Nymphaea caerulea

Nymphaea caerulea
Nymphaea caerulea flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
Order: Nymphaeales
Family: Nymphaeaceae
Genus: Nymphaea
Species: N. caerulea
Binomial name
Nymphaea caerulea
Sav.[1]

Nymphaea caerulea, also known as the Blue Egyptian water lily or sacred blue lily, is a water-lily in the genus Nymphaea.

Contents

Distribution

Its original habitat may have been along the Nile and other locations in East Africa. It spread to other locations, however, already in ancient times, like the Indian Subcontinent and Thailand.

Description

The leaves are broadly rounded, 25–40 cm across, with a notch at the leaf stem. The flowers are 10–15 cm in diameter.

Floral symbolism

Ancient Egyptian funerary stele showing a dead man, named Ba, seated in the center, sniffing a sacred lily.

Reports in the literature by persons unfamiliar with its actual growth and blooming cycle have suggested that the flowers open in the morning, rising to the surface of the water, then close and sink at dusk.[citation needed] In fact, the flower buds rise to the surface over a period of two to three days, and when ready, open at approximately 9–9:30 am and close about 3 pm. The flowers and buds do not rise above the water in the morning, nor do they submerge at night. The flowers have pale bluish-white to sky-blue or mauve petals, smoothly changing to a pale yellow in the centre of the flower.

It was considered extremely significant in Egyptian mythology, since it was said to rise and fall with the sun. Consequently, due to its colourings, it was identified, in some beliefs, as having been the original container, in a similar manner to an egg, of Atum, and in similar beliefs Ra, both solar deities. As such, its properties form the origin of the lotus variant of the Ogdoad cosmogeny. It was the symbol of the Egyptian deity Nefertem.[2]

Properties and uses

In modern culture, blue lotus flowers are used to make various concoctions including blue lotus tea, wine and martinis. Recipes for such drinks involve steeping or soaking the petals, about 10–20 grams for up to three weeks. Blue lotus 'tea' is prepared by boiling the entire flowers for 10–20 minutes.

Recent studies have shown Nymphaea caerulea to have mild psycho-active properties. It may have been used as a sacrament in ancient Egypt and certain ancient South American cultures. Eating Blue Lotus can act as a mild sedative. Nymphaea caerulea is distantly related to, and possesses similar activity to Nelumbo nucifera, the Sacred Lotus. Both Nymphaea caerulea and Nelumbo nucifera contain the alkaloids nuciferine and aporphine.[3] The mildly sedating effects of Nymphaea caerulea makes it a likely candidate (among several) for the lotus plant eaten by the mythical Lotophagi in Homer's Odyssey.

This lotus is used to produce perfumes since ancient times; it is also used in aromatherapy.

Used in aromatherapy, Nymphaea caerulea is purported to have a "divine" essence, bringing heightened awareness and tranquility.[citation needed] Some sources cite it as an antispasmodic similar to copal resin.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Nymphaea caerulea information from NPGS/GRIN". www.ars-grin.gov. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?25433. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  2. ^ Wilkinson, Richard H. (2003). The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt. Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-05120-8. 
  3. ^ http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/lotus.htm

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nymphaea caerulea — Systematik Ordnung: Seerosenartige (Nymphaeales) Familie …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nymphaea caerulea —   Nymphaea caerulea …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nymphaea caerulea — Lotus bleu  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Le Lotus bleu.  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nymphaea caerulea — ID 56608 Symbol Key NYCA3 Common Name Egyptian lotus Family Nymphaeaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Introduced to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution HI Growth Habit Forb/herb Duration …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Nymphaea caerulea — Lotus Lo tus (l[=o] t[u^]s), n. [L. lotus, Gr. lwto s. Cf. {Lote}.] 1. (Bot.) (a) A name of several kinds of water lilies; as {Nelumbium speciosum}, used in religious ceremonies, anciently in Egypt, and to this day in Asia; {Nelumbium luteum},… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Nymphaea caerulea — noun blue Egyptian lotus: held sacred by the Egyptians • Syn: ↑blue lotus • Hypernyms: ↑water lily …   Useful english dictionary

  • Nymphaea caerulea Savigny — Symbol NYCA3 Common Name Egyptian lotus Botanical Family Nymphaeaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Nymphaea — Peach Glow Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Nymphaea — Nymphaea …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nymphaea lotus — Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae (unranked) …   Wikipedia


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