Architecture of Portland, Oregon
Portland architecture includes a number of notable buildings, a wide range of styles, and a few notable pioneering architects.
The scale of many projects is relatively small, as a result of the relatively small size of downtown-Portland blocks (200 feet by 200 feet) and strict height restrictions enacted to protect views of nearby
Mount Hoodfrom Portland's West Hills. Although these restrictions limit project size, they contribute to Portland's reputation for thoughtful urban planningand livability.
Many older buildings have been preserved and re-used, including many glazed terra-cotta buildings .
Portland is a leader in sustainable architecture with one of the largest collections of LEED-accredited "green" buildings in the U. S., though the city is better-known for its focus on urban planning.
Pietro Belluschibegan his career in Portland with the prolific firm of A.E. Doyle, leaving his imprint upon the city until the 1980s. Other notable architects and firms who have worked in Portland are Skidmore, Owings and Merrill(SOM), Michael Graves, Cass Gilbert, Rapp and Rapp, Daniel Burnham & Co., Kohn Pedersen Fox(KPF), Zimmer Gunsul Frasca Architects(ZGF) and Brad Cloepfil of Allied Works. Local architects that have had a large influence on Portland's architecture include Francis Marion Stokesand his father William R. Stokes (combined works include over 270 buildings from 1882 to the 1960s), the Victorian-era architect Warren H. Williams(architect of several surviving cast-iron buildings including the Blagen Blockas well as the stick-gothic Old Church) and Whidden & Lewis(architects of Portland City Hall, the long demolished Portland Hotel, the Weinhard Brewery Complex, several office buildings on SW 3rd Ave. and numerous residences).
The tallest skyscrapers in Portland (as of August 2008) are:
#Wells Fargo Center (546 ft./166 m., completed 1972)
US Bancorp Tower(536 ft./163 m., completed 1983)
KOIN Center(509 ft./155 m., completed 1984)
PacWest Center(418 ft./127 m., completed 1984)
Fox Tower(376 ft., completed 2000)
Standard Insurance Center(112 m., completed 1971)
John Ross Tower(325 ft./99m., completed 2007)
Congress Center(98 m., completed 1980)
Mark O. Hatfield United States Courthouse(318 ft/97 m., completed 1997)
#ODS Tower (94 m., completed 1999)
#1000 Broadway (288 ft./88 m., completed 1991)
Park Avenue West Tower(515 Feet, U/C March 2008)
The Ardea(325 Feet, U/C 2007)
The Alexan(230 Feet, U/C 2007)
The Encore(175 Feet, U/C 2007)
Other notable buildings
Other notable buildings in Portland include:
The Arlene Schnitzer Concert Hall, a restored historic theater (formerly The Paramount) and accompanying Heathman Hotel.
Benson Hotel, an elegant, restored historic hotel.
Pietro Belluschi's Equitable Building was the first aluminum-clad building and the first to be completely sealed with an air-conditioned environment.
Lloyd Centermall - The world's largest mall when it opened in the summer of 1960.
Meier & Frank Building- Meier & Frank's full-block, glazed terra-cotta flagship department store.
Oregon Convention Center's twin spires are a prominent feature on the eastside skyline.
Pittock Mansionis a popular tourist attraction.
Portland Public Service Buildingby Michael Graves, the first major post-modernbuilding constructed in the US.
Rose Garden Arena, home of the Portland Trail Blazers.
*Union Station- An active Florentine-style train station with a 150 ft.
Pioneer Courthouse, the oldest federal building in the Pacific Northwestand the second-oldest west of the Mississippi River.
*One of the largest collections of
Cast iron architecturein the United States, primarily in Old Town. A classic example of such construction is The Grand Stable & Carriage Building, built by the Oregon business pioneer Simeon Reed.
Portland has many bridges:
Bridges on the Willamette River
*Fremont Bridge (1973, Half-through tied arch)
Marquam Bridge(1966, Through truss)
Morrison Bridge(1958, Bascule draw)
St. Johns Bridge(1931, Suspension)
Burnside Bridge(1926, Bascule draw)
Ross Island Bridge(1926, Cantilever truss)
Sellwood Bridge(1925, Steel deck truss)
*Broadway Bridge (1913, Bascule truss)
Steel Bridge(1912, cars/1925, trains; Steel through-truss, double-deck lift)
Hawthorne Bridge(1910, Through truss, vertical lift)
Bridges on the Columbia River
Glenn L. Jackson Memorial Bridge(1982, Segregated concrete box girder)
Interstate Bridge(1917/1958, Through truss, vertical lift)
* List of Registered Historic Places in Portland
* [http://www.skyscraperpage.com/diagrams/?c29 Skyscraperpage.com diagram of Portland's buildings by height]
* [http://spot.pcc.edu/~dkirby/student_sites/samuelklein52/final/index.html PCC.edu: Guide to Portland's Bridges]
* [http://www.portlandonline.com/shared/cfm/image.cfm?id=146276 City of Portland's List of Historic Landmarks] (Excel spreadsheet)
* [http://www.af-oregon.org/afo.php?section=look Architecture Foundation of Oregon - Look Around Guide to Portland Architecture]
* [http://www.portlandonline.com/shared/cfm/image.cfm?id=146270 Bibliography of Portland Architecture and Architectural History]
* [http://maps.google.com/maps/ms?hl=en&gl=us&ie=UTF8&oe=UTF8&msa=0&msid=108385936749983664871.000455c6feffbe10e226f Portland Oregon Architecture: An Architectural Map]
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