchus"
***"Andrewsarchus mongoliensis"
*Family Hapalodectidae
*Family Mesonychidae
**Genus "Mesonyx"
***"Mesonyx obtusidens"
**Genus "Sinonyx"

Order Litopterna

PaleocenePleistocene

*Family Protolipternidae
*Superfamily Macrauchenioidea
**Family Macraucheniidae
***Genus "Cramauchenia"
***Genus "Macrauchenia"
***Genus "Macrauchenidia"
***Genus "Paranauchenia"
***Genus "Promacrauchenia"
***Genus "Scalabrinitherium"
***Genus "Theosodon"
***Genus "Victorlemoinea"
***Genus "Windhausenia"
***Genus "Xenorhinotherium"
**Family Notonychopidae
**Family Adianthidae
*Superfamily Proterothrrioidea
**Family Prototheriidae
***Genus "Diadiaphorus"
***Genus "Thoatherium"

Order Notoungulata

PaleocenePleistocene

uborder Notioprogonia

*Family Henricosborniidae
*Family Notostylopidae
**Genus "Notostylops"

uborder Toxodontia

*Family Isotemnidae
**Genus "Thomashuxleya"
*Family Leontiniidae
**Genus "Scarrittia"
*Family Notohippidae
**Genus "Rhynchippus"
*Family Toxodontidae
**Genus "Adinotherium"
**Genus "Toxodon"
**Genus "Trigodon"
*Family Homalodotheriidae
**Genus "Chasicotherium"
**Genus "Homalodotherium"

uborder Typotheria

*Family Oldfieldthomasiidae
*Family Interatheriidae
**Genus "Protypotherium"
*Family Archaeopithecidae
*Family Campanorcidae
*Family Mesotheriidae
** Subfamily Fiandraiinae
*** Genus "Fiandraia"
** Subfamily Mesotheriinae
*** Genus "Altitypotherium"
*** Genus "Caraguatypotherium"
*** Genus "Eotypotherium"
*** Genus "Eutypotherium"
*** Genus "Hypsitherium"
*** Genus "Mesotherium"
*** Genus "Microtypotherium"
*** Genus "Plesiotypotherium"
*** Genus "Pseudotypotherium"
*** Genus "Typotheriopsis"
** Subfamily Trachytheriinae
*** Genus "Anatrachytherus"
*** Genus "Trachytherus"

uborder Hegetotheria

*Family Archaeohyracidae
**Genus "Eohyrax"
***"Eohyrax rusticus"
*Family Hegetotheriidae
**Genus "Hemihegetotherium"
***Species "Hemihegetotherium trilobus"
**Genus "Pachyrukhos"

Order Astrapotheria

EoceneMiocene

*Family Eoastrapostylopidae
*Family Trigonostylopidae
**Genus "Trigonostylops"
*Family Astrapotheriidae
**Genus "Astrapotherium"
***Species "Astrapotherium magnum"

Order Xenungulata

Paleogene

*Family Etayoidae
**Genus "Etayoa"
***"Etayoa bacatensis"
*Family Carodniidae
**Genus "Carodnia"
***"Carodnia feruglioi"
***"Carodnia vieirai"

Order Pyrotheria

EoceneOligocene
*Family Pyrotheriidae
**Genus "Pyrotherium"

Order Dinocerata

EoceneEocene

*Family Prodinoceratidae
**Genus "Prodinoceras"
*Family Uintatheriidae
**Genus "Uintatherium"

Order Pantodonta

PaleoceneOligocene

*Family Bemalambdidae
*Family Harpyodidae?
*Family Pastoralodontidae
*Family Pantolambdodontidae
*Family Alcidedorbignyidae
*Family Pantolambdidae
**Genus "Pantolambda"
**Genus "Caenolambda"
*Family Barylambdidae
**Genus "Barylambda"
**Genus "Haplolambda"
*Family Titanoideidae
**Genus "Titanoides"
*Family Coryphodontidae
*Family Cyriacotheriidae?

Order Tillodontia

PaleoceneEocene

*Family Esthonychidae
*Family Plethorodontidae?
*Family Deltatheriidae?

Order Taeniodonta

PaleoceneEocene

*Family Conoryctidae
*Family Schochiidae
*Family Stylinodontidae

Order Arctostylopida

*Family Arctostylopidae

Order Embrithopoda

Oligocene

*Family Arsinoitheriidae
**Genus "Arsinoitherium"
*Family Phenacolophidae?

Order Creodonta

PaleocenePliocene

*Family Oxyaenidae
** Subfamily Abloctoninae
*** Genus "Ambloctonus"
*** Genus "Dipsalodon"
*** Genus "Dormaalodon"
*** Genus "Palaeonictis"
** Subfamily Oxyaeninae
*** Genus "Dipsalidictis"
*** Genus "Oxyaena"
*** Genus "Patriofelis"
*** Genus "Protopsalis"
*** Genus "Sarkastodon"
** Subfamily Tytthaeninae
*** Genus "Tytthaena"
** ?Subfamily Machaeroidinae
*** Genus "Apataelurus"
*** Genus "Machaeroides"
*Family Hyaenodontidae
**Genus "Hyaenodon"
***"Hyaenodon leptorhynchus"
***"Hyaenodon exicuus"
***"Hyaenodon horridus"
***"Hyaenodon mustelinus"
***"Hyaenodon crucians"
***"Hyaenodon vetus"
***"Hyaenodon megaloides"
***"Hyaenodon milloquensis"
***"Hyaenodon bavaricus"
***"Hyaenodon eminus"
***"Hyaenodon yuanchensis"
***"Hyaenodon mongoliensis"
***"Hyaenodon incertus"
***"Hyaenodon chunkhtensis"
***"Hyaenodon montanus"
***"Hyaenodon venturae"
***"Hyaenodon microdon"
***"Hyaenodon brevirostris"
***"Hyaenodon raineyi"
***"Hyaenodon gigas"
***"Hyaenodon incertus"
***"Hyaenodon pervagus"
***"Hyaenodon eminus"
***"Hyaenodon weilini"
**Genus "Megistotherium"

Order Carnivora

Paleocene–Recent

uborder Caniformia (Dog-like carnivores)

*Infraorder Arctoidea
**Parvorder Mustelida
***Family Procyonidae (Raccoon family)
****Genus "Chapalmalania"
***Family Mephitidae (Skunks)
***Family Mustelidae (Weasel family)
****Genus "Ekorus"
****Genus "Plesictis"
****Genus "Potamotherium"
**Parvorder Ursida
***Superfamily Amphicyonoidea
****Family Amphicyonidae (Bear-Dogs)
*****Genus "Amphicyon"
*****Genus "Cynodictis"
*****Genus "Daphoenus"
***Superfamily Phocoidea
****Family Otariidae (Eared seals)
****Family Odobenidae (Walruses)
*****Genus "Imagotaria"
****Family Phocidae (Earless seals)
*****Genus "Acrophoca"
*****Genus "Desmatophoca"
****Family Enaliarctidae
*****Genus "Enaliarctos"
***Superfamily Ursoidea
****Family Ursidae (Bears)
*****Genus "Hemicyon"
*****Subfamily Ailuropodinae
******Genus "Ailuropoda"
*******Dwarf Panda ("Ailuropoda minor")
*****Subfamily Tremarctinae
******Genus "Tremarctos"
*******Florida Cave Bear ("Tremarctos floridanus")
******Genus "Arctodus" (Short-Faced Bears)
*******Giant Short-Faced Bear ("Arctodus simus")
*******Short-Faced Bear ("Arctodus pristinus")
******Genus "Arctotherium"
*******Brazilian Short-Faced Bear ("Arctotherium brasilense")
*******Argentine Short-Faced Bear ("Arctotherium latidens")
*****Subfamily Ursinae
******Genus "Ursus"
*******Auvergne Bear ("Ursus minimus")
*****Genus "Agriotherium"
*******Etruscan Bear ("Ursus etruscus")
*******European Cave Bear ("Ursus spelaeus")
*****Genus "Ursavus"
*Infraorder Cynoidea
**Family Canidae (Canids)
***Genus "Canis" (Dogs and Wolves)
****Dire Wolf ("Canis dirus")
****Giant fox ("Vulpes gigas")
***Genus "Cerdocyon"
***Genus "Cynodesmus"
***Genus "Leptocyon"
***Genus "Phlaocyon"
****Subfamily Hesperocyoninae
*****Genus "Hesperocyon"
****Subfamily Borophaginae
*****Genus "Aelurodon"
*****Genus "Borophagus"
*****Genus "Epicyon"
*****Genus "Osteoborus"
*Family Miacidae
**Genus "Miacis"

uborder Aeluroidea (Cat-like carnivores)

*Family Felidae (Felids)
***Genus "Pseudaelurus"
**Subfamily Proailurinae
***Genus "Proailurus"
**Subfamily Machairodontinae (Sabre-toothed cats)
***Genus "Paramachairodus"
***Genus "Dinofelis"
****"Dinofelis abeli"
****"Dinofelis barlowi"
****"Dinofelis diastemata"
****"Dinofelis paleoonca"
****"Dinofelis piveteaui"
***Genus "Homotherium"
****"Homotherium serum"
***Genus "Machairodus"
****"Machairodus africanus"
****"Machairodus aphanistus"
****"Machairodus giganteus"
****"Machairodus oradensis"
****"Machairodus colorandensis"
***Genus "Megantereon"
***Genus "Smilodon" (Saber-Toothed Cats)
****"Smilodon californicus"
****"Smilodon fatalis"
****"Smilodon gracilis"
****"Smilodon populator"
***Genus "Xenosmilus"
****"Xenosmilus hodsonae"
**Subfamily Acinonychinae (Cheetahs)
***Genus "Acinonyx" (Cheetahs)
****"Acinonyx aicha"
****"Acinonyx intermedius"
****"Acinonyx pardinensis"
**Subfamily Felinae (Small cats)
**Subfamily Pantherinae (Big cats)
***Genus "Panthera"
****Lion ("Panthera leo")
*****American Lion ("Panthera leo atrox")
*****Cave Lion ("Panthera leo spelaea")
*Family Herpestidae (Mongooses)
*Family Hyaenidae (Hyaenas)
**Genus "Chasmaporthetes"
**Genus "Crocuta"
***"Crocuta spelaea"
***"Crocuta macrodonta"
***"Crocuta eximia"
***"Crocuta sivalensis"
***"Crocuta dietrichi"
**Genus "Protictitherium"
**Genus "Ictitherium"
**Genus "Chasmaporthetes"
**Genus "Adcrocuta"
**Genus "Pachycrocuta"
**Genus "Percrocuta"
*Family Nandiniidae
*Family Viverravidae (Viverravids)
*Family Viverridae (Civets)
**Genus "Kanuites"
**Genus "Viverra"
***"Viverra leakeyi"
*Family Stenoplesictidae
*Family Nimravidae (Nimravids or False sabre-toothed cats)
**Genus "Nimravus"
**Genus "Metailurus"
**Genus "Eusmilus"
**Genus "Hoplophoneus"

"to be sorted"

*Genus "Lokotunjailurus"
*Genus "Enaliarctos"

Order Xenarthra (Edentata)

Paleocene–Recent

uborder Vermilingua

uborder Tardigrada

*Family Rathymotheriidae
**Genus "Rathymotherium"
*Family Scelidotheriidae
*Family Mylodontidae
**Genus "Mylodon"
*Family Orophodontidae
*Family Megalonychidae
**Genus "Megalonyx"
***"Megalonyx leptostomus"
***"Megalonyx wheatleyi"
***Ground Sloth ("Megalonyx jeffersonii")
*Family Megatheriidae
**Genus "Megatherium"
**Genus "Eremotherium"
***Giant Ground Sloth ("Eremotherium laurillardi")

uborder Cingulata

*Family Glyptodontidae
**Genus "Doedicurus"
**Genus "Glyptodon"

"to be sorted"
*"Dasypus bellae"
*"Eremotherium"
*"Glossotherium"
*"Glyptotherium"
*"Hapalops"
*"Metacheiromys"
*"Nothrotheriops"
*"Nothrotherium"
*"Peltephilus"
*"Protamandua"

Order Pholidota

Eocene–Recent

*Family Epoicotheriidae (extinct)
*Family Escavadodontidae (extinct)
*Family Metacheiromyidae(extinct)
*Family Manidae (extant)
**Subfamily Eurotamandua (extinct)
**Subfamily Maninae (extant)
***Genus "Eomanis" (extinct)
***Genus "Necromanis" (extinct)
***Genus "Patriomanis" (extinct)

Order Tubulidentata

Eocene?–Recent
**Genus "Leptorycteropus"
**Genus "Myorycteropus"
**Genus "Orycteropus"

Order Bibymalagasia

?-1000 AD
***"Plesiorycteropus"

Order Proboscidea

Eocene–Recent

*Family Moeritheriidae
**Genus "Moeritherium"
*(no family)
**Genus "Phiomia"
*Family Deinotheriidae
**Genus "Deinotherium"
*Family Mammutidae
**Genus "Mammut"
***American mastodon ("Mammut americanum")
***Borson's mastodon ("Mammut borsoni")
*Family Amebelodontidae
**Genus "Amebelodon"
**Genus "Platybelodon"
*Family Gomphotheriidae
**Genus "Gomphotherium"
**Genus "Cuvieronius"
**Genus "Anancus"
*Family Elephantidae
*Genus "Stegotetrabelodon"
**Genus "Stegodon"
***"Stegodon sompoensis"
***"Stegodon aurorae"
***"Stegodon ganesha"
***"Stegodon orientalis"
***"Stegodon shinshuensis"
***"Stegodon trigonocephalus"
***"Stegodon sondaari"
***"Stegodon florensis"
**Genus "Elephas"
***"Elephas antiquus"
***"Elephas falconeri"
***Subgenus "Palaeoloxodon"
**Genus "Mammuthus"
***Columbian Mammoth ("Mammuthus columbi")
***Pygmy Mammoth ("Mammuthus exilis")
***Imperial Mammoth ("Mammuthus imperator")
***Jeffersonian Mammoth ("Mammuthus jeffersonii")
***Sardinian Mammoth ("Mammuthus lamarmorae")
***"Mammuthus meridionalis"
***Woolly Mammoth ("Mammuthus primigenius")
***"Mammuthus trogontherii"

See also:
*Dwarf elephants

Order Hyracoidea

Oligocene–Recent
*Genus "Titanohyrax"
*Genus "Kvabebihyrax"

Order Desmostylia

MiocenePliocene

*Family Desmostylidae
**Genus "Desmostylus"
*Family Paleoparadoxiidae
**Genus "Paleoparadoxia"

**Genus "Ashoroa"
**Genus "Behemotops"

Order Sirenia

Eocene–Recent

*Family Prorastomidae
**Genus "Prorastomus"
**Genus "Pezosiren"
*Family Protosirenidae
**Genus "Protosiren"
*Family Dugongidae
**Genus "Rytiodus"
**Steller's Sea Cow ("Hydrodamalis gigas")
*Family Trichechidae
**Genus "Miosiren"

"to be sorted"
*"Sirenotherium"

Order Cetacea

Eocene–Recent

uborder Archaeoceti

*Family Pakicetidae
**Genus "Pakicetus"
***"Pakicetus inachus"
**Genus "Gandakasia"
**Genus "Nalacetus"
**Genus "Ichthyolestes"
*Family Ambulocetidae
**Genus "Ambulocetus"
**Genus "Himalayacetus"
*Family Remingtonocetidae
**Genus "Kutchicetus"
*Family Protocetidae
**Genus "Rodhocetus" (??? Ma)
***"Rhodocetus kasrani"
***"Rodhocetus balochistanensis"
**Genus "Protocetus"
*Family Dorudontidae
**Genus "Dorudon" (40–36 Ma)
***"Dorudon atrox"
**Genus "Zygorhiza"
*Family Basilosauridae
**Genus "Basilosaurus" (40–37 Ma)
***"Basilosaurus cetoides"
***"Basilosaurus hussaini"
***"Basilosaurus isis"

uborder Mysticeti

*Family Mammalodontidae
**Genus "Mammalodon"
*Family Cetotheriidae
**Genus "Cetotherium"
**Genus "Piscobalaena"
*Family Janjucetidae
**Genus "Janjucetus"

"to be sorted"
*Genus "Eobalaenoptera"
**"Eobalaenoptera harrisoni"

uborder Odontoceti

*Family Squalodontidae
**Genus "Prosqualodon"
**Genus "Squalodon" Shark Tooth dolphin
*Family Eurhinodelphidae
**Genus "Eurhinodelphis"
*Family Kentriodontidae
**Genus "Kentriodon"
*Family Rhabdosteidae
**Genus "Rhabdosteus"
*Family Odobenocetopsidae
**Genus "Odobenocetops"

Order Perissodactyla

Eocene–Recent

uborder Hippomorpha

*Superfamily Brontotheroidea
**Family Brontotheriidae
****Genus "Pakotitanops"
****Genus "Nanotitanops"
***Subfamily Lambdotheriinae
****Genus "Lambdotherium"
****Genus "Xenicohippus"
***Subfamily Palaeosyopinae
****Genus "Palaeosyops"
****Genus "Mulkrajanops"
***Subfamily Dolichorhininae
****Genus "Metarhinus"
****Genus "Sphenocoelus"
****Genus "Mesatirhinus"
***Subfamily Brontotheriinae
****Genus "Duchesneodus"
****Genus "Brontotherium"
****Genus "Megacerops"
***Subfamily Embolotheriinae
****Genus "Titanodectes"
****Genus "Embolotherium"
****Genus "Protembolotherium"
***Subfamily Brontopinae
****Genus "Brachydiastematherium"
****Genus "Pachytitan"
****Genus "Dianotitan"
****Genus "Gnathotitan"
****Genus "Microtitan"
****Genus "Epimanteoceras"
****Genus "Protitan"
****Genus "Rhinotitan"
****Genus "Metatitan"
****Genus "Dolichorhinus"
****Genus "Protitanotherium"
****Genus "Parabrontops"
****Genus "Oreinotherium"
****Genus "Brontops"
****Genus "Protitanops"
****Genus "Pygmaetitan"
***Subfamily Telmatheriinae
****Genus "Acrotitan"
****Genus "Desmatotitan"
****Genus "Arctotitan"
****Genus "Hyotitan"
****Genus "Sthenodectes"
****Genus "Telmatherium"
****Genus "Sivatitanops"
***Subfamily Menodontinae
****Genus "Diplacodon"
****Genus "Eotitanotherium"
****Genus "Notiotitanops"
****Genus "Menodus"
****Genus "Ateleodon"
*Superfamily Pachynolophoidea
**Family Pachynolophidae
*Superfamily Equoidea
**Family Palaeotheriidae
***Genus "Hyracotherium"
***Genus "Propalaeotherium"
***Genus "Palaeotherium"
**Family Equidae
***Genus "Miohippus"
***Genus "Orohippus"
***Genus "Mesohippus"
***Subfamily Anchitheriinae
****Genus "Sinohippus"
****Genus "Megahippus"
****Genus "Anchitherium"
***Subfamily Equinae
****Genus "Archaeohippus"
****Genus "Parahippus"
****Genus "Eurygnathohippus"
****Genus "Merychippus"
****Genus "Hipparion"
****Genus "Cormohipparion"
****Genus "Hippotherium"
****Genus "Pliohippus"
****Genus "Hippidion"

uborder Ceratomorpha

*Superfamily Rhinocerotoidea
**Family Amynodontidae (Hippo-rhinos)
***Subfamily Amynodontinae
***Subfamily Metamynodontinae
****Genus "Metamynodon"
**Family Hyracodontidae (Giant rhinos)
***Subfamily Indricotheriinae
****Genus "Forstercooperia"
****Genus "Juxia"
****Genus "Benaratherium"?
****Genus "Urtinotherium"
****Genus "Indricotherium"
*****Baluchitherium ("Indricotherium transouralicum")
****Genus "Paraceratherium"
*****"Paraceratherium bugtiense"
***Subfamily Allaceropinae
***Subfamily †Hyracodontinae
****Genus "Hyracodon"
**Family Rhinocerotidae (Rhinos)
***Subfamily Rhinocerotinae
****Genus "Coelodonta"
*****Woolly Rhinoceros ("Coelodonta antiquitatis")
***Subfamily Elasmotheriinae
****Genus "Sinotherium"
****Genus "Iranotherium"
****Genus "Menoceras"
****Genus "Elasmotherium"
*****"Elasmotherium caucasicum"
*****Giant Rhinoceros ("Elasmotherium sibiricum")
*Superfamily Tapiroidea
**Genus "Hyrachyus"
**Family Tapiridae
***"Miotapirus"
*Superfamily Chalicotheroidea
**Family Chalicotheriidae
***Genus "Chalicotherium"
**Family Schizotheriinae
***Genus "Ancylotherium"
***Genus "Moropus"

"to be sorted"
*"Dicerorhinus leakeyi"
*"Teleoceras"
*"Tetheopsis"
*"Trigonias"
*"Lophiodon"
*"Dolichorhinus"
*"Heptodon"

Order Artiodactyla

Eocene–Recent

uborder Suina

*Family Dichobunidae
**Genus "Messelobunodon"
**Genus "Diacodexis
*Family Entelodontidae (Entelodonts)
**Genus "Archaeotherium"
**Genus "Entelodon"
**Genus "Dinohyus"
*Family Suidae (Pigs)
**Genus "Metridiochoerus"
**Genus "Kubanochoerus"
**Genus "Kolpochoerus"
**Genus "Nyanzachoerus"
**Genus "Notochoerus"
*Family Tayassuidae (Peccaries)
**Genus "Platygonus
*Family Oreodontidae (Oreodonts)
**Genus "Promerycochoerus"
**Genus "Merycoidodon"
**Genus "Brachycrus"
*Family Cainotheriidae
**Genus "Cainotherium"
*Family Hippopotamidae (Hippopotamii)
**Genus "Hippopotamus"
***"Hippopotamus gorgops"
***"European Hippopotamus"
***Madagascan Hippo ("Hippopotamus madagascariensis")
***Madagascan Dwarf Hippo ("Hippopotamus lemerlei")
***Cretan Dwarf Hippopotamus ("Hippopotamus creutzburgi")
**Genus "Hexaprotodon"
***"Hexaprotodon harvardi"
***Madagascan Pygmy Hippo ("Hexaprotodon madagascariensis")
**Genus "Phanourios
***Cyprus Dwarf Hippopotamus ("Phanourios minutus")
**Genus "Kenyapotamus
*Family Anthracotheriidae
**Genus "Elomeryx"
**Genus "Bothriogenys"
**Genus "Anthracotherium"
**Genus "Libycosaurus"
**Genus "Merycopotamus"

uborder Tylopoda

*Family Camelidae (Camels)
**Genus "Aepycamelus" (Miocene)
**Genus "Camelops" (PliocenePleistocene)
**Genus "Camelus"
*** "Camelus gigas"
*** "Camelus hesternus"
*** "Camelus sivalensis"
**Genus "Oxydactylus"
**Genus "Poebrotherium"
**Genus "Procamelus" (Miocene)
**Genus "Stenomylus"
**Genus "Titanotylopus" (MiocenePleistocene)
*Family Oromerycidae
**Genus "Protylopus"

"to be sorted"
*Syrian Camel

uborder Ruminantia

*Family Protoceratidae
**Genus "Protoceras"
**Genus "Syndyoceras"
**Genus "Synthetoceras"
*Family Climacoceratidae
**Genus "Climacoceras"
**Genus "Prolibytherium"
***"Prolibytherium magnieri" (Miocene)
**Genus "Orangemeryx"
*Family Tragulidae (Chevrotains)
**Genus "Dorcatherium"
**Genus "Dorcabune"
**Genus "Siamotragulus"
**Genus "Yunnanotherium"
*Family Moschidae (Musk deers)
**Genus "Blastomeryx"
*Family Giraffidae (Giraffes)
**Genus "Eumeryx" (Oligocene)
**Genus "Palaeotragus"
***"Palaeotragus primaevus" (Miocene)
***"Palaeotragus germaini" (Miocene)
**Genus "Amotherium"
***"Amotherium africanum" (Miocene)
**Genus "Samotherium" (MiocenePliocene)
***"Samotherium boissieri" (Pliocene)
**Genus "Sivatherium"
***"Sivatherium giganteum" (Pleistocene)
***"Sivatherium maurusium" (Pleistocene)
**Genus "Okapia" (Okapis)
***"Okapia stillei" (Pleistocene)
**Genus "Giraffa" (Giraffes)
***"Giraffa attica" (Pliocene)
***"Giraffa punjabiensis" (Pliocene)
***"Giraffa priscilla" (Pliocene)
***"Giraffa jumae" (Pleistocene)
***"Giraffa gracilis" (Pleistocene)
***"Giraffa sivalensis" (Pleistocene)
*Family Cervidae (Deer)
**Genus "Dicrocerus"
**Subfamily Cervinae
***Genus "Candiacervus
****"Candiacervus ropalophorus"
****"Candiacervus major"
****"Candiacervus pygadiensìs"
****"Candiacervus cretensis"
***Genus "Megaloceros"
****Irish Elk ("Megaloceros giganteus") (d. ~5700 BC)
***Genus "Eucladoceros"
***Genus "Sinomegaceros"
***Genus "Libralces"
*Family Antilocapridae (Pronghorns)
**Genus "Capromeryx"
***"Capromeryx minor"
**Genus "Hayoceros"
**Genus "Ilingoceros"
**Genus "Cosoryx"
**Genus "Meryceros"
**Genus "Merycodus"
**Genus "Paracosoryx"
**Genus "Ramoceros"
**Genus "Submeryceros"
**Genus "Proantilocapra"
**Genus "Osbornoceros"
**Genus "Ottoceros"
**Genus "Plioceros"
**Genus "Sphenophalos"
**Genus "Ceratomeryx"
**Genus "Hexameryx"
**Genus "Hexobelomeryx"
**Genus "Stockoceros"
**Genus "Tetrameryx"
**Genus "Texoceros"
**Genus "Antilocapra"
*** "Antilocapra maquinensis"
*Family Bovidae (Bovids)
**Subfamily Bovinae
***Genus "Bos"
****"Bos acutifrons
****"Bos planifrons"
****Aurochs ("Bos primigenius") (d. 1627)
***Genus "Bison"
****Ancient Bison ("Bison antiquus")
****Steppe Wisent ("Bison priscus") (d. Late Pleistocene)
****Giant Bison ("Bison latifrons")
****"Bison occidentalis"
***Genus "Bubalus"
****"Bubalus cebuensis
***Genus "Pelorovis"
**Subfamily "Alcelaphinae"
***Genus "Megalotragus"
***Genus "Parmularius"
**Subfamily "Antilopinae"
***Genus "Gazella"
****"Gazella psolea"
****"Gazella borbonica"
****"Gazella deperdita"
****"Gazella gaudryi"
****"Gazella triquetrucornis"

Unsorted

*"Akidolestes"
*"Alphadon"
*"Anagale"
*"Arctocyon"
*"Australonycteris"
*"Chriacus"
*"Coryphodon"
*"Crusafontia" (order "Pantotheria")
*"Deltatheridium"
*"Dimylus"
*"Eobasileus"
*"Eomaia"
*"Eozostrodon"
*"Ferugliotherium"
*"Fruitafossor"
*"Gondwanatherium"
*"Hadrocodium"
*"Haramiya" (order "Multituberculata")
*"Hyainolouros"
*"Lavanify"
*"Leptorycteropus"
*"Megazostradon" (order "Triconodonta")
*"Pachyaena"
*"Palaeoryctes"
*"Phenacodus"
*"Planetetherium"
*"Plesiorycteropus"
*"Protungulatum"
*"Stylinodon"
*"Sudamerica"
*"Tingamarra"
*"Trogosus"
*"Zalambdalestes" (order "Eutheria")

References

*
*
*
*

External Links

[http://www.helsinki.fi/~mhaaramo/metazoa/deuterostoma/chordata/synapsida/mammalian_orders.html Mammals] at Mikko's Phylogeny Archive


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of placental mammals — The class Mammalia (the mammals) is divided into two subclasses based on reproductive techniques: egg laying mammals (the monotremes); and mammals which give live birth. The latter subclass is divided into two infraclasses: pouched mammals (the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of extinct mammals — A large number of prehistoric mammals are extinct, e.g. Megafauna. See List of prehistoric mammals. This is an incomplete list of historically known extinct mammals, their dates of extinction, and former range. Mammals included are organisms… …   Wikipedia

  • List of placental mammals in Order Afrosoricida — The class Mammalia (the mammals) is divided into two subclasses based on reproductive techniques: egg laying mammals (the monotremes); and mammals which give live birth. The latter subclass is divided into two infraclasses: pouched mammals (the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of placental mammals in Order Macroscelidea — The class Mammalia (the mammals) is divided into two subclasses based on reproductive techniques: egg laying mammals (the monotremes); and mammals which give live birth. The latter subclass is divided into two infraclasses: pouched mammals (the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of placental mammals in Orders Tubulidentata, Hyracoidea, Proboscidea, and Sirenia — The class Mammalia (the mammals) is divided into two subclasses based on reproductive techniques: egg laying mammals (the monotremes); and mammals which give live birth. The latter subclass is divided into two infraclasses: pouched mammals (the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of placental mammals in Order Cingulata — The class Mammalia (the mammals) is divided into two subclasses based on reproductive techniques: egg laying mammals (the monotremes); and mammals which give live birth. The latter subclass is divided into two infraclasses: pouched mammals (the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of placental mammals in Orders Pilosa, Scandentia, and Dermoptera — The class Mammalia (the mammals) is divided into two subclasses based on reproductive techniques: egg laying mammals (the monotremes); and mammals which give live birth. The latter subclass is divided into two infraclasses: pouched mammals (the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of placental mammals in Order Primates — The class Mammalia (the mammals) is divided into two subclasses based on reproductive techniques: egg laying mammals (the monotremes); and mammals which give live birth. The latter subclass is divided into two infraclasses: pouched mammals (the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of placental mammals in Order Lagomorpha — The class Mammalia (the mammals) is divided into two subclasses based on reproductive techniques: egg laying mammals (the monotremes); and mammals which give live birth. The latter subclass is divided into two infraclasses: pouched mammals (the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of placental mammals in Order Erinaceomorpha — The class Mammalia (the mammals) is divided into two subclasses based on reproductive techniques: egg laying mammals (the monotremes); and mammals which give live birth. The latter subclass is divided into two infraclasses: pouched mammals (the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.