Winooski, Vermont


Winooski, Vermont

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Winooski, Vermont
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto =



imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Mill and falls in Winooski


image_



mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Winooski, Vermont


mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =

subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Vermont
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Chittenden

government_footnotes =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
leader_title1 =
leader_name1 =
established_title =
established_date =

unit_pref = Imperial
area_footnotes =
area_magnitude =
area_total_km2 = 3.9
area_land_km2 = 3.7
area_water_km2 = 0.2
area_total_sq_mi = 1.5
area_land_sq_mi = 1.4
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1

population_as_of = 2000
population_footnotes =
population_total = 6561
population_density_km2 = 1770.7
population_density_sq_mi = 4586.1

timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
elevation_footnotes =
elevation_m = 54
elevation_ft = 177
latd = 44 |latm = 29 |lats = 42 |latNS = N
longd = 73 |longm = 10 |longs = 57 |longEW = W

postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 05404
area_code = 802
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 50-85150GR|2
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 1460302GR|3
website =
footnotes =

Winooski is a city in Chittenden County, Vermont, in the United States. Located at the mouth of the Winooski River, as of the 2000 census the city population was 6,561 [ [http://www.city-data.com/city/Winooski-Vermont.html Winooski, Vermont] City Data] . It is part of the Burlington-South Burlington, VT Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km²), of which, 1.4 square miles (3.7 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (5.30%) is water.

Etymology

The word "winooski" comes from the language of the Abenaki tribe, and means "this is where the wild onions grow".Fact|date=February 2008

History

Pre-columbian

5000 years ago a single family of paleolithic native Americans came to what is now the city. The prehistoric campground for this transient group is one of Vermont's significant archaeological sites. Other native people came to Winooski in the years that followed. [http://www.onioncity.com/htm/historical_look.htm Historical Look at Winooski] ]

Colonial

Situated on a main travel route, Winooski most likely started out as a trading city.Fact|date=May 2008 With a set of waterfalls to assist the growth of industry, it soon became a center for wool processing. [http://www.onioncity.com/htm/historical_look.htm Historical Look at Winooski] ]

In the early 1770s Ira Allen constructed a blockhouse on the Winooski (then "Onion") River which served both as a fort and as general store and office for the land-speculating "Onion River Company." "Fort Frederick" was never used for defense, but its presence increased the value of Onion River property and promoted settlement. [http://www.onioncity.com/htm/historical_look.htm Historical Look at Winooski] ]

Post-colonial

After the Revolutionary War, Ira Allen built a dam across the river with a sawmill at each end. [http://www.onioncity.com/htm/historical_look.htm Historical Look at Winooski] ]

In the late 1830s the Burlington Mill Company used the rivers power for the manufacture of yarns and cloth. [ [http://www.burlingtonvermonthomes.com/towns/winooski.htm About Winooski] ]

Modern times

The American Woolen Company purchased the failing Burlington Mills in in 1901 restoring a measure of economic growth to the area. [ [http://www.burlingtonvt.org/arts-and-humanities/search.cgi?query=woolen Burlington Vt. area] ] This success eventually led Winooski to incorporate as a city in 1922, breaking away from the town of Colchester, Vermont.

The mills closed in 1954, resulting in two decades of economic problems for the city. [ [http://www.onioncity.com/htm/historical_look.htm Historical look at Winooski] ] In the 1980s, two old mills were converted into commercial, office, and apartment space, helping to revitalize the area. [ [http://www.onioncity.com/htm/historical_look.htm Historical look at Winooski] ]

In 1979, the city researched the construction of a dome over the entire city of Winooski, to reduce heating costs during the winter. The proposed dome would have been 200 feet at the center, and internal combustion engines would have been banned. [ [http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,912572,00.html A Dome for Winooski? - TIME Magazine] retrieved June 15, 2008]

In 2008, the city dismissed their city manager of 11 months, while he was still an "at-will" employee. His contract had been scheduled for three years. [cite book | author = Sutkoski, Matt |title = Winooski manager's future cloudy | publisher = Burlington Free Press | date = September 24, 2008]

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 6,561 people, 2,944 households, and 1,466 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,586.1 people per square mile (1,771.5/km²). There were 3,015 housing units at an average density of 2,107.5/sq mi (814.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.55% White, 1.25% African American, 0.52% Native American, 5.40% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 1.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.14% of the population.

There were 2,944 households out of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.4% were couples living together and joined in either marriage or civil union, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.2% were non-families. 36.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.5% under the age of 18, 12.3% from 18 to 24, 34.8% from 25 to 44, 17.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 94.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.

Economy

Personal income

The median income for a household in the city was $30,592, and the median income for a family was $38,551. Males had a median income of $30,257 versus $21,168 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,208. About 10.2% of families and 15.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.8% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over.

Industry

Winooski hosts the headquarters of VSAC, the Vermont Student Assistance Corporation. Their new headquarters is a large part of the city's downtown redevelopment project.Fact|date=May 2008

Notable residents

* Jan Backus, former member of the Vermont Senate.

References

External links

* [http://www.onioncity.com/ Winooski Vermont Official City Website]
* [http://www.winooskipolice.com/history/index.html History of Winooski Police]
*


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