East Africa Protectorate

Infobox Former Country
native_name =
conventional_long_name = East Africa Protectorate
common_name = East Africa Protectorate|
continent = Africa
region =
country =
era =
status = Protectorate
empire = British Empire
government_type = Constitutional monarchy
year_start = 1895
year_end = 1920
event_start =
date_start = 1 July
event_end =
date_end = 23 July|
p1 = Imperial British East Africa Company
flag_p1 =
s1 = Kenya Colony
flag_s1 = Flag of British East Africa.png

flag_type = Flag of British East Africa and the subsequent Colony of Kenya|

symbol =

image_map_caption = Map of British East Africa in 1911.|
capital = Mombasa (-1905)
Nairobi (1905-)
national_motto =
national_anthem = God Save the Queen
common_languages = English
religion =
currency = |
leader1 = Victoria
year_leader1 = 1895-1901
leader2 = George V
year_leader2 = 1910-1920
title_leader = Monarch
representative1 = Arthur Henry Hardinge
year_representative1 = 1895-1897
representative2 = Sir Edward Northey
year_representative2 = 1919-1920
title_representative = Commissioner, Governor

The East Africa Protectorate was a British dependency extending from the Indian Ocean inland to Uganda. It was about 246,800 mi² (639,209 km²) in size and the area included part of the Great Rift Valley.

About 1885, the British East Africa Association was founded by William Mackinnon with encouragement from the British government. This led to the creation of the Imperial British East Africa Company, chartered in 1888, and given the original grant to administer the dependency. The administration was transferred to the Foreign Office in 1895, and to the Colonial Office in 1905. Nairobi was the administrative headquarters. In 1906, an order in council constituted the administrator a governor and provided for legislative and executive councils. Lieutenant Colonel J. Hayes Sadler was the first governor and commander in chief.

After 1896 immigrants from India came to the area as money lenders, traders, and artisans. Racial segregation was normalized, with the Europeans assigning the Highlands to themselves. Other restrictions included commercial and residential segregation in the towns, and restrictions on Indian immigration. Nevertheless, the Indians rapidly grew to outnumber the Europeans by more than two to one by 1919. India was a crown colony whose citizens enjoyed certain privileges but it was unclear whether the Indians in East Africa were to be recognized as citizens of the British Empire or as a subject race.

In 1920, East Africa Protectorate became a crown colony known as Kenya Colony. In particular, Indians in Kenya objected to the reservation of the Highlands for Europeans. Bitterness continued to grow between the Indians and the Europeans. The population in 1921 was estimated at 2,376,000, of whom 9651 were Europeans, 22,822 Indians, and 10,102 Arabs. Mombasa, the largest city, had a population of 32,000 in 1921.

See also

* East Africa and Uganda Protectorates

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