Garfield, New Jersey

Infobox Settlement
official_name = City of Garfield, New Jersey
nickname =
motto =


imagesize =
image_caption =


image_



imagesize =
image_caption =


image_




mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Map highlighting Garfield's location within Bergen County. Inset: Bergen County's location within New Jersey


mapsize1 = 250x200px
map_caption1 = Census Bureau map of Garfield, New Jersey
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_name1 = New Jersey
subdivision_name2 = Bergen
government_type = 1923 Municipal Manager Law
government_footnotes =
settlement_type = City (New Jersey)
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Frank J. Calandriello
leader_title1 = Manager
leader_name1 = Thomas J. Duch, Esq.
established_title = Incorporated
established_date = March 15, 1898 (as Borough)
April 19, 1917 (as City)
area_magnitude =
area_total_sq_mi = 2.2
area_total_km2 = 5.7
area_land_sq_mi = 2.1
area_land_km2 = 5.5
area_water_sq_mi = 0.1
area_water_km2 = 0.2
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_urban_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
population_as_of = 2007
population_footnotes =
population_total = 29206
population_metro =
population_urban =
population_density_km2 = 5,399.3
population_density_sq_mi = 13,976.0
timezone = Eastern (EST)
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = EDT
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 40 |latm = 52 |lats = 47 |latNS = N
longd = 74 |longm = 6 |longs = 29 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 29
elevation_ft = 95
elevation_footnotes = [Gnis|885228|Garfield, Geographic Names Information System, accessed September 18, 2007.]
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 07026
area_code = 973
website = http://www.garfieldnj.org
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 34-25770GR|2 [ [http://mcdc2.missouri.edu/webrepts/commoncodes/ccc_nj.html A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey] , Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.] [ [http://mcdc2.missouri.edu/webrepts/commoncodes/ccc_nj.html A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey] , Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 14, 2008.]
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0876557GR|3
footnotes =

Garfield is a city in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the city population was 29,786.

When the area that is now Garfield was first developed in 1873, it was known as "East Passaic". In 1881, the community's name was changed to Garfield in honor of President of the United States James Garfield. There are generally two explanations given for the new moniker. According to one, shortly after Garfield was elected to the presidency the founder of East Passaic said, "tell everyone...don’t speak of East Passaic anymore; call it 'Garfield' after the man who will lead this great country to prosperity." Seven months later, President Garfield was assassinated but his name remained with the community. [http://www.tccweb.org/garfield.htm, Garfield, NJ. "The founder of Garfield said, 'tell everyone...don’t speak of East Passaic anymore, call it 'Garfield' after the man who will lead this great country to prosperity.' Unfortunately, seven months later President Garfield was assassinated but his name would live on in this great city."] The second theory holds that after Garfield's death in 1881, a new train station was named in his honor, which in turn led to the surrounding area becoming associated with his name as well. [ [http://www.garfieldnj.org/content/62/246/default.aspx History of Garfield] , City of Garfield. Accessed August 21, 2007. "Gilbert D. Bogart is often credited as having been the founder of “modern day” Garfield. When seven houses were constructed in 1873 between Monroe Street and Van Winkle Avenue, the area became known as “East Passaic”....In 1881, a railroad shortcut, the Bergen County Railroad, was laid and a station built and called Garfield after President James A. Garfield who died that year."]

Garfield was originally incorporated as a borough on March 15, 1898, from portions of Saddle River Township and Wallington. At the time, the New Jersey Legislature set Garfield's boundaries as they exist today. On April 19, 1917, the borough became the City of Garfield, based on the results of a referendum held two days earlier."The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968", John P. Snyder, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 78.]

Geography

Garfield is located at coor dms|40|52|47|N|74|6|29|W|city (40.879858, -74.108077)GR|1.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.7 km²), of which, 2.1 square miles (5.5 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km²) of it (2.74%) is water.

Demographics

USCensusPop
1900=3504
1910=10213
1920=19381
1930=29739
1940=28044
1950=27550
1960=29253
1970=30797
1980=26803
1990=26727
2000=29786
estimate=29206
estyear=2007
estref= [http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/SAFFPopulation?_event=Search&geo_id=06000US3403179460&_geoContext=01000US%7C04000US34%7C05000US34031%7C06000US3403179460&_street=&_county=garfield&_cityTown=garfield&_state=04000US34&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=060&_submenuId=population_0&ds_name=null&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry= Census data for Garfield city] , United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 10, 2008.]
footnote=Population 1900 - 1990. [ [http://www.wnjpin.net/OneStopCareerCenter/LaborMarketInformation/lmi01/poptrd6.htm New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990] , Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network. Accessed March 1, 2007.] [ [http://www.co.bergen.nj.us/planning/data/HistoricalPop.pdf Bergen County Census Data] , Bergen County, New Jersey. Accessed December 23, 2007.]
As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 29,786 people, 11,250 households, and 7,425 families residing in the city. The population density was 13,976.0 people per square mile (5,399.3/km²). There were 11,698 housing units at an average density of 5,488.8/sq mi (2,120.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.11% White, 2.98% African American, 0.33% Native American, 2.69% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 8.10% from other races, and 3.79% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 20.11% of the population.

There were 11,250 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 13.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.0% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.26.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.4% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 33.2% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,748, and the median income for a family was $51,654. Males had a median income of $35,987 versus $26,896 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,530. About 6.4% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.

As of the 2000 Census, 22.9% of Garfield's population was listed as being of Polish ancestry, ranked third highest in New Jersey behind Manville (23.1%) and Wallington (45.5%). [ [http://www.epodunk.com/ancestry/Polish.html Polish Communities] , EPodunk. Accessed June 15, 2008.]

Government

Local government

The City of Garfield is governed under the 1923 Municipal Manager Law from of New Jersey municipal government. Since 1972, Garfield has been governed by a City Manager and a five-member Council. Council members are elected at large in nonpartisan elections to serve four-year terms on a concurrent basis."2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book", Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 154.] The Council selects one of its members to be the Mayor and another to serve as Deputy Mayor. All of the members of the City Council are elected at large for four-year terms of office. The work of the City is carried on under the supervision of the appointed Department Heads and they, in turn, report to the City Manager.

Members of the Garfield City Council are: [ [http://www.garfieldnj.org/content/68/default.aspx Meet Your City Council] , City of Garfield. Accessed July 5, 2008.] [ [http://co.bergen.nj.us/ParksPDF/CountyDirectory.pdf "County of Bergen: 2008 County and Municipal Directory"] , Bergen County, New Jersey, p. 45. Accessed July 3, 2008.]
*Mayor [http://www.garfieldnj.org/content/68/364.aspx Frank J. Calandriello] (R, term ends December 31, 2008)
*Deputy Mayor [http://www.garfieldnj.org/content/68/259.aspx Joseph Delaney] (D, 2008)
* [http://www.garfieldnj.org/content/68/366.aspx Louis G. Aloia] (R, 2008)
* [http://www.garfieldnj.org/content/68/367.aspx James Krone] (D, 2008)
* [http://www.garfieldnj.org/content/68/365.aspx Stanley J. Moskal] (Independent, 2008)

Federal, state and county representation

Garfield is in the Ninth Congressional District and is part of New Jersey's 36th Legislative District. [ [http://www.lwvnj.org/pubs/CG06.pdf 2006 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government] , New Jersey League of Women Voters, p. 57. Accessed August 30, 2006.]

Politics

As of April 1, 2006, out of a 2004 Census estimated population of 29,833 in Garfield, there were 11,837 registered voters (39.7% of the population, vs. 55.4% in all of Bergen County). Of registered voters, 2,644 (22.3% vs. 20.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,420 (12.0% vs. 19.2% countywide) were registered as Republicans and 7,769 (65.6% vs. 60.1% countywide) were registered as Undeclared. There were four voters registered to other parties. ["County of Bergen: Voter Statistics by Municipality, Ward & District," dated April 1, 2006.]

On the national level, Garfield leans toward the Democratic Party. In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 58% of the vote here, defeating Republican George W. Bush, who received around 41%. [ [http://www.nj.gov/lps/elections/2004results/04_Municipality_pdf%27s/presidential_bergen_co_2004.pdf 2004 Presidential Election results: Bergen County] , New Jersey Department of Law and Public Safety, Division of Elections, dated December 13, 2004.]

Education

The Garfield Public Schools serve students in prekindergarten through twelfth grade. Garfield is one of over thirty Abbott Districts statewide. [ [http://www.nj.gov/cgi-bin/education/abbotts/abbotturls.pl?string=code&maxhits=100 Abbott Districts] , New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed March 31, 2008.]

Schools in the district (with 2005-06 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics [ [http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/schoolsearch/school_list.asp?Search=1&DistrictID=3405760 Data for the Garfield Public Schools] , National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed June 1, 2008.] ) are [http://www.garfield.k12.nj.us/preschool/gppshomepage.htm Garfield Preschool] (364 students, plus 116 at Annex), six K-5 elementary schools — [http://www.garfield.k12.nj.us/school%204/home.htm Washington Irving School #4] (279), [http://www.garfield.k12.nj.us/school%205/welcome.html Woodrow Wilson School #5] (386), [http://www.garfield.k12.nj.us/school%206/Default.htm Abraham Lincoln Elementary School #6] (349), [http://www.garfield.k12.nj.us/school%207/index.html Roosevelt School #7] (360), [http://www.garfield.k12.nj.us/school%208/welcome.htm Christopher Columbus School #8] (453), and [http://www.garfield.k12.nj.us/school%2010/welcome.htm James Madison School #10] (174) — [http://www.garfield.k12.nj.us/TJMS/home.htm Garfield Middle School] , Garfield's brand new middle school for grades 6-8 (640), and
Garfield High School (1,205).

Transportation

Garfield Station is served by the New Jersey Transit's Bergen County Line, as is the Plauderville station, located on the Saddle Brook border.

New Jersey Transit buses includes lines 160 and 161 serving the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, and local service on the, 702, 707, 709 and 758 routes. [ [http://www.njtransit.com/sf/sf_servlet.srv?hdnPageAction=BusRoutesBergenCountyTo Routes by County: Bergen County] , New Jersey Transit. Accessed September 9, 2008.]

U.S. Route 46 and County Route 507 pass through Garfield. Other main roads include Midland Avenue, Outwater Lane, and Passaic Street.

Notable residents

Notable current and former residents of Garfield include:
* Miles Austin (born 1984), wide receiver for the Dallas Cowboys. [Brubaker, Paul. [http://www.northjersey.com/page.php?qstr=eXJpcnk3ZjczN2Y3dnFlZUVFeXkxMjUmZmdiZWw3Zjd2cWVlRUV5eTcxNjM5MzcmeXJpcnk3ZjcxN2Y3dnFlZUVFeXky "NFL stars return to their roots"] , "Herald News", July 7, 2007. Accessed July 24, 2007. "Luis Castillo, San Diego Chargers defensive end, and Dallas Cowboys wide receiver Miles Austin returned to Garfield High School's gridiron to pass the love of the game to some 65 boys between the ages of 8 and 14."]
* Luis Castillo (born 1983), defensive tackle for the San Diego Chargers in the National Football League (NFL). [ [http://www.nflplayers.com/players/player.aspx?id=37190 Luis Castillo player profile] , National Football League Players Association. Accessed July 24, 2007. "Hometown: Garfield, N.J....SuperPrep All-America at Garfield High School in Garfield, New Jersey"]
* Wayne Chrebet (born 1973), now-retired wide receiver for the New York Jets in the NFL. [Lange, Randy. [http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-86716146.html "Aches, pains can't keep Chrebet's spirit down"] , "The Record (Bergen County)", October 31, 2003. Accessed August 10, 2007. "Chrebet and the Jets will be taking survival to the next level Sunday against the Giants, and for the wide receiver from Garfield, playing in only his third regular-season 'braggin' rights' game has special meaning."]
* Janice Robinson (born 1965), gained worldwide success in the early-mid 1990s with the group Livin' Joy as the lead singer before going solo in 1999. [Morse, Steve. [http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=BG&p_theme=bg&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EADDE0E2FAEA16A&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM "JANICE ROBINSON THE COLOR WITHIN ME WARNER BROS."] , "The Boston Globe", December 23, 1999. Accessed January 9, 2008.]
* Diana Zalewski - "America's Next Top Model, Cycle 8" contestant. [Kerwick, Mike. [http://www.northjersey.com/betterliving/tv/Plus-size_challenge.html "Plus-size challenge"] , "The Record (Bergen County)", May 7, 2007. Accessed June 1, 2008. "Diana Zalewski of Garfield called "America's Next Top Model" biased against plus-size models."]

References

External links

* [http://www.garfieldnj.org Garfield website]
* [http://www.garfield.k12.nj.us/ Garfield Public Schools]
*NJReportCard|03|1700|0|Garfield Public Schools
* [http://nces.ed.gov/ccd/schoolsearch/school_list.asp?Search=1&DistrictID=3405760 Data for the Garfield Public Schools] , National Center for Education Statistics
* [http://www.chamberofgarfield.com/ Garfield Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://rs6.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?ammem/gmd:@filreq(+@FIELD(SUBJ+@band(+Garfield++N+J++++Aerial+views++))+@field(COLLID+citymap)) Year 1909 bird's eye view]


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