- Cycle polo
Bike polo match in Budapest
Highest governing body International Bicycle Polo Federation First played 1891 - Wicklow, Ireland. (Rathclaren Rovers V Ohne Hast Cycling Club) Characteristics Team members Five or Three Categorization Team sport Equipment Bicycle, Mallet, Ball Olympic London, 1908. (Demonstration Game – Ireland 3-v-1 Germany)
Cycle polo is a team sport, invented in County Wicklow, Ireland, in 1891 by retired cyclist, Richard J. Mecredy. The sport is similar to traditional polo, except that bicycles are used instead of horses. The hardcourt game has seen a sharp spike in interest as of 2007 and new teams are sprouting up across the world. Cycle polo can now be accounted for in the USA, Ireland, Switzerland, France, India, Germany, Pakistan, Malaysia, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, Hungary, Australia, Sweden, England, Scotland, Argentina, Italy, and Canada.
The Traditional game
Traditional cycle polo is played in a rectangular grass field, 150 meters by 100 meters officially, unofficially whatever field is big enough. Moreover, official dimensions can vary between 120 and 150 meters in length on 80 to 100 meters in width. The ball used is of circumference 12-15 inches and the mallet is of length 1 meter.
There are 6 members (7 in France) in a team of which 4 (5 in France) are on field at a time. The other two are used as substitutes. International matches are played for a duration of 30 minutes divided into periods of 7.5 minutes each called as a chukkar. Extra time can be used to determine the winner in case the scores are tied at normal time.
If a deliberate foul is committed at the vicinity of the goal, the team that is fouled is automatically given a goal. Less severe fouls are awarded 15 metre and 25 metre free hits. In the event of deliberate fouls or dangerous fouls, the umpire can issue the Yellow card (warning) and in case of repeated or severe fouls the Red card (ejection). The ejected player can be replaced by a substitute after the end of the current chukkar if the umpire allows it.
The Hardcourt game
In recent years, an alternate form of the game known as "Hardcourt Bike Polo" or "Urban Bike Polo" has grown in popularity. In this variation, teams composed of three to five players compete on tennis courts, street hockey rinks, or whatever other surfaces are available. The rules vary slightly by city.
Generally this is a faster game with 3 members on a team, no substitutions, and all members are on the court at all times. A Street Hockey ball is used and matches are played until one team scores 5 points, without playing chukkars. During tournament play a time limit, such as 10 minutes, may be used to maximize the number of tournament rounds possible during the day.
There are three core rules of play:
In the case of a 'foot down' or 'dab' (touching the ground with one's foot) the player must "tap out" by riding to mid-court and hitting a designated area with their mallet. There is usually a tap-out located on either side of the court.
In order to score, the offensive player must hit the ball across the goal line using the narrow end of the mallet - this is called a "shot" or "hit" - hitting the ball across the goal line with the wide end of the mallet is called a "shuffle".
When your team scores a goal, you wait back in your end for the other team (player or ball, whichever comes first) to cross half before engaging in play again.
There are three contact rules: body on body, bike on bike and mallet on mallet.
The game was invented by an Irishman, Richard J. Mecredy, in 1891. That same year the first cycle polo match was played between The Scalp and the Ohne Hast C.C.. Towards the end of the 19th century the game reached Great Britain, USA and France. The first international match was played between Ireland and England in 1901. Cycle polo was a demonstration sport at the 1908 London Olympics with Ireland winning the gold, beating Germany.
The sport reached its peak of popularity in Great Britain during the 1930s with the introduction of the regional leagues. Cycle polo also flourished in France during this period with the establishment of the French league. Internationals between France and Great Britain were held regularly. However the Second World War marked the beginning of the demise of cycle polo in Britain. The sport managed to hang on in France though, with league championships held regularly till today.
The 1980s saw the rise of two new powers in cycle polo, India and USA. The Cycle Polo Association of India was officially created in 1966 and the Bicycle Polo Association of America was created in 1994. International cycle polo matches staged a comeback in the 1990s with the first world championship organized in 1996 in the USA. Teams from India, USA and Canada participated with India winning the title. The next championship was held in 1999 in Vancouver, Canada which was also won by India. From then on, the championship became a regular event held every year.
The 2004 championship was won by the USA, with teams from India, Canada, France and Pakistan participating.
Today there is organized cycle polo being played in Brazil, Argentina, Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Great Britain, India, Ireland, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland and USA.
Cycle polo was officially recognized by the International Cycling Union in 2001.
The Pukka Chukkas MS Bicycle Polo Cup is an International Open event held in Nepal every year during the World Elephant Polo Championships. The current holders are Afghanistan who beat Norway in the 2010 final. The 2011 Tournament will take place on Thursday 1st December, hosted by Tiger Tops at Meghauly in aid of The Multiple Sclerosis Society and The International Trust for Nature Conservation.
International Bicycle Polo Championships
Year Host Gold Silver Bronze 1996
The European Championships is an annual Bicycle Polo competition for European club teams. It is held over three legs each year in France, Ireland and Britain. The competition began in 2007 following the compromise between French and British/Irish traditional rules. V.C. Frileuse-Sanvic of France were crowned champions of the inaugural competition.
- 2007 Won by V.C. Frileuse-Sanvic, France
- 2008 Won by St-Pierre de Varengeville, France
- ^ Graces Guide. "R.J. Mecredy". gracesguide.co.uk. http://www.gracesguide.co.uk/wiki/R._J._Mecredy. Retrieved 2010-11-03.
- ^ polovelo. "Cycle polo story". Polo-velo.net. http://www.polo-velo.net/english/history/history.htm. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
- ^ "Welcome to rediff.com : Sports - Athens 2004 History". Rediff.com. http://www.rediff.com/sports/ath041908.htm. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
- ^ "BBC SPORT | Olympics 2004 | History | London 1908". BBC News. 2004-07-09. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport1/hi/olympics_2004/history/3054406.stm. Retrieved 2010-10-01.
- Bicycle Polo Association of Ireland
- Manchester (UK) Bicycle Polo
- Bicycle Polo Association of America
- Cycle Polo Federation of India
- Polo Velo (France)
- International Bicycle Polo Federation
- Bike Polo pictures from various locations around the world
- US Bicycle Polo Association
- Minneapolis BikeBall Players
- Wordpress Cycle Polo Blog
- Video of The European Urban Bike Polo Tournament in Eindhoven
- University College Bicycle Polo Club, Oxford
- The Pukka Chukkas MS Bicycle Polo Cup
Hardcourt bike polo
- Axles of Evil - Lil' Beirut style Bike Polo
- Bozeman Bike Polo
- Chicago Bike Polo
- East Vancouver Bike Polo
- Hardcourt Bike Polo
- New York Bike Polo
- League of Bike Polo
- Los Angeles Bike Polo
- Madison Bike Polo
- Minneapolis Bike Polo
- Cleveland Bike Polo
- Lawrence, Kansas Bike Polo
- Edinburgh Bike Polo
- Bike Polo Finland
Interdependent team sports Basket sports Football codesGridiron codesHybrid codesMedieval football codesRugby codes Handball sports Bat-and-ball games Stick and ball sportsHockey sportsPolo sports Ball over a net sports Other sportsAirsoft · Basque pelota (frontenis, jai alai, xare) · Buzkashi · Curling · Cycle ball · Dodgeball · Gateball · Kabaddi · Kho kho · Lagori · Paintball · Pétanque · Rollball · Roller derby · Tchoukball · Ulama · Ultimate · Underwater rugby · Water polo (inner tube) · Wheelchair rugby · Underwater football · Whirlyball
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Urban Cycle Polo — is a variation of standard Cycle polo where two teams ride bicycles and use mallets to score goals with a small ball. Urban cycle polo does not have as many rules as its predecessor and can be played in a variety of locations common to urban… … Wikipedia
Cycle ball — Cycle ball, also known as radball (from German), is a sport similar to football played on bicycles. The two people on each team ride a fixed gear bicycle with no brakes or freewheel. The ball is controlled by the bike and the head, except when… … Wikipedia
polo — [ pɔlo ] n. m. • 1872; mot angl., du tibétain 1 ♦ Sport collectif dans lequel des cavaliers, divisés en deux équipes, essaient de pousser une boule de bois dans le but adverse avec un maillet à long manche. Match de polo. 2 ♦ (1897 « coiffure des … Encyclopédie Universelle
Polo-vélo — Polo à bicyclette Le polo vélo ou polo à bicyclette (ou par anglicisme bike polo, cycle polo ou bicycle polo), est une variante du polo se pratiquant à bicyclette. Il a été inventé en Irlande en 1891. Il a été le premier sport de démonstration… … Wikipédia en Français
Polo a bicyclette — Polo à bicyclette Le polo vélo ou polo à bicyclette (ou par anglicisme bike polo, cycle polo ou bicycle polo), est une variante du polo se pratiquant à bicyclette. Il a été inventé en Irlande en 1891. Il a été le premier sport de démonstration… … Wikipédia en Français
Polo — For other uses, see Polo (disambiguation). Polo players Polo is a team sport played on horseback in which the objective is to score goals against an opposing team. Sometimes called, The Sport of Kings , it was highly popularized by the British.… … Wikipedia
Polo à bicyclette — Le polo vélo ou polo à bicyclette (ou par anglicisme bike polo, cycle polo ou bicycle polo), est une variante du polo se pratiquant à bicyclette. Il a été inventé en Irlande en 1891. Il a été le premier sport de démonstration aux Jeux olympiques… … Wikipédia en Français
Polo-like-Kinasen — (dt. „Polo ähnliche Kinasen“, PLK) sind wichtige Regulatorenzyme des Zellzyklus der Eukaryoten und wurden erstmalig 1993 bei der Taufliege beschrieben. Die PLK sind an der Bildung und Änderung der mitotischen Spindel und an der Aktivierung des … Deutsch Wikipedia
Cycle chic — Copenhagen Today Cycle chic or bicycle chic refers to cycling in fashionable everyday clothes. The phrase Cycle Chic was coined by Mikael Colville Andersen in Copenhagen, Denmark in 2007  … Wikipedia
Cycle Cellulaire — Le cycle cellulaire est l ensemble des phases par lesquelles une cellule passe entre deux divisions successives. Sommaire 1 Durées 2 Les phases du cycle cellulaire 2.1 Introduction: Les notations quantitatives … Wikipédia en Français