Syndic (Late Lat. "syndicus", Gr. "σύνδικος", one who helps in a court of justice, an advocate, representative), a term applied in certain countries to an officer of government with varying powers, and secondly to a representative or delegate of a university, institution or other corporation, entrusted with special functions or powers.

The meaning which underlies both applications is that of representative or delegate. Du Cange ("Gloss, s.v. Syndicus"), after defining the word as defensor, fair onus, advocatus, proceeds "Syndici maxime appellantur Actores universitatum, collegiorum, societatum et aliorum corporum, per quos, tanquam in republica quod communiter agi fierive oportet, agitur et fit," and gives several examples from the 13th century of the use of the term. The most familiar use of "syndic" in the first sense is that of the Italian "sindico", who is the head of the administration of a commune, answering to a "mayor"; he is a government official but is elected by the communal council from their own members by secret ballot.

The president of Andorra's parliament is known as the "sindic". Until the 1993 Constitution, the sindic was the effective head of government of Andorra.

Nearly all companies, guilds, and the University of Paris had representative bodies the members of which were termed "syndici". Similarly in England, the Regent House of the University of Cambridge, which is the legislative body, delegates certain functions to special committees of its members, appointed from time to time by Grace (a proposal offered to the Regent House and confirmed by it); these committees are termed "syndicates" and are permanent or occasional, and the members are styled "the syndics" of the particular committee or of the institution which they administer; thus there are the syndics of the Fitzwilliam Museum, of the Cambridge University Press, of local examinations, etc. ----

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  • syndic — [ sɛ̃dik ] n. m. • syndiques 1257; lat. tardif syndicus; gr. sundikos « celui qui assiste qqn en justice » 1 ♦ Hist. Dans une ville franche, Chacun des représentants des habitants auprès du seigneur suzerain de la ville. Dans une paroisse rurale …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • syndic — SYNDIC. s. m. Celuy qui est esleu pour prendre soin des affaires d une Communauté, d un Corps, dont il est membre. Procureur syndic. le syndic de Sorbonne. le syndic des creanciers. le syndic des Rentiers. le syndic des Estats, d une Province.… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Syndic — Syn dic, n. [L. syndictus, Gr. ? helping in a court of justice, advocate; sy n with + ? justice, akin to ? to show: cf. F. syndic. See {Teach}.] 1. An officer of government, invested with different powers in different countries; a magistrate.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • syndic — syn·dic / sin dik/ n [French, government officer, from Late Latin syndicus, from Greek syndikos court assistant, advocate, from syn together with + dikē right, judgment] in the civil law of Louisiana: a trustee of property owned by an insolvent… …   Law dictionary

  • syndic — c.1600, civil magistrate, especially in Geneva, from Fr. syndic chief representative (14c.), from L.L. syndicus representative of a group or town, from Gk. syndikos public advocate, from syn together + dike judgment, justice, usage, custom… …   Etymology dictionary

  • syndic — Syndic, et Procureur d une Communauté, Actor vniuersitatis, Syndicus …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • syndic — [sin′dik] n. [Fr < LL syndicus, representative of a corporation < Gr syndikos, helping in a court of justice, hence, defendant s advocate, judge < syn , together + dikē, justice < IE base * deik , to point out > DICTION, TOKEN] 1.… …   English World dictionary

  • Syndic — Sur les autres projets Wikimedia : « Syndic », sur le Wiktionnaire (dictionnaire universel) Un syndic est une personne chargée de gérer les affaires et de défendre les intérêts d une communauté. Sommaire 1 Histoire 2 Acception… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SYNDIC — s. m. Celui qui est élu pour prendre soin des affaires d une communauté, d un corps dont il est membre, ou d une réunion de créanciers, etc. Le syndic de la faculté. Le syndic des créanciers. Le syndic des notaires, des agents de change. Le… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

  • syndic — (sin dik) s. m. 1°   Celui qui est élu pour prendre soin des intérêts d un corps, d une réunion de créanciers, etc. Le syndic des agents de change ; syndic en titre d office ; syndic honoraire. Il y a des syndics dans les sociétés ouvrières.… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

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