- Gibraltar Island
Gibraltar Island (or the "Gem of Lake Erie") is an
islandin Ohio, located within Lake Erie. This small island is just offshore of South Bass Island.
Gibraltar Island became a lookout point for Commodore
Oliver Hazard Perryin the fight against the British during the War of 1812. Perry and his men defeated a fleet of British sailing vessels during the famous Battle of Lake Erieon September 10, 1813. As a result, the lookout point on Gibraltar Island became known as Perry's Lookout.
Ownership of the island remained with
Connecticutuntil Pierpont Edwards, a New Yorkbanker purchased the deed in 1807. Sandusky, Ohionative Jay Cooke bought the island from Edwards in 1864 and immediately began construction of a 15 room Victorian-Gothic mansion (now known as Cooke Castle). The Cooke family entertained a variety of notables, such as William Tecumseh Sherman, Salmon P. Chase, Rutherford B. Hayes, Grover Cleveland, and Benjamin Harrison.
Ohio Statehas had various research and teaching laboratories on Lake Erie since 1895, when Professor David S. Kellicott created a second-floor lab in a Sandusky, Ohiofish hatchery. Kellicott served as the laboratory director until his death in 1898. The first courses were offered to students in 1900. The lab moved to Cedar Pointand South Bass Islandbefore settling on Gibraltar Island in Put-in-Bay. Julius Stone, a Trustee of The Ohio State University, acquired the deed in 1925 from descendants of Jay Cooke. He immediately offered the land to Ohio State. The Board of Trustees resolved that it would be named for his father, Franz Theodore Stone, a Prussian mathematician and astronomical researcher who worked for Friedrich Wilhelm Besselafter attending the Königsberg Albertina University. Though the purchase was made in 1925 the first classes did not begin until 1929. The Ohio State University first constructed the Stone Laboratory Building. The building was dedicated on June 22, 1929. It contains six classrooms, offices, laboratories, computing facilities, and a 100-seat auditorium.
Other buildings on Gibraltar include:
*Cooke Castle, built in 1865 by Jay Cooke, currently being renovated, listed on
National Register of Historic Places
*Barney Cottage, built in approximately 1900 by Jay Cooke's daughter, sleeps 22
*Dining Hall, built in 1929 by Ohio State
*Stone Cottage, built in 1930 by Ohio State as quarters for instructors and researchers, slept 10
*Gibraltar House, built in 1930 by Ohio State as quarters for the caretaker
*Harborview House, built in 1985 by Ohio State as a dormitory, sleeps 60The island is home to the oldest freshwater field station in the United States, the F. T. Stone Laboratory (known simply as Stone Lab). The lab is the island campus of Ohio State University where several hundred students come every year to learn about the
Great Lakes, water resources, and other biological concepts. The lab hosts workshops for grade school students throughout the year and over the summer full credit college courses are offered to advanced high school students, undergraduates and graduate students. There are also many opportunities for teachers and researchers.
* [http://www.osu.edu/cookecastle/home01.html Cooke Castle]
* [http://ohioseagrant.osu.edu/ Ohio Sea Grant College Program]
* [http://stonelab.osu.edu/ Stone Laboratory]
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