name = Afikim
foundation = 1932
founded_by = Russian members of
region = Jordan Valley
latd=32 | latm=40 | lats=46.56
longd=35 | longm=34 | longs=40.08
Afikim ( _he. אֲפִיקִים) is an
Israeli kibbutzaffiliated with the Kibbutz Movementlocated in the Jordan Valley within three kilometers of the Sea of Galilee, and within the jurisdiction of the Emek HaYarden Regional Council. In 2006 it had a population of 976.
Russian Jews affiliated with the
Hashomer Hatzairmovement were initially organised in 1924 and settled in the area of Wazia in the Upper Galilee. In 1932 the group moved to its current location on a tract of land belonging to Degania Bet, where it continued to absorb groups of ideological European Jews (Gar'in).
1948 Arab-Israeli Warthe kibbutz was a stronghold of Palmachactivity, and was afterwards a centre for training Nahalsoldier-farmers.
During the split of the "Kibbutz Meuhad" movement, Afikim, unlike many other kibbutzim, did not split up into two villages. Rather it joined the
Mapai-affiliated faction which went on to found the "Ihud Kibbutzim", and not the Communist-leaning group.
Afikim contains about 6,000
dunamof land, and is home to 1,400. The kibbutz grows bananas, Date Palms, and other subtropicalflora, as well as cereals, and engages in fishing and dairy farming. It is also home to "SAE Afikim", a dairy equipment company, and "Afikim Electric Mobilizers", a producer of electric wheelchairs. Yitzchak Tavori, leader of the 1930s anarchistgroup "The Free Socialists", and Israeli painter Leo Rothare natives of Afikim. The name Afkim means riverbeds and refers to the Jordan Riverand its tributaries.
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