Diffa Region


Diffa Region
Diffa
—  Region  —
Location within Niger
Coordinates: 14°N 13°E / 14°N 13°E / 14; 13Coordinates: 14°N 13°E / 14°N 13°E / 14; 13
Country  Niger
Capital Diffa
Area
 – Total 156,906 km2 (60,581.7 sq mi)
Population (2001 census)
 – Total 346,595
 – Density 2.2/km2 (5.7/sq mi)
Time zone West Africa Time (UTC+1)
Landscape of rural Diffa Region, Niger, traveling on the main highway from Diffa to Niamey. (2006)

Diffa is an administrative Region of Niger, the capital of the region is the city of Diffa.

Contents

Situation

Diffa Region is situated in the extreme south east of Niger between 10° 30’ and 15° 35’ longitude East and 13° 04’ and 18° 00’ latitude North. It covers 156 906 km², and is bordered to the north by Agadez Region, Zinder Region to the west, and to the south and east by the Federal Republic of Nigeria and the Republic of Chad.

Diffa Region borders:

Domestically, it borders the following Regions:

Population

The population was estimated in 2000 at 216,245 and 346,595 inhabitants in the 2001 census, consisting of ethnic Kanouris, Hausas, Toubous, Touregs, Fula, and the so-called Diffa Arabs.[1] The total annual growth rate is around 1.2 % and it is one of the least populated areas of Niger ( 2.2 people/km²).

The population is 85% sedentary and 15 % nomadic, practicing seasonal migration with their livestock (Transhumism). The demographic structure, fairly constant over time, is 37% aged less than 20, 57% between 20 - 60, and 6% older than 60 years old.

Administrative subdivisions

Departments of Diffa

Diffa Region is divided into three Departments:

The Region also includes three Urban Communes, a number of Rural Communes, four Cantons, and over twenty Groupments (administrative councils of nomadic communities).

The Urban Communes are Diffa, Maïné-Soroa, N'guigmi; while the Rural Communes include Bosso, Chétimari, Goudoumaria, N'gourti, Kabléwa, Nguel beyli, and Gueskérou.

Regional economy

The economy of the Diffa Region is primarily agricultural, based upon pastoralism and farming. The major crop, grown both for subsistence and sale, is Millet, especially drought tolerant varieties. One third of arable land is devoted to farming: almost 105,000 hectares farmed of the 299500 hectares of arable land.

Areas of the east and south also grow rice and maize. Irrigation in the valleys around Maïné-Soroa make this possible, as well as does the edge of Lake Chad ( 3,000 km² in the far east) and the seasonal Komadougou Yobe river valley in the south, which forms around 150km of the border with Nigeria.

Despite this the Diffa Region is among the most unproductive agricultural areas in Niger, and all of West Africa, making it especially vulnerable to drought and famine.

See also

References

  • Portions of this article were translated from the French language Wikipedia article fr:Diffa (région), 2008-06-19.
  • Decalo, Samuel (1997). Historical Dictionary of the Niger (3rd ed.). Boston & Folkestone: Scarecrow Press. ISBN 0810831368. :p. 120
  • Geels, Jolijn (2006). Niger. Chalfont St Peter, Bucks / Guilford, CT: Bradt UK / Globe Pequot Press. ISBN 9781841621524. :pp.227-238
  • The Wodaabe Of Southeastern Niger. In Nikolaus Schareika. Ecological Knowledge And Herd Movement Strategies Among The Wodaabe Of Southeastern Niger. Institut für Ethnologie und Afrikastudien, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz/The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2003) ISBN 9251050619



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Diffa (Region) — Diffa Basisdaten Staat Niger Hauptstadt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Diffa (Région) — La région de Diffa est située à l’extrême Est du Niger entre 10° 30’ et 15° 35’ de longitude Est et 13° 04’ et 18° 00’ de latitude Nord. Elle couvre une superficie de 156 906 km2, est limitée au nord par la région d’Agadez, celle de Zinder à… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diffa (région) — 14° N 13° E / 14, 13 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diffa — Diffa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Diffa Department — Diffa   Department   Diffa Department location in the region Country …   Wikipedia

  • Diffa —   Urban Commune   …   Wikipedia

  • Diffa (département) — Diffa (région) La région de Diffa est située à l’extrême Est du Niger entre 10° 30’ et 15° 35’ de longitude Est et 13° 04’ et 18° 00’ de latitude Nord. Elle couvre une superficie de 156 906 km2, est limitée au nord par la région d’Agadez, celle… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Diffa Arabs — (also known as Mahamid Arabs) is the Nigerien name given to Arab nomadic tribespeople living in eastern Niger, mostly in the Diffa Region. Numbering no more than 150,000 and accounting for less than %1.5 of the Niger s population, the Diffa… …   Wikipedia

  • Diffa (departamento) — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Diffa Capital Diffa Población 346.595 habitantes Censo 2001 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Diffa (Departement) — Viehkarren in Diffa Diffa ist ein Departement in der gleichnamigen Region Diffa im westafrikanischen Staat Niger. Es erstreckt sich über eine Fläche von 7.563 km² und ist somit das flächenmäßig kleinste Departement in der Region. Es gliedert sich …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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