January 1


January 1
1
2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15
16 17 18 19 20 21 22
23 24 25 26 27 28 29
30 31
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  2002 (Tuesday)

January 1 is the first day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). The preceding day is December 31 of the previous year.

Contents


During the Middle Ages under the influence of the Christian Church, many countries moved the start of the year to one of several important Christian festivals — December 25 (the Nativity of Jesus), March 1, March 25 (the Annunciation), or even Easter. Eastern European countries (most of them with populations showing allegiance to the Orthodox Church) began their numbered year on September 1 from about 988.

In England, January 1 was celebrated as the New Year festival, but from the 12th century to 1752 the year in England began on March 25 (Lady Day). So, for example, the Parliamentary record records the execution of Charles I occurring in 1648 (as the year did not end until March 24), although modern histories adjust the start of the year to January 1 and record the execution as occurring in 1649.

Most western European countries changed the start of the year to January 1 before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. For example, Scotland changed the start of the Scottish New Year to January 1 in 1600. England, Ireland and the British colonies changed the start of the year to January 1 in 1752. Later that year in September, the Gregorian calendar was introduced throughout Britain and the British colonies. These two reforms were implemented by the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750.

January 1 became the official start of the year as follows:

Events

Births

Deaths

Holidays and observances

External links



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • January — is the first month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. It is, on average, the coolest month of the year within most of the Northern Hemisphere and the warmest month of… …   Wikipedia

  • January — Jan u*a*ry, n. [L. Januarius, fr. Janus an old Latin deity, the god of the sun and the year, to whom the month of January was sacred; cf. janua a door, Skr. y[=a] to go.] The first month of the year, containing thirty one days. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • January 31 — Groundhog Day Blizzard Satellite image of the storm on the evening of February 1 over the American Midwest. Storm type: Winter storm, Blizzard, Ice storm, Tornadoes, Thundersnow …   Wikipedia

  • January 21 — Events *1189 Philip II of France and Richard I of England begin to assemble troops to wage the Third Crusade. *1287 The treaty of San Agayz is signed. Minorca is conquered by King Alfons III of Aragon. *1525 The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is born… …   Wikipedia

  • January 4 — Events*46 BC Titus Labienus defeats Julius Caesar in the Battle of Ruspina. *871 Battle of Reading: Ethelred of Wessex fights, and is defeated by, a Danish invasion army. * 1490 Anna of Brittany announces that all those who would ally with the… …   Wikipedia

  • January 6 — Events*1066 Harold Godwinson is crowned King of England. *1205 Philip of Swabia becomes King of the Romans. *1449 Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI is crowned at Mistra. *1535 Francisco Pizarro founds the city of Lima, Peru. *1494 The first Mass… …   Wikipedia

  • January 20 — In astrology, it is the cusp day between Capricorn and Aquarius.Events* 250 Emperor Decius begins a widespread persecution of Christians in Rome. Pope Fabian was martyred. Afterwards the Donatist controversy over readmitting lapsed Christians… …   Wikipedia

  • January 15 — Events *588 BC Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah s reign. The siege lasts until July 23, 586 BC. * 69 Otho seizes power in Rome, proclaiming himself Emperor of Rome, but only rules for three months before… …   Wikipedia

  • January 26 — Events*1340 King Edward III of England is declared King of France. *1500 Vicente Yáñez Pinzón becomes the first European to set foot on Brazil. *1531 Lisbon, Portugal hit by an earthquake thousands die. *1564 The Council of Trent issued its… …   Wikipedia

  • January 28 — Events*1077 Walk to Canossa: The excommunication of Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor is lifted. *1521 The Diet of Worms begins, lasting until May 25. *1547 Henry VIII dies. His nine year old son, Edward VI becomes King, and the first Protestant ruler …   Wikipedia


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