Greek military ranks

Modern Greek military ranks are based on Ancient Greek & Byzantine terminology, even though the ranks correspond to those of other Western armies. For example, ancient hoplite unit of approximately 100 men, the lochos, is today the name for a company of soldiers; its commander, as in ancient times, is a lochagos, while his lieutenants are called ypolochagoi - literally, "sub-captains" - a modern neologism. A sergeant is known as a lochias. A tagmatarchis (major) commands a tagma (battalion) and so forth. Thus, every officer or non-commissioned officer is in the land and air forces is generally named after the type of unit he commands, with the suffix -agos (from agein, "to lead") or -archos / arches (from archein, "to rule").

Contents

Officer ranks

Air Force

Category Greek rank Transliteration British Equivalent NATO
General Officers
Πτέραρχος Pterarchos Air Chief Marshal OF-9
Αντιπτέραρχος Antipterarchos Air Marshal OF-8
Υποπτέραρχος Ypopterarchos Air Vice-Marshal OF-7
Ταξίαρχος Αεροπορίας Taxiarchos Aeroporias Air Commodore OF-6
Senior Officers
Σμήναρχος Sminarchos Group Captain OF-5
Αντισμήναρχος Antisminarchos Wing Commander OF-4
Επισμηναγός Episminagos Squadron Leader OF-3
Junior Officers
Σμηναγός Sminagos Flight Lieutenant OF-2
Υποσμηναγός Yposminagos Flying Officer OF-1
Ανθυποσμηναγός Anthyposminagos Pilot Officer OF-1

Army

Category Greek Rank Transliteration English Equivalent NATO
General Officers
Στρατηγός Stratigos General OF-9
Αντιστράτηγος Antistratigos Lieutenant General OF-8
Υποστράτηγος Ypostratigos Major General OF-7
Ταξίαρχος Taxiarchos Brigadier or Brigadier General OF-6
Field Grade Officers
Συνταγματάρχης Syntagmatarchis Colonel OF-5
Αντισυνταγματάρχης Antisyntagmatarchis Lieutenant Colonel OF-4
Ταγματάρχης Tagmatarchis Major OF-3
Company Grade Officers
Λοχαγός Lochagos Captain OF-2
Υπολοχαγός Ypolochagos Lieutenant OF-1
Ανθυπολοχαγός Anthypolochagos Second Lieutenant OF-1

Navy

Category Greek Rank Transliteration English Equivalent NATO
Flag Officers
Ναύαρχος Navarchos Admiral OF-9
Αντιναύαρχος Antinavarchos Vice Admiral OF-8
Υποναύαρχος Yponavarchos Rear Admiral OF-7
Αρχιπλοίαρχος Archiploiarchos Commodore OF-6
Senior Officers
Πλοίαρχος Ploiarchos Captain OF-5
Αντιπλοίαρχος Antiploiarchos Commander OF-4
Πλωτάρχης Plotarchis Lieutenant Commander OF-3
Junior Officers
Υποπλοίαρχος Ypoploiarchos Lieutenant OF-2
Ανθυποπλοίαρχος Anthypoploiarchos Sub-Lieutenant OF-1
Σημαιοφόρος Simaioforos Ensign OF-1

See also

External links


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