Bhaktivinoda Thakur

Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakur (September 2,1838 - June 23, 1914), a prominent figure among the Gaudiya Vaishnavas of Bengal, was born Kedarnath Datta in the town of Birnagar, Bengal, India. He was the son of Raja Krsnananda Datta. Bhaktivinoda married and had several children, including Bimal Prasad (later Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura), the founder of the Gaudiya Math and the guru of A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. Bhaktivinoda was also the father, as well as the initiating guru, of Lalita Prasad Thakur. The two brothes had substantial disagreements on how their father's spiritual heritage was to carry on, Bimal Prasad more inclined for preaching and the establishment of Varnashrama-dharma, Lalita Prasad more inclined for the esoteric mode of raganuga-worship.

Bhaktivinoda was among the first Vaishnava scholars to present the teachings of Caitanya Mahaprabhu and the principles of Gaudiya Vaishnava Theology to the English speaking world.

Bhaktivinoda took initiation (diksha) from Bipin Bihari Goswami [Bipin Bihari Goswami, Dasamula-rasa (pp.1216-1219)Verify credibility|date=September 2008] , a descendant of the family dynasty of Vamsivadananda Thakur, a companion of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu's, and an initiate in the lineage descending from Sri Jahnava Thakurani, the wife of close associate of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, Nityananda. In his autobiography entitled Svalikhita-jivani, Bhaktivinoda narrates how he had long prayed for a suitable guru,Fact|date=September 2008 and felt his prayers were responded to in a dream as Sri Chaitanya himself directed him to Bipin Bihari [Svalikhita-jivani 299-300Verify credibility|date=September 2008] .

From the very beginning of Chaitanya's "bhakti" movement in Bengal, Haridasa Thakur and others Muslim or Hindu by birth were the participants. It is said that this openness received a boost from Bhaktivinoda Thakura's broad-minded vision in the late 19th century and was institutionalized by Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati in his Gaudiya Matha in the 20th century.cite journal
author = Sherbow, P.H.
year = 2004
title = AC Bhaktivedanta Swami's Preaching In The Context Of Gaudiya Vaishnavism
journal = The Hare Krishna Movement: the Postcharismatic Fate of a Religious Transplant
url = http://books.google.com/books?q=and%20others%20%20Haridasa%20of%20Muslim%20by%20birth%20were%20the%20participants&ie=UTF-8&oe=utf-8
pages = p.139
]

He predicted coming of the day when fortunate non-Indian Vaishnavas would perform Harinama Sankirtan in different cities of the world. This prediction was fulfilled by A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada.

Many adherents of Gaudiya Vaishnavism believe that Bhaktivinoda later accepted "siksa" (instruction) from Srila Jagannatha dasa Babaji Maharaj, who is said to have lived for 135 years. Bhaktivinoda accepted the babaji vesh (cloth) in 1908 and adopted the lifestyle of a Vaishnava recluse. He continued to travel between Calcutta and Puri until 1910. Then he spent most of his time living quietly at home unable to travel much due to poor health until his death June 23, 1914. His remains were interred at Godruma, one of the nine islands of Navadwip.

Predictions

Many Gaudiya followers believe that Thakura predictions laid the foundation of the worldwide spread of bhakti yoga movement. He predicted coming of the day when fortunate non-Indian Vaishnavas would perform Harinama Sankirtan in different cities of the world. Sajjana Tosani 4.3, 'Nityadharma Suryodoy'Verify credibility|date=September 2008]

In one of his articles entitled "From Moses to Mahaprabhu" he remarked:

He also envisioned that many devotees from all nationalities would assemble at Mayapur to sing the holy names of Krishna and Lord Chaitanya. He predicted that a great acharya would come to create a worldwide movement to propagate the sankirtana mission. [cite book | author = Satsvarupa dasa Goswami |authorlink = Satsvarupa dasa Goswami | title =Prabhupada Appreciation | publisher = sdgonline.org | url = http://www.sdgonline.org | year = 1991| chapter = Appreciating Srila Prabhupada In Parampara | isbn = 0911233776]

His Works

Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura has broadcast the teachings of Sriman Mahaprabhu in many different languages. He has written approximately one hundred books in Sanskrit, Bengali, Oriya, Hindi, Urdu and English. The names of some of the more important of these works have been given below along with their dates of publication:

1 Hari-katha: Topics of Lord Hari, 1850
2 Sumbha-Nisumbha-yuddha, 1851
3 Poriade, 1857-58
4 Mathas of Orissa, 1860
5 Vijana-grama, 1863
6 Sannyasi, 1863
7 Our Wants, 1863
8 Valide Rejishtri, 1866
9 Speech on Gautama, 1866
10 The Bhagavat: Its Philosophy, Its Ethics, and Its Theology, 1869
11 Garbha-stotra-vyakhya, 1870
12 Reflections, 1871
13 Thakura Haridasa, 1871
14 The Temple of Jagannatha at Puri, 1871
15 The Monasteries of Puri, 1871
16 The Personality of Godhead, 1871
17 A Beacon of Light, 1871
18 Saragrahi Vaishnava, 1871
19 To Love God, 1871
20 The Atibadis of Orissa, 1871
21 The Marriage System of Bengal, 1871
22 Vedantadhikarana-mala, 1872
23 Datta-kaustubham, 1874
24 Datta-vamsa-mala, 1876
25 Bauddha-vijaya-kavyam, 1878
26 Sri Krishna-samhita, 1880
27 Sri Sajjana-toshani, (monthly magazine) 1881
28 Kalyana-kalpataru, 1881
29 Review of Nitya-rupa-samsthapanam, 1883
30 Visva-Vaishnava-Kalpatari, 1885
31 Dasopanishad-curnika, 1886
32 Bhavavali (commentary), 1886
33 Rasika-Ranjana, (commentary on Bhagavad Gita) 1886
34 Sri Caitanya Sikshamrita, 1886
35 Prema-pradipa, 1886
36 Published Sri Vishnu-sahasra-nama, 1886
37 Manaù-Siksha (translation and commentary), 1886
38 Sri Caitanya-Upanishad (commentary), 1887
39 Sri Krishna-vijaya (published), 1887
40 Vaishnava-siddhanta-mala, 1888
41 Sri amnaya-sutram, 1890
42 Siddhanta-darpanam (Bengali translation), 1890
43 Sri Navadvipa-dhama-mahatmya, 1890
44 Sri Godruma Kalpatari (essays on nama-hatta), 1891
45 Vidvad-ranjana (commentary on Bhagavad Gita), 1891
46 Sri Harinama, 1892
47 Sri Nama, 1892
48 Sri Nama-tattva-sikshashtaka, 1892
49 Sri Nama-mahima, 1892
50 Sri Nama-pracara, 1892
51 Sriman Mahaprabhura Siksha, 1892
52 Tattva-vivekaù or Sri Saccidanandanubhutih, 1893
53 Saranagati, 1893
54 Gitavali, 1893
55 Gitamala, 1893
56 Soka-satana, 1893
57 Nama Bhajana, 1893
58 Tattva-sutram, 1894
59 Vedarka-didhiti (commentary on Sri Isopanishad), 1894
60 Tattva-muktavali or Mayavada-satadushani, (translated and published), 1894
61 Amrita-pravaha-bhashya (commentary on Caitanya caritamrita), 1895
62 Sri Gauranga-lila-smarana-mangala-stotram, 1896
63 Sri Ramanuja Upadesa, 1896
64 Jaiva-Dharma, 1896
65 Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, His Life and Precepts, 1896
66 Brahma-samhita (commentary), 1897
67 Sri Goloka-mahatmya (Bengali translation of Brihad Bhagavatamrita), 1898
68 Sri Krishna-karnamritam, (translation), 1898
69 Piyusha-varshini-vritti (commentary on Upadesamrita), 1898
70 Sri Bhajanamritam (translation and commentary), 1899
71 Sri Navadvipa-bhava-taranga, 1899
72 The Hindu Idols, 1899
73 Sri Harinama-cintamani, 1900
74 Sri Bhagavata Arka-marici-mala, 1901
75 Sri Sankalpa-kalpadruma (Bengali translation), 1901
76 Sri Bhajana-rahasya, 1902
77 Sri Prema-vivarta (published), 1906
78 Svaniyama-dvadasakam, 1907

ee also

*Hare Krishna
*Bhakti
*Ratha Yatra

References

External links

* [http://www.bhaktivinoda.co.uk/ The Bhaktivinoda Chronicles including his autobiography]
* [http://www.salagram.net/parishad116.htm Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakur - biography]
* [http://library.iskconmedia.com/acaryas/bhaktivinoda-thakura Works by Bhaktivinoda Thakur in PDF format.] ISKCON Media Vedic Library


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bhaktivinoda Thakur — (domingo 2 de septiembre de 1838 – 23 de junio de 1914) fue un religioso y escritor bengalí. Bhaktivinoda Thakur. bhakti vinoda ṭhakkura, según el sistema IAST de transliteración sánscrita. ठक्कुर, en letras devánagari. Etimología: ‘el caballero… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Thakur (Bengali surname) — Thakur (ঠাকুর) is a Bengali surname derived from Thakurmashai or ‘holy sir’ for any Bengali Brahmins or Bhumihar Brahmin in Bihar and also for someone of high spiritual esteem. The surname was given out of respect for any Brahmin family earlier… …   Wikipedia

  • Haridasa Thakur — Infobox ReligiousBio background = #FFA01A name = Haridasa Thakur religion = Gaudiya Vaishnavism ISKCON alias = Mama thakur, Yavana Haridas, location = Mayapur and Puri India Title = Nama acharya of the International Society for Krishna… …   Wikipedia

  • Gaudiya Vaishnavism — Gaudiya Vaishnava temple at Tirupathi Gaudiya Vaishnavism (also known as Chaitanya Vaishnavism[1] and Hare Krishna) is a Vaishnava religious movement founded by Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (1486–1534) in India in the 16th century. Gaudiya refers to the …   Wikipedia

  • Chaitanya Mahaprabhu — Part of …   Wikipedia

  • Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura — Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakur Prabhupada (February 3,1874 – January 1, 1937) [Renaissance of Gaudiya Vaishnava Movement Page 47] [http://www.scsmath.com/docs/articles/SarasTkrAp0503ParamaBhaktis.pdf] , was a highly influential preacher… …   Wikipedia

  • Chaitania — (1486 1533) fue un santo bengalí, fundador del krisnaísmo bengalí, una de las ramas del krisnaísmo (el cual es a su vez una rama del hinduismo). Fotografía de una pintura de Cheitania, que medita en el templo de Yáganat, ca. 1900 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vaisnavismo gaudía — El vaisnavismo gaudiya (‘vishnuismo de Bengala’, en el norte oriente de la India) es un movimiento religioso krisnaísta fundado por el místico hindú Chaitania (1486 1534) en Bengala (India) en el siglo XVI. Un murti (estatua) de Chaitania en …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bhaktivedanta Narayana — Infobox ReligiousBio background = #FFA07A name = Bhaktivedanta Narayana Maharaja religion = Gaudiya Vaishnavism location = Vrindavan, India Title = Acharya Vaisnava spiritual leader Period = 1952 Present Predecessor = Prajnana Kesava initiation …   Wikipedia

  • List of converts to Hinduism — The following is a list of converts to Hinduism from other religions or a non religious background.From Abrahamic religionsChristianity* Job Charnock British trade agent who has been controversially described as the founder of Calcutta [… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.