John C. Bonifaz (born 22, June 1966) is a Boston-based attorney specializing in constitutional law and voting rights, and founder of the National Voting Rights Institute. He received a MacArthur Fellowship, popularly known as the " genius award", in 1999. [ [http://www.afterdowningstreet.org/?q=node/309 Biography] at After Downing Street]
Constitutional challenge and hearings on US invasion of Iraq
In February and March 2003, Mr. Bonifaz served as lead counsel for a coalition of US soldiers, parents of US soldiers, and Members of United States Congress|Congress] in "
John Doe I v. President Bush", a constitutional challenge to President Bush’s authority to wage war against Iraqabsent a congressional declaration of waror equivalent action. He argued that the President’s planned first-strike invasion of Iraq violated the War Powers Clauseof the US Constitution. [ [http://www.cnn.com/2003/LAW/02/13/anti.war.lawsuit.ap/index.html CNN report on anti war lawsuit] ] The lawsuit was initially dismissed in February 2003 and in March 2003 the dismissal was upheld on appeal. Regarding the initial dismissal, Attorney Bonifaz said "They’re not supposed to sideline... Courts cannot shirk from responsibility when it looks like a political battle." [ [http://www.thecrimson.com/article.aspx?ref=274234 The Crimson article] ] Regarding the affirmation of the dismissal, the appeals court held "...the text of the October Resolution itself spells out justifications for a war and frames itself as an 'authorization' of such a war." [ [http://www.themoderntribune.com/opionion_of_first_circuit_court_of_appeal_in_doe_v__bush.htm The Modern Tribune article on Doe v Bush] ]
Bonifaz wrote the 2004 book "Warrior-King: The Case for Impeaching George W. Bush" ["Warrior-King: The Case for Impeaching George W. Bush", (NationBooks-NY, 2004, foreword by Rep. John Conyers, Jr.) ISBN 1-56025-606-0] , which chronicles that case and its meaning for the
United States Constitution. The book argues that the Iraq Warwas illegal.
In the aftermath of the release of the
Downing Street Memoin 2005, Bonifaz co-founded After Downing Streetand wrote a memo to Congressman John Conyersof Michigan, the Ranking Democrat on the House Judiciary Committee, urging him to introduce a Resolution of Inquirydirecting the House Judiciary Committee to launch a formal investigation into whether sufficient grounds exist for the House to impeachPresident George W. Bush. Bonifaz participated in a discussion with former CIA Analyst Ray McGovernled by Rep. Conyers, advocating Bush's impeachment for misrepresenting the case for the Iraq war. [ [http://www.afterdowningstreet.org/?q=node/286 Bonifaz's testimony] at the June 16, 2005 hearings convened by Rep. Conyers] [ [http://www.afterdowningstreet.org/?q=node/5 Bonifaz's March 22, 2005 memo] urging Rep. John Conyers to introduce a Resolution of Inquiry on Iraq]
National Voting Rights Institute
Mr. Bonifaz is also the founder of the
National Voting Rights Institute(NVRI), where he most recently served as General Counsel. In 2006, NVRI formed a partnership with Demos (US think tank), and as of January 1, 2007, Bonifaz signed on as Senior Legal Fellow with Demos. Founded in 1994, NVRI serves as a prominent legal and public education center dedicated to protecting the right of all citizens to vote and to participate in the electoral process on an equal and meaningful basis.
For his work with NVRI, he is a 1999 recipient of a
MacArthur FoundationFellowship, also known as a "genius" award. In awarding the five-year fellowship, the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation stated:
Bonifaz, a public interest lawyer, uses innovative litigation to reexamine campaign finance reform arguments typically debated on first amendment grounds. Through the National Voting Rights Institute, an organization he founded, Bonifaz recasts the legal arguments to focus on fourteenth amendment protections, challenging the relationship between money and politics.
Massachusetts Clean Elections Law
In 2002, the Massachusetts legislature declined to fund the clean elections law, a public financing measure passed by voters in 1998. Bonifaz and the NVRI sued Massachusetts on behalf of
Warren Tolman, a candidate for governor who had qualified for public financing and was not receiving the money. The Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Courtruled that the legislature must fund a law passed by the voters that it has not repealed. [ [http://www.nvri.org/press/Masscleanelectionsrelease2_25_02.pdf National Voting Rights Institute press release] ] When the legislature persisted in not releasing the necessary funds to pay Tolman and other candidates, Bonifaz went to court again, and secured a ruling allowing his coalition to force the sale of state property. [ [http://www.progressive.org/node/1548 Clean Money Repo Men] ] [ [http://www.nvri.org/press/Masscleanelectionsrelease2_25_02.pdf Legal Victory for Clean Elections in Massachusetts] ] The legislature repealed the clean elections law after the 2002 elections.
Campaign for Secretary
In 2006, John Bonifaz ran for the Democratic nomination to be
Secretary of the Commonwealth of Massachusettsin 2006 against incumbent William F. Galvin. He declared his candidacy on December 1st, 2005, [ [http://www.johnbonifaz.com/node/140 John Bonifaz canidacy declaration] ] before it was known whether Galvin would run for re-election or for Governor. Galvin won the primary election, which was held on September 19th, 2006.
During the campaign, Bonifaz was linked to the Green Party by his opponent, because he voted for Green Party presidential candidate
Ralph Naderin Massachusetts in 2000, and because received a campaign contribution from Jill Stein, the Green-Rainbow Partycandidate for Secretary of State. Jill Stein was one of the clients he represented in the Clean Elections lawsuit, and other clients from that case donated to his campaign, including Warren Tolman, a Democratic candidate for Governor in 2002. After unenrolling from the Democratic Party prior to the 2000 election, Bonifaz later re-registered as a Democrat and has never been registered as a Green. [ [http://www.boston.com/news/local/politics/candidates/articles/2006/05/27/galvin_may_face_primary_battle/ Galvin primary battle article] ] [ [http://www.boston.com/news/local/politics/candidates/articles/2006/06/25/romneys_packed____and_unpacked____a_lot_in_2006/ "Romney's packed -- and unpacked -- a lot in 2006" article] ]
Bonifaz's campaign focused on election reform, promoting
clean elections, same day registration, voting rights for minorities, and opposition to privately owned voting machineswith proprietary software.
Bonifaz maintains a private practice in Amherst, Mass. with his father, Cristobal Bonifaz. The office specializes in international human rights and environmental law cases, and has litigated against
Chevron Corporationregarding pollution in the Lago Agrio oil field.
A graduate of
Brown Universityin 1987 and Harvard Law School cum laudein 1992, Bonifaz and his wife, Lissa Pierce Bonifaz, live in the Jamaica Plain neighborhood of Boston with their one year old daughter. Lissa holds a doctorate in bilingual education and works as a professor at Lesley Universityin Cambridge, where she teaches in the Language and Literacy Division of Lesley's School of Education.
* [http://www.johnbonifaz.com/ John Bonifaz for Secretary of State]
* [http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=johnbonifaz Videos from the Bonifaz campaign, on YouTube]
* [http://www.nvri.org/ National Voting Rights Institute]
* [http://www.AfterDowningStreet.org/ After Downing Street]
* [http://www.opensecrets.org/pubs/law_wp/wealthindex.htm The Wealth Primary]
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