Military district (Russian Empire)
In the Imperial Russian Army, a military district (Russian: вое́нный о́круг, voyenny okrug) was a territorial association of military units, formations, military schools, and various local military establishments. This territorial division type was utilized to provide a more efficient management of army units, their training and other operations activities related to combat readiness.
In the Imperial Russian Army, military districts were first formed by Dmitry Milyutin in 1862–64 to replace the pre-existing Military Inspectorates. The military districts were organised to include civilian administration regions of gubernyas and uyezds. By 1892 there were 13 Military Districts in the Russian Empire, and one region with the status of a military district:
1) Petersburg Military District (Петербу́ргский вое́нный о́круг) – Saint Petersburg, Olonets, Arkhangelsk, Novgorod, Pskov, Estonia and four uyezds of the Livonia gubernya (Pernov, Fellinskiy, Valkskiy and Verrosskiy)
2) Finland Military District (Финля́ндский вое́нный о́круг) - all eight Provinces of the Grand Duchy of Finland
3) Vilno Military District (Ви́ленский вое́нный о́круг) - Vilno, Grodno, Kovno, Kurland, Livonia (without above mentioned four uyezds), Vitebsk, Mogilev, Minsk and Suwałki (without the Shchuchinsk uyezd)
11) Omsk Military District (О́мский вое́нный о́круг) - Tobolsk and Tomsk guberniyas, the Akmolinsk, Semipalatinsk and Semirechye regions (with the local Cossack troops).
The Transcaspian oblast’ had separate military district administrative rights.
The Commander of the military district was named Commanding troops of (name) military district (in the Petersburg military district - Commander-in-Chief who was the Tsar), with all troops, military institutions and military ranks of the military region subordinated to them.
In some regions the military district commander was simultaneously the local Governor-General.
Control of military district included the military-district council and functional district staff and the administrations of artillery, engineers, commissariat and military medical service.
In the Donskoy military district the right and responsibility of the Commander of forces and Governor-Generalship were entrusted to the appointed ataman; control of the military district consisted of Don Cossack host staff and administration.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Petersburg Military District (Russian Empire) — The Petersburg Military District was created in August 1864 following Order B 228 of the Defence Minister of Russian Empire. The order, signed on 10 (22) August established that for local control of the Ground Armed Forces and military… … Wikipedia
Military district — Military districts are formations of a state s armed forces (often of the Army) which are responsible for a certain area of territory. They are often more responsible for administrative than operational matters, and in countries with conscript… … Wikipedia
Military district (Soviet Union) — In the Soviet Union, a military district (Russian: военный округ, voyenny okrug) was a territorial association of military units, formations, military schools, and various local military administrative establishments. This territorial division… … Wikipedia
Russian Empire — Infobox Former Country native name = Российская Империя (ru Cyrl) Rossiyskaya Imperiya (translit) conventional long name = Russian Empire common name = Russia| continent = Eurasia status = Empire government type = Monarchy| year start = 1721 year … Wikipedia
Odessa Military District — Active 1862 1998 Country Russian Empire (1862 1918) … Wikipedia
Moscow Military District — Московский военный округ Moscow Military District Coat of Arms Founded August 6, 1864 Country … Wikipedia
Neo-Byzantine architecture in the Russian Empire — Cathedral of Saint Vladimir in Kiev was the first neo Byzantine design approved for construction in Russian Empire (1852). It was not the first to be completed though, since construction started in 1859 and continued until 1889 … Wikipedia
Leningrad Military District — The Leningrad Military District is a military district of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. As the Russian Military of Defence site officially states, it traces its history from the Petersburg Military District of Imperial Russia. When… … Wikipedia
Volga-Urals Military District — The Volga Ural Military District is a military district of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, formed on 1 September 2001 by the amalgamation of the Volga Military District and the Ural Military District. The headquarters of the Ural… … Wikipedia
Russian Civil War — Clockwise from top: Soldiers of the Don Army in 1919; a White infantry division in March 1920; soldiers of the 1st Cavalry Army; Leon Trotsky in 1918; hanging of workers in Yekaterinoslav by the Czecho … Wikipedia