David Cox (statistician)

David Cox
Born 15 July 1924
Birmingham, EnglandCitizenship United Kingdom Fields Statistics Institutions Royal Aircraft Establishment
Wool Industries Research Association
University of Cambridge
Birkbeck College, London
Imperial College, London
Nuffield College, OxfordAlma mater St John's College, Cambridge
University of LeedsDoctoral advisor Henry Daniels and Bernard Welch Doctoral students David Hinkley
Peter McCullagh
Basilio de Bragança Pereira
Walter L. Smith
Gauss Moutinho Cordeiro
Valerie IshamKnown for Cox proportional hazards model
Stochastic processes
Design of experiments
Analysis of binary dataNotable awards Knight Bachelor
Fellow of the Royal Society
Guy medals in silver and gold
Kettering Prize
Copley MedalSir David Roxbee Cox FRS (b.1924 Birmingham, England) is a prominent British statistician.
Contents
Biography
Early years
Cox studied mathematics at St. John's College, Cambridge and obtained his PhD from the University of Leeds in 1949, advised by Henry Daniels and Bernard Welch.^{[1]}
Career
He was employed from 1944 to 1946 at the Royal Aircraft Establishment, from 1946 to 1950 at the Wool Industries Research Association in Leeds, and from 1950 to 1956 worked at the Statistical Laboratory at the University of Cambridge. From 1956 to 1966 he was Reader and then Professor of Statistics at Birkbeck College, London. In 1966, he took up the Chair position in Statistics at Imperial College London where he later become head of the mathematics department. In 1988 he became Warden of Nuffield College and a member of the Department of Statistics at Oxford University. He formally retired from these positions in 1994.
Cox has received numerous honorary doctorates. He has been awarded the Guy Medals in Silver (1961) and Gold (1973) of the Royal Statistical Society. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1973, was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II in 1985 and became an Honorary Fellow of the British Academy in 2000. He is a Foreign Associate of the US National Academy of Sciences and a foreign member of the Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters. In 1990 he won the Kettering Prize and Gold Medal for Cancer Research for "the development of the Proportional Hazard Regression Model." In 2010 he was awarded the Copley Medal of the Royal Society "for his seminal contributions to the theory and applications of statistics." It is given for "outstanding achievements in research in any branch of science, and alternates between the physical sciences and the biological sciences". Awarded every year, the medal is the oldest Royal Society medal still being awarded, having first been given in 1731.
He has supervised, collaborated with, and encouraged many younger researchers now prominent in statistics. He has served as President of the Bernoulli Society, of the Royal Statistical Society, and of the International Statistical Institute. He is now an Honorary Fellow of Nuffield College and a member of the Department of Statistics at the University of Oxford.
He has made pioneering and important contributions to numerous areas of statistics and applied probability, of which the best known is perhaps the proportional hazards model, which is widely used in the analysis of survival data. An example is survival times in medical research that can be related to information about the patients such as age, diet or exposure to certain chemical substances. The Cox process was named after him.
Personal life
In 1947 he married Joyce Drummond and they have four children and two grandchildren.
Bibliography
Sir David Cox has written or coauthored 300 papers and books. From 1966 to 1991 he was the editor of Biometrika. His books are as follows:
 Planning of experiments (1958)
 Queues (Methuen, 1961). With Walter L. Smith
 The theory of stochastic processes (1965). With Hilton David Miller
 Analysis of binary data (1969). With Joyce E. Snell
 Theoretical statistics (1974). With D. V. Hinkley
 Point processes (Chapman & Hall/CRC, 1980). With Valerie Isham
 Applied statistics, principles and examples (Chapman & Hall/CRC, 1981). With Joyce E. Snell
 Analysis of survival data (Chapman & Hall/CRC, 1984). With David Oakes
 Asymptotic techniques for use in statistics. (1989) With Ole E. BarndorffNielsen
 Inference and asymptotics (Chapman & Hall/CRC, 1994). With Ole E. BarndorffNielsen
 Multivariate dependencies, models, analysis and interpretation (Chapman & Hall, 1995). With Nanny Wermuth
 The theory of design of experiments. (Chapman & Hall/CRC, 2000). With Nancy M. Reid.
 Complex stochastic systems (Chapman & Hall/CRC, 2000). With Ole E. BarndorffNielsen and Claudia Klüppelberg
 Components of variance (Chapman & Hall/CRC, 2003). With P. J. Solomon
 Principles of Statistical Inference (Cambridge University Press, 2006). ISBN 9780521685672
 Selected Statistical Papers of Sir David Cox 2 Volume Set
 Principles of Applied Statistics (CUP) With Christl A. Donnelly
He is an named editor of the following books
 Time series models in econometrics, finance and others (Chapman & Hall/CRC, 1996). With D. V. Hinkley and Ole E. BarndorffNielsen (editors)
 D. M. Titterington and D. R. Cox, ed (2001). Biometrika: One Hundred Years. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0198509936.
 The collected works of John Tukey (Chapman & Hall/CRC, 1992). Editor.
The following book was published in his honour.
See also
 Cox process
 Proportional hazards models
 Logrank test
 BoxCox transformation
References
External links
 Sir David Cox  homepage at website of University of Oxford.
 The certificate of election to the Royal Society is available at Cox, David Roxbee
 There are two photographs at Portraits of Statisticians
 Cox's time in the Cambridge Statistical Laboratory is recounted in The History of the Cambridge Statistical Laboratory
 Summary of his life and work, page 3 of ENBIS News, Winter/Spring 2006
 For Cox's PhD students see David Roxbee Cox on the Mathematics Genealogy Project page.
 Nancy Reid (August 1994). "A Conversation with Sir David Cox". Statistical Science 9 (3): 439–455. doi:10.1214/ss/1177010394.
Academic offices Preceded by
Claus MoserPresident of the Royal Statistical Society
1980–1982Succeeded by
Peter ArmitageCopley Medallists Jacques Miller (2001) · John Pople (2002) · John Gurdon (2003) · Harry Kroto (2004) · Paul Nurse (2005) · Stephen Hawking (2006) · Robert May (2007) · Roger Penrose (2008) · Martin Evans (2009) · David Cox / Tomas Lindahl (2010)
Complete roster: 1731–1750 · 1751–1800 · 1801–1850 · 1851–1900 · 1901–1950 · 1951–2000 · 2001–present
Guy Medallists Gold Medallists Charles Booth (1892) · Robert Giffen (1894) · J. Athelstane Baines (1900) · Francis Ysidro Edgeworth (1907) · Patrick G. Craigie (1908) · G. Udny Yule (1911) · T.H.C. Stevenson (1920) · A. William Flux (1930) · A.L. Bowley (1935) · Major Greenwood (1945) · R.A. Fisher (1946) · A. Bradford Hill (1953) · E.S. Pearson (1955) · Frank Yates (1960) · Harold Jeffreys (1962) · Jerzy Neyman (1966) · M.G. Kendall (1968) · M.S. Bartlett (1969) · Harald Cramér (1972) · David Cox (1973) · G.A. Barnard (1975) · Roy Allen (1978) · D.G. Kendall (1981) · Henry Daniels (1984) · Bernard Benjamin (1986) · Robin Plackett (1987) · Peter Armitage (1990) · George E. P. Box (1993) · Peter Whittle (1996) · Michael Healy (1999) · D.V. Lindley (2002) · John Nelder (2005) · James Durbin (2008) · C.R. Rao (2011)
Silver Medallists John Glover (1893) · Augustus Sauerbeck (1894) · A.L. Bowley (1895) · F.J. Atkinson (1897) · C.S. Loch (1899) · Richard Crawford (1900) · Thomas A. Welton (1901) · R.H. Hooker (1902) · Yves Guyot (1903) · D.A. Thomas (1904) · R.H. Rew (1905) · W.H. Shaw (1906) · N.A. Humphreys (1907) · Edward Brabrook (1909) · G.H. Wood (1910) · R. Dudfield (1913) · S. Rowson (1914) · S.J. Chapman (1915) · J. Shield Nicholson (1918) · J.C. Stamp (1919) · A. William Flux (1921) · H.W. Macrosty (1927) · Ethel Newbold (1928) · H.E. Soper (1930) · J.H. Jones (1934) · E.C. Snow (1935) · R.G. Hawtrey (1936) · E.C. Ramsbottom (1938) · L. Isserlis (1939) · H. Leak (1940) · M.G. Kendall (1945) · H. Campion (1950) · F.A.A. Menzler (1951) · M.S. Bartlett (1952) · J.O. Irwin (1953) · L.H.C. Tippett (1954) · D.G. Kendall (1955) · Henry Daniels (1957) · G.A. Barnard (1958) · E.C. Fieller (1960) · D.R. Cox (1961) · P.V. Sukhatme (1962) · George E. P. Box (1964) · C.R. Rao (1965) · Peter Whittle (1966) · D.V. Lindley (1968) · Robin Plackett (1973) · James Durbin (1976) · John Nelder (1977) · Peter Armitage (1978) · Michael Healy (1979) · M. Stone (1980) · John Kingman (1981) · Henry Wynn (1982) · Julian Besag (1983) · J.C. Gittins (1984) · A. Bissell, W. Pridmore (1985) · Richard Peto (1986) · John Copas (1987) · J. Aitchison (1988) · F.P. Kelly (1989) · David Clayton (1990) · R.L. Smith (1991) · Robert Curnow (1992) · A.F.M. Smith (1993) · David Spiegelhalter (1994) · B.W. Silverman (1995) · Stephan Lauritzen (1996) · Peter Diggle (1997) · Harvey Goldstein (1998) · Peter Green (1999) · Walter Gilks (2000) · Philip Dawid (2001) · David Hand (2002) · Kanti Mardia (2003) · Peter Donnelly (2004) · Peter McCullagh (2005) · Michael Titterington (2006) · Howell Tong (2007) · Gareth Roberts (2008) · Sylvia Richardson (2009) · I.M. Johnstone (2010) · P.G. Hall (2011)
Bronze Medallists William Gemmell Cochran (1936) · R.F. George (1938) · W.J. Jennett (1949) · Peter Armitage (1962) · James Durbin (1966) · F. Downton (1967) · Robin Plackett (1968) · M.C. Pike (1969) · P.G. Moore (1970) · D.J. Bartholomew (1971) · G.N. Wilkinson (1974) · A.F. Bissell (1975) · P.L. Goldsmith (1976) · A.F.M. Smith (1977) · Philip Dawid (1978) · T.M.F. Smith (1979) · A.J. Fox (1980) · S.J. Pocock (1982) · Peter McCullagh (1983) · Bernard Silverman (1984) · David Spiegelhalter (1985) · D.F. Hendry (1986) · Peter Green (1987) · S.C. Darby (1988) · S.M. Gore (1989) · Valerie Isham (1990) · M.G. Kenward (1991) · C. Jennison (1992) · J.A. Tawn (1993) · R.F.A. Poultney (1994) · I. Johnstone (1995) · J.N.S. Matthews (1996) · Gareth Roberts (1997) · D. Firth (1998) · P.W.F. Smith, J. Forster (1999) · J. Wakefield (2000) · Guy Nason (2001) · Geert Molenberghs (2002) · Peter Lynn (2003) · Nicola Best (2004) · Steve Brooks (2005) · Matthew Stephens (2006) · Paul Fearnhead (2007) · Fiona Steele (2008) · Chris Holmes (2009) · O. Papaspiliopoulos (2010) · N. Meinshausen (2011)
Categories: 20thcentury mathematicians
 Academics of Birkbeck, University of London
 Academics of Imperial College London
 Alumni of the University of Leeds
 Elected Members of the International Statistical Institute
 English mathematicians
 English statisticians
 Fellows of the American Statistical Association
 Fellows of the British Academy
 Fellows of the Royal Society
 ISI highly cited researchers
 Knights Bachelor
 Living people
 Members of the United States National Academy of Sciences
 People from Birmingham, West Midlands
 Presidents of the International Statistical Institute
 Presidents of the Royal Statistical Society
 Queueing theorists
 Wardens of Nuffield College, Oxford
 Winners of the Guy Medal in Gold
 Winners of the Guy Medal in Silver
 1924 births
 Members of Academia Europaea
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