Battle of Ayacucho

Battle of Ayacucho

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Ayacucho

caption=The " Battle of Ayacucho."
partof=Peruvian War of Independence
date=9 December 1824
place=Pampa de la Quinua
result=Independentist Victory, Capitulation of the Royalist Army
combatant1=Independentist army
combatant2=Royalist Army
commander1=Antonio José de Sucre
commander2=Viceroy José de la Serna
José de Canterac
strength2=4,975 Hispanic-American [3.000 Hispanic-American deserters in the Royalist army before the battle]
500 Spaniards
strength1=5,280 [The Sucre's army start the campaign of Ayacucho with 13.000 independentist soldiers claim Viceroy la Serna]
casualties2=2,100 killed or captured 3,500 prisoners

The Battle of Ayacucho was a decisive military encounter during the Peruvian War of Independence. It was the battle that sealed the independence of Peru, as well as the victory that ensured independence for the rest of South America.

As of late 1824, Royalists still had control of most of the south of Peru as well as of the Real Felipe fort in the port of Callao. On December 9 1824, the Battle of Ayacucho, or Battle of La Quinua, took place at Pampa de La Quinua, a few kilometers away from Ayacucho, near the town of Quinua between Royalist and Independentist forces. Independentist forces were led by Antonio José de Sucre, Simón Bolívar's lieutenant. After the battle, Viceroy José de la Serna signed the final capitulation of the Royalist army. The modern Peruvian Army celebrates the anniversary of this battle.



ee also

* Battle of Junín
* Ayacucho Declaration

External links

* [ Ayacucho República Aristocrática photo gallery]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ayacucho (disambiguation) — Ayacucho is a Quechua word meaning city of the dead . Originally it was the name of a city in Peru where the decisive battle in Peru s war of independence was fought, but the name is also used in other parts of Latin America to commemorate that… …   Wikipedia

  • Ayacucho — This article is about the Peruvian town, for other uses, see Ayacucho (disambiguation). Ayacucho Ayacucho s cathedral by night …   Wikipedia

  • Ayacucho, Buenos Aires — Infobox Settlement official name = Ayacucho pushpin pushpin label position = bottom pushpin map caption =Location in Argentina pushpin mapsize =200 pushpin map1 = Buenos Aires Province pushpin label position1 =bottom pushpin map caption1… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Junín — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Junín colour scheme=background:#eeddbb caption= Battle of Junín by Martín Tovar y Tovar. Oil on canvas. partof=the Peruvian War of Independence campaign= date=August 6, 1824 place=Junín Region… …   Wikipedia

  • Ayacucho Declaration — On December 9, 1974, the sesquicentennial celebration of the Battle of Ayacucho, the site of Simón Bolívar s final victory over Spain, eight Latin American nations stated their intention to consider arms limitations. Representatives from… …   Wikipedia

  • Ayacucho — [ä΄yä ko͞o′chō̂] city in SC Peru: site of a battle (1824) which marked the end of Spanish rule in South America: pop. 106,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Battle of Chorrillos — Infobox Military Conflict conflict = Battle of Chorrillos partof = War of the Pacific caption = Troop movements at Chorrillos date = January 13, 1881 place = Department of Lima, Peru territory = result = Chilean Victory [cite book |last=Chisholm… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of San Francisco — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of San Francisco caption= partof=War of the Pacific date=November 19, 1879 place=South America result= Chilean victory combatant1=flag|Chile combatant2=flag|Peru|1825 flag|Bolivia|state… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of La Concepción — Infobox Military Conflict conflict= Battle of Concepción description= partof= War of the Pacific date= July 9, 10 of 1882 place= Concepción, Perú result= Peruvian victory combatant1= flag|Chile combatant2= flag|Peru|1825 commander1=flagicon|Chile …   Wikipedia

  • Ayacucho, Battle of — ▪ South American history       (Dec. 9, 1824), in the Latin American wars of independence, revolutionary victory over royalists on the high plateau near Ayacucho, Peru. It freed Peru and ensured the independence of the nascent South American… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.