Lord Chancellor of Scotland

Scotland

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The Lord Chancellor of Scotland was a Great Officer of State in pre-Union Scotland.

Holders of the office are known from 1123 onwards, but its duties were occasionally performed by an official of lower status with the title of Keeper of the Great Seal. From the 15th century, the Chancellor was normally a Bishop or an Earl.

At the Union, the Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England became the first Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, but the Earl of Seafield continued as Lord Chancellor of Scotland until 1708. He was re-appointed in 1713 and sat as an Extraordinary Lord of Session in that capacity until his death in 1730. It has been argued that the office is only in abeyance and could be revived, although revival seems unlikely at the present time.

Contents

List of Lord Chancellors of Scotland

David I

Malcolm VI

William I

Alexander II

  • 1226-1227: Thomas de Stirling, Archdeacon of Glasgow
  • 1227-1230: Matthew the Scot, Bishop-elect of Dunkeld
  • 1231–1233: William de Bondington, Bishop of Glasgow
  • 1233-1249: Sir William de Lindsay

Alexander III

English Appointees during the Interregnum

Robert I

David II

Robert II

Robert III

James I

  • 1422–1425: William Lauder, Bishop of Glasgow
  • 1426–1439: John Cameron, Bishop of Glasgow

James II

James III

James IV

James V

Mary I

James VI

Charles I

Charles II

James VII

William II and Mary II

Anne

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Cowan, p. 70
  2. ^ Cowan, p159

Sources

  • Cowan, Samuel, The Lord Chancellors of Scotland Edinburgh 1911. [1]
  • "Lord chancellors of Scotland in the Oxford DNB", in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2007 accessed 20 Feb 2007
  • Dowden, John, The Bishops of Scotland, ed. J. Maitland Thomson, (Glasgow, 1912)

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